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Discuss critically the belief that conscience is the voice of God.

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Introduction

Discuss critically the belief that conscience is the voice of God. To Aquinas a Christian philosopher, conscience is being both able to distinguish right from wrong, to make decisions and judgements when a person encounters a difficult moral situation. Christian philosophers believe that conscience is based on reason. Aquinas stated that we have to work out the natural purpose of things by reason through specific ends. This is the function of conscience, which is called Synderesis. The second stage is called Conscientia which involves principles of Natural Law to a specific circumstance for example euthanasia would be seen as wrong, for the reason that a specific end is to live. He believes that conscience is Innate and God Given it is not acquired. Kant stated that conscience provides you with a sense of duty or obligation and is part of a rational process. ...read more.

Middle

Saint Paul taught that conscience was the centre of the soul, where inner convictions and moral choices were held. In the letter of Saint Paul to the Romans conscience is specifically referred to when writing about the Gentiles: "God wrote his law in everyone's hearts". This means that everyone has a God Given conscience no matter what religion, but we don't always follow it and we are able to go against it. It could be argued that God should make us do the right things, as it would make the world a better place. But we wouldn't have free will, as this is so precious, Christians would say that this is the ultimate price that we pay. So if everyone has a God given conscience at birth these consciences should be all be the same, but as you grow up these consciences change, because of faith, the way you are brought up and the society you live in. ...read more.

Conclusion

When someone believes in God, the Holy Spirit guides them. Because the Holy Spirit is part of the Trinity, this is part of the voice of God. Evangelical Christians or biblical fundamentalists believe that God tells them exactly what to do through the guidance of the holy Spirit, but to make sure their conscience was correct, they would check the 'voice' against the bible, there may be faults in the way which conscience works, or the answer may not always be clear. But non-Christians are not necessarily bad people as their consciences seem to function quite satisfactorily in many situations. It may be argued that they haven't completely understood their conscience, or are rejecting it. So, conscience can only be the voice of God if you are a Christian, as non-Christians don't have God, or his word in the bible so for them, it cannot be.ehehehehe he ...read more.

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