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Every pregnant woman has an inalienable right to have an abortion. Discuss.

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Introduction

Every pregnant woman has an inalienable right to have an abortion. Discuss. The definition for abortion is, 'premature expulsion of a foetus from the womb; operation to cause this' (oxford popular dictionary).1 There are two types of abortion: spontaneous and induced. Spontaneous abortion or miscarriage is when a foetus dies naturally inside the mother. Induced abortion is when the foetus is deliberately killed by taking it from the mother's womb. In 1966 an abortion law reform Bill was sponsored by David Steel (Liberal MP). The Bill received several opposing arguments from religious groups, government ministers, doctors and medical organizations. This then influenced the Bill and changes were made to try and accommodate all those concerned, however the public support greatly outweighed those against legalizing abortion. So on 27th October 1967 in England, Scotland and Wales, the law was passed and abortion became legal and took effect six months later. The right of women to control their own fertility is a fundamental human right and women will only be able to take a full and equal part in society when they are given the inalienable right to decide for themselves whether they want to have children. In countries that allow abortion, the mother's needs are put first before the foetus. It may be decided that she is unable to care for her child, by age, health, mental development and social damage, so she has an abortion. It is often thought abortion is unwomanly because women are destined to care and to protect. By having an abortion they are not being caring or protecting. ...read more.

Middle

'before you were formed in the body of your mother I had knowledge of you and before your birth I made you holy' (Jeremiah 1:5)5. Therefore it seems Roman Catholic believe that God knows of you as a person before you are born and the foetus life is scared whilst in the womb, proving that Roman Catholics reject the idea that women have an inalienable right to an abortion, infact no-one has that right because the life belongs to God. The bible provides all Christians with their basic guidelines on ethical decisions, the same applies to abortion, however one must remember that the approach towards abortion is only defined by interpretations of bible passages. A more modern way of finding religious advice on how to deal with abortion is through priests, and in the Roman Catholic Church the Pope. A Protestant minister would be more inclined to understand the reasons why an abortion may be necessary, however the Pope would strongly disagree that any circumstances could justify an abortion 'human life is scared. All men must recognize this fact. Recognise' (Pope Paul vi Humanae Vitae 1968) In this position the Roman Catholic church disregards and right the mother has over aborting her child and certainly disagree that she would have an inalienable right to have an abortion. Christianity isn't the only religion which disagrees with abortion. '...abortion is taboo as it is interference in the creative work of God. If the conception has taken place it would be a sin to destroy life' (Mansukhani 1986)6 Sikhism scriptures don't have any direct teachings on abortion, however they do teach a respect for life and they use that rule for guidance. ...read more.

Conclusion

The statement 'every pregnant woman has an inalienable right to have an abortion' raises many questions, but one that is significant more obviously than the rest is, what about the father's rights? And does this need to be considered? Ultimately one has to decide which parents life would be affected more and if the mother's life is in danger due to her pregnancy the decision should be the mothers only. By out lining each argument, the notion against abortion seems to out weigh pro-choice abortion arguments, which suggest that most people disagree with a pregnant woman having the inalienable right to have an abortion, but do those that decide if the laws concerning abortion have the right to apply one rule to every woman? Without abortion many already living women would be dead and instead of losing one life you would lose two, surely not God could want that. At the end I believe a woman's body is hers and hers alone, and she should have the inalienable right to have an abortion. The law allows abortion so in affect it agrees that the woman should have an inalienable right to an abortion, because the majority of people recognize the fact that abortions will take place whether they are legal or not, and the safest way is too make them legal. Abortion is no different to the morning after pill which stops an unfertilized egg from growing; however it can be prescribed and collected within 24 hours. Ultimately it is the woman's body, her capabilities to create life that will bring a child into the world, so evidently it should be her inalienable right to not bring a child into the world as well. ...read more.

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