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Determinants of Domestic Violence

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Task 1: Determinants of Domestic Violence Mark Woods Health Space This essay intends to discuss how the determinants of domestic violence affect a person's health. 1 in 3 or 1 in 4 women report having suffered domestic violence at some time in their adult lives according to recent different surveys in the UK. According to the British crime survey (1996) only 1 in 3 crimes of domestic violence were reported to the police. Research in the UK found that in 25% of cases the male partner had also been violent to the children. The government has a zero tolerance policy with domestic violence. On the home office website it defines domestic violence as... "Any form of physical, sexual or emotional abuse which takes place within the context of a close relationship. In most cases, the relationship will be between partners (married, cohabiting, or otherwise) or ex-partners". It is most commonly for the offender of domestic violence to be caused by the male and inflicted upon the female and / or the children. This is often because the males are bigger in build, stronger and like to feel in control of most situations. If the male isn't in control he may become aggressive and become violent upon the other member of the family. ...read more.


The people or friends that the person hung about with as a child may be violent and influence him/ her into a violent nature of life, were violence is the answer to problems. The adult may also have seen domestic violence when he/ she was a child through their parents. 50 years ago there was no policy on domestic violence and therefor as a child may have been brought up believing that it is was acceptable behaviour. The way the person grows up can also influence lifestyle another determinant for domestic violence. If the lifestyle of the person is a violent one where they drink a lot then the chance of domestic violence is high. The stereotypical image is one where the man returns from the pub drunk and beats up his wife. This scenario is often used in soap operas. Alcohol can have a huge effect in people's behaviour as it can make people more violent and aggressive. This on top of being stressed could lead the person into assaulting a member of his her family when they return home. However if the subject has a healthier lifestyle, which involves him or her in activities such as regular visits to the gym or is a member of a football team, they are less likely to be highly stressed as sport can act as a way to relieve stress. ...read more.


The current government supports a three-way partnership between the public private and housing association sector to promote good social housing. The recent comprehensive spending review has highlighted again the need to drive forward the housing policy as part of the overall need to address poverty and deprivation. Domestic violence is found at all economic and class levels. Sigler in his research in 1989 noted that "race, religion, social class, income, and education are not consistently related to being a batterer." However he did acknowledge that one's level of income may be related to battering. It has also been found that that there were higher rates of abuse in poor, blue-collar families and that in general, there is a consistent decrease in violence as income levels go up. Straus et al, (1980). Steinmetz (1986). Okun (1986) comments that unemployed and under-employed men are more likely to engage in wife battering. Since men are socialised into believing that they must be the family breadwinners and failure to live up to this responsibility may be a characteristic of abusive husbands. Despite this Langley and Levy, (1977) note that the stereotyped wife beater does not exist. That is, the wife beater is not necessarily of lower class. Nor is he probably black, on welfare, and living in a ghetto. Research has shown that domestic violence can emanate in any home irrespective of age, community, income level, race, or religious group. ...read more.

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