• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Church History and Sacraments - Modernism.

Extracts from this document...


Shawn Saini Mr. Collins Church History and Sacraments April 27, 2003 Modernism Modernism, or the "abuse of that which is modern", aims at that alteration of the human thought, in relation to God, man, the world, and life, and the afterlife. The intellectual goal of Modernism is the critique of tradition, through the use of science and reason. "It consists in the claim of the modern mind to determine what is true, right, and beautiful in the light of its own experience, even though its conclusions be in contradiction to those of tradition (Major 8)." Contradicting many of the dogmas of the Church, modernism stands for a new spirit and for modern methods in the study and teaching of religion and morals. Yet, modernist are Christian that seek to connect themselves more with the world of reason. ...read more.


Yet, "Adam would, of course, be just in the first stage, mentally, above the brute and therefore could not possible have had sufficient ability to have given names to all the animals on the earth (McCrossman 73)." This created a conflict with their belief in evolution, however, in response to this, they declared Adam a mythical being. Also, for the same reasons, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob were also declared mythical beings. Being the fundamental foundation for which the Modernist movement was formed on, Modernists also utilize historical and literary sciences in the study of religion. Thus, "Modernist believe themselves true to the spirit and purpose of Jesus Christ when they emphasize his teachings and the inner faith of a century-long movement rather than the formulas in which aspects of this faith were authoritatively expressed (Mathews 31)." ...read more.


Pius X had pointed out the dangers of certain new theological methods. These truths, which are based upon Agnosticism and Immanentism, are said to necessarily strip the doctrine of the faith of its teachings of objective and absolute, immutable truth and many others. This occurs when those methods are associated with subversive criticism of the Holy Scriptures and of the origins of Christianity. On September 8th, 1907, Pope Pius X published his famous Encyclical, Pascendi, which condemned the system of Modernism. "It points out the danger of Modernism in relation to philosophy, apologetics, exegesis, history, liturgy, and discipline, and shows the contradiction between that innovation and the ancient faith; and, finally, it establishes rules by which to combat efficiently the pernicious doctrines in question (Fawkes 123)." Among those discussed to combat modernists, was the establishment of an official body of censors of books and the creation of a "Committee of Vigilance" Saini 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Miracles section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Miracles essays

  1. Describe the history and symbolism of the festival of Pesach - How may ...

    The roasted egg in the Seder meal symbolises new life and the karpas (parsley) symbolises new hope. The egg reminds Jews about the new life that their ancestors were given after God helped them escape. This helps Jews to realise that although life may seem harsh, if you have faith

  2. Talking about miracles

    organisations and orphanages was set up to help the poor and needy. And also the state became responsible for helping the poor and providing resources to improve their condition. Since the introduction of charities people have been saying that charities are good in what they do.

  1. The girl in the story was labeled as a girl, which is interesting to ...

    It also was borne in the sense even a child can feel, that a parent is not particularly happy with her own state in life, and can only feel redeemed if her child attains Something Better. The conflict that grows between Jing Mei and her mother is all too familiar

  2. Discuss the differences and similarities between the two stories concentrating on how they begin ...

    before and for him to be back at the beginning of the story. 'A Sound of Thunder' begins with the main character, Eckels, in the office of Time Safari Inc. The story is being told in the present tense, and the narrator starts by describing the sign in the office,

  1. A03: "A priest should always refuse the sacraments to those who do not practice ...

    Sacraments involve the community. When a person does not practice their faith they cut themselves off from a supportive Christian community who could help a person's faith grow and develop. Should a priest administer the sacraments to those who do not take their Christain commitment seriously?

  2. Barbara Kingsolver is the author of many well-written pieces of literature including The Poisonwood ...

    faith like the bronze breastplate of God's foot soldiers, while our mother's is more like a good cloth coat with a secondhand fit.'' This quote is very true, as her father is the evangelical missionary leader who parades his religion around, as he craves for the reputation of being a "good person," because he preaches the bible.

  1. The charaters in "Hills Like White Elephants," "Daisy Miller," and "Babylon Revisited" all communniacte ...

    the girl saw a strong possibility of commitment, romantic ideals, and marriage. The sadness is that these couple will not see the consequence until it too late. In this writing, love is like licorice, which it is bitter. "Hills like White Elephants" must not simply be read, it must be

  2. My Personal Theory on an Afterlife

    Empathy is us recalling that emotion and looking at a particular circumstance in one?s unique way). However, a soul is, for me, hard to imagine. How do you describe it? It is not something that we can detect, it is a spiritual thing without any physical substance, and it is

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work