• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Determinants of Domestic Violence

Extracts from this document...


Task 1: Determinants of Domestic Violence Mark Woods Health Space This essay intends to discuss how the determinants of domestic violence affect a person's health. 1 in 3 or 1 in 4 women report having suffered domestic violence at some time in their adult lives according to recent different surveys in the UK. According to the British crime survey (1996) only 1 in 3 crimes of domestic violence were reported to the police. Research in the UK found that in 25% of cases the male partner had also been violent to the children. The government has a zero tolerance policy with domestic violence. On the home office website it defines domestic violence as... "Any form of physical, sexual or emotional abuse which takes place within the context of a close relationship. In most cases, the relationship will be between partners (married, cohabiting, or otherwise) or ex-partners". It is most commonly for the offender of domestic violence to be caused by the male and inflicted upon the female and / or the children. This is often because the males are bigger in build, stronger and like to feel in control of most situations. If the male isn't in control he may become aggressive and become violent upon the other member of the family. ...read more.


The people or friends that the person hung about with as a child may be violent and influence him/ her into a violent nature of life, were violence is the answer to problems. The adult may also have seen domestic violence when he/ she was a child through their parents. 50 years ago there was no policy on domestic violence and therefor as a child may have been brought up believing that it is was acceptable behaviour. The way the person grows up can also influence lifestyle another determinant for domestic violence. If the lifestyle of the person is a violent one where they drink a lot then the chance of domestic violence is high. The stereotypical image is one where the man returns from the pub drunk and beats up his wife. This scenario is often used in soap operas. Alcohol can have a huge effect in people's behaviour as it can make people more violent and aggressive. This on top of being stressed could lead the person into assaulting a member of his her family when they return home. However if the subject has a healthier lifestyle, which involves him or her in activities such as regular visits to the gym or is a member of a football team, they are less likely to be highly stressed as sport can act as a way to relieve stress. ...read more.


The current government supports a three-way partnership between the public private and housing association sector to promote good social housing. The recent comprehensive spending review has highlighted again the need to drive forward the housing policy as part of the overall need to address poverty and deprivation. Domestic violence is found at all economic and class levels. Sigler in his research in 1989 noted that "race, religion, social class, income, and education are not consistently related to being a batterer." However he did acknowledge that one's level of income may be related to battering. It has also been found that that there were higher rates of abuse in poor, blue-collar families and that in general, there is a consistent decrease in violence as income levels go up. Straus et al, (1980). Steinmetz (1986). Okun (1986) comments that unemployed and under-employed men are more likely to engage in wife battering. Since men are socialised into believing that they must be the family breadwinners and failure to live up to this responsibility may be a characteristic of abusive husbands. Despite this Langley and Levy, (1977) note that the stereotyped wife beater does not exist. That is, the wife beater is not necessarily of lower class. Nor is he probably black, on welfare, and living in a ghetto. Research has shown that domestic violence can emanate in any home irrespective of age, community, income level, race, or religious group. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Morality of War section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Morality of War essays

  1. 'Patriarchy explains the widespread nature of violence against women'. Discuss with reference to pa

    This is because the institution of the Great Indian Family is seen as being invested with many precious notions- these notions suggest that the Indian family is emotionally nurturing and stable (in contrast to the families in the west) as well as being the repository of good values, where the

  2. Domestic Violence and Women.

    Research conducted on occupational status suggests that it is related to partner violence. Violence is likely to occur in partners where the husband has a much higher status than his wife. Research suggests that wife beating is more common in households where the power is concentrated in the hands of the husband or male partner.

  1. The family is often described as 'A Haven in a Heartless World'. Discuss ...

    (Cootes and Campbell, 1982. Page 42). Though the notion of a wife being the property of her husband thus, by implication, being a legitimate target for physical, sexual and psychological abuse is not as prevalent as it was during the time up the late nineteenth century, it has been argued that it still pervades.

  2. Domestic Violence Effect on Children

    * Difficulty concentrating and resolving conflict (Witnessing Domestic Violence) A lot of these conditions begin to occur when women begin to settle in shelters. Only then when the child is feeling a sense of safety will he or she begin to open up and let the trauma begin to heal.

  1. Fist stick knife gun, Geoffrey Canada (1995) - Violence and Youth in America

    Furthermore, quoting Jan and Marcia Chaiken's studies relating to drugs and violence, Brownstein (2000), also contends that ""the use of illicit drugs does not apper to be strontly relted to onset and participation in predatory crime" (Ibid, p. 32)

  2. Domestic violence is a complex issue, which affects the whole of society.

    If the ordeal of the domestic violence is not bad, enough being forced by child welfare officers to agree to contact with an abusive partner can be just as harrowing. I know from personal experience that the system does not take into account any of the reasons of why a relationship ends whether it is because of violence or not.

  1. Domestic violence.

    This study will provide an up to date review and analysis of recent literature surrounding the subject of screening for domestic violence during pregnancy. Bacchus, Bewley & Mezey (2002) undertook a piece of research titled "Women's Perceptions and Experiences of Routine Enquiry for Domestic Violence".

  2. Negative language - Positive message? Does exposure to media violence have a negative effect ...

    Another example of the controversial subject of violence in the media is the growing amount of violent computer games. Many of these computer games that are being produced are based on violence alone and the aim of the game is to be as brutal as possible.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work