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Church History and Sacraments - Modernism.

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Introduction

Shawn Saini Mr. Collins Church History and Sacraments April 27, 2003 Modernism Modernism, or the "abuse of that which is modern", aims at that alteration of the human thought, in relation to God, man, the world, and life, and the afterlife. The intellectual goal of Modernism is the critique of tradition, through the use of science and reason. "It consists in the claim of the modern mind to determine what is true, right, and beautiful in the light of its own experience, even though its conclusions be in contradiction to those of tradition (Major 8)." Contradicting many of the dogmas of the Church, modernism stands for a new spirit and for modern methods in the study and teaching of religion and morals. Yet, modernist are Christian that seek to connect themselves more with the world of reason. ...read more.

Middle

Yet, "Adam would, of course, be just in the first stage, mentally, above the brute and therefore could not possible have had sufficient ability to have given names to all the animals on the earth (McCrossman 73)." This created a conflict with their belief in evolution, however, in response to this, they declared Adam a mythical being. Also, for the same reasons, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob were also declared mythical beings. Being the fundamental foundation for which the Modernist movement was formed on, Modernists also utilize historical and literary sciences in the study of religion. Thus, "Modernist believe themselves true to the spirit and purpose of Jesus Christ when they emphasize his teachings and the inner faith of a century-long movement rather than the formulas in which aspects of this faith were authoritatively expressed (Mathews 31)." ...read more.

Conclusion

Pius X had pointed out the dangers of certain new theological methods. These truths, which are based upon Agnosticism and Immanentism, are said to necessarily strip the doctrine of the faith of its teachings of objective and absolute, immutable truth and many others. This occurs when those methods are associated with subversive criticism of the Holy Scriptures and of the origins of Christianity. On September 8th, 1907, Pope Pius X published his famous Encyclical, Pascendi, which condemned the system of Modernism. "It points out the danger of Modernism in relation to philosophy, apologetics, exegesis, history, liturgy, and discipline, and shows the contradiction between that innovation and the ancient faith; and, finally, it establishes rules by which to combat efficiently the pernicious doctrines in question (Fawkes 123)." Among those discussed to combat modernists, was the establishment of an official body of censors of books and the creation of a "Committee of Vigilance" Saini 1 ...read more.

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