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Early Croatian Architecture.

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Introduction

"Early Croatian Architecture (Pre-Romanesque)" In Early Christian and Pre-Romanesque Periods, small churches with various floor-plans were built. The stone ornaments "pleter" appeared at the time.A special importance have about 150 Pre-Romanesque Croatian churches (9th to 11th century), mostly along the coast. About 15 of them are well preserved . Probably the best example of old Croatian church architecture is the Pre-Romanesque Chapel of Holy Cross in Nin built around 800 AD. This small, early Christian church from the pre-Romanesque period has a ground plan in the form of a cross, and a cupola. Also from Nin comes the famous font of Vi´┐Żeslav (about 800 AD), which is kept in a museum in Split, and is an outstanding example of Croatian carved braiding Another very important monument of the Pre-Romanesque architecture in Europe is the Church of St. ...read more.

Middle

This representative example of early Christian architecture consists of an atrium, a baptistery, and a basilica with bishop's palace and chapel. Due to fires, earthquakes, and other reasons, the basilica has been restored many times. It consists of several historical layers and includes the remains of earlier interventions ( the original 5th century floor mosaics, and mosaics in the central apse). The Basilica of Euphrasius is the earliest church consisting of three apsidal terminations in central Europe, and its mosaics are among the most important treasures of 6th century monumental painting. The well-preserved pre-Romanesque church of St. Michael (9th century), was built on the St. Michael hill. There are several other old churches in the surroundings of Ston, most of them are ruined now. ...read more.

Conclusion

The central nave of the church is divided by lesenas on three bays. The barrel vault has ribs made of mortar, so the looks like it has cross-barrel vaulting. The church had many phases of development. Before the pre-Romanesque phase (10 or 11. century), it is believed to have had earlier phases of development. The original church was built in the times between the Late Antiquity and Early Middle Ages (6.century). From this era are two Early Christian stone fragments with Latin crosses, which were later used as pseudo-relics. In that phase the church did not have a dome. The pre-Romanesque church of the 11.century had three bays. From that period is the dome with the four-side roof. In the 14.century the church was renovated and decorated with gothic frescos with floral motifs, which were in part preserved until today. 1 ...read more.

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