• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss Greene's use of religion and religious imagery in 'Brighton Rock'.

Extracts from this document...


Daniel Henderson 15/01/02 Discuss Greene's use of religion and religious imagery in 'Brighton Rock'. 'Heaven was a word; Hell was something he could trust.'1 Religion is a significant aspect of Graham Greene's 'Brighton Rock'2. It gives the reader a chance to explore the religious beliefs and workings that take place in the mind of each of the characters. It also gives an immediate expectation of the personalities and behaviour of the characters. Religion is not only a matter of the character's beliefs, but is also an important factor in the dilemmas and situations they have to face. Whether through Hale's funeral and Ida's unconventional belief system, or Pinkie and Rose's Catholicism and under-age marriage, religion provides a backdrop against which the events of the book are set. Perhaps more uncomfortable however, is the suggestion of an inversion of the Seven Sacraments through which Pinkie passes - perhaps on his way to '...something he could trust'3. Hale's funeral appears to be one of the first important religious scenes. Its main purpose seems to be examining Ida's controversial beliefs and views, as well as creating grey areas surrounding what is right and wrong. Both before and after the funeral service Ida relates, 'I like a funeral'4. ...read more.


The priest states that 'Our belief in heaven, is not qualified by our disbelief in the old medieval hell'13. He is obviously denying the existence of hell, but Greene then subtly mocks this by describing how the '...coffin slid smoothly down into the fiery sea'14. This extreme contrast conjures up images of hell and damnation in the reader's mind. Within Brighton Rock, of course, hell is most closely associated with the two main protagonists Pinkie and Rose, both Catholic. To stop Rose from being able to testify against him for the murder of Fred Hale, Pinkie befriends and then marries her. As well as being under age, their marriage is a sham as Pinkie evidently despises her. 'God damn you, you little bitch, why can't you go back home for ever and let me be?'15 Obviously, getting married under age is against their religious beliefs and they both realise that they have committed a Mortal Sin and will go to Hell. Perhaps one of the reasons that Greene made Pinkie and Rose religious is because it makes under age marriage seem more shocking. Pinkie does not seem to be as worried about the idea of damnation, and perhaps this is because he knows he will go to hell for the murder of Hale. ...read more.


All of the Sacraments evidently centre around the main protagonist, Pinkie. Throughout, he is portrayed as a satanic, evil character. Even though it is made plainly obvious that he is religious, he seems to aim his views more at the 'darker' side of religion such as the belief in Hell. "Of course there's Hell, Flames and Damnation." "And Heaven too", Rose said with anxiety, while the rain fell interminably on. "Oh, maybe". The Boy said. "maybe".25 If it is hinted through these inverted sacraments that Pinkie is something of an anti - Christ figure, this is also suggested by the image of Pinkie in 'the Palace of Pleasure': ...with the smell of gunpowder on his fingers, holding the mother of God by the hair'26. Religion, therefore, seems to mean different things to different characters, even if Greene appears to mainly focus on Pinkies religious beliefs. As something of a satanic, antichrist figure, the reader is repulsed by him, but also drawn into trying to understand him and the way in which he views the world. This adds to the overall tension of 'Brighton Rock'. Rose's Catholicism, and Ida and Hale's differing brands of non-conformist belief only help to contrast with this - but they also serve to reinforce the feeling that in 'Brighton Rock','Heaven was (only) a word'27. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Religion in the Media section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Religion in the Media essays

  1. Discuss the merits of theories of secularisation with regard to religion in modern Britain

    1. Firstly, those who argue that the structural decline of religion has been overstated, mainly because the historical evidence has itself been overstated. That is, they question two main things: a. The idea that, in the past, religious organisations were able to maintain a strong grip (a stranglehold?)

  2. Discuss the merits of theories of secularisation with regard to religion in modern Britain

    which is relatively small in terms of the population as a whole. However there has been a slight increase in Roman Catholic membership. This could be due to the unreliable method in which it is measured or because the Catholic Church employs a stricter control over members than non-Catholic Christian Churches.

  1. How does Willis Hall use the Japanease prisoner in Act 2 to bring out ...

    This is how the first core issue has surfaced. Prejudice is the second core issue I am going to write about. Prejudice arises regularly in the second act. However it is not as severe as the first issue, for example the language that is used is 'Jock bints' and 'dim scotch nit' which of course is a general comment

  2. Are Near Death Experience's a valid form of Religious Experience

    These are separate from fruits, instead they are characteristics that make up the experience. They can lead to fruits arising but are mostly seen during the experience. Feelings of joy and comfort are normally seen as high factors in NDE's that depict for people, that the afterlife is comforting, joyful and peaceful.

  1. Using materials from the items and elsewhere assess the view that practical issues are ...

    Without thinking about ethical issues, research would be considered wrong and may not be take seriously. If a sociologist felt that ethical issues were more important they may be restricted in their choice of methods. They may be able to use questionnaires, surveys, or interviews as long as the subjects knew exactly what was happening all the time.

  2. "Assess the view that religious language is meaningless."

    empirical world to describe things that can be proved or disproved in this world. I look at the sky with my eyes, and according to the colour of the light going into them from the sky and the list of colours and names that I have stored in my memory I conclude that it is blue.

  1. Religion in the media.

    It was not what I had expected, I thought they were going to discuss more religious issues. Conclusion I thought that this programme was not that bad as I enjoyed the part at the end when the Reverend went to the dating agency.

  2. Religious Orders

    Examples of contemplative orders are Carmelites, Poor Clares and Carthusians.The Carthusians were a monastic order founded by St Bruno, who in 1084 retired with six companions to the solitude of the valley of Chartreuse, near Grenoble. There they lived as hermits, wearing poor clothing and eating vegetables and coarse bread.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work