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Examine the design argument for the existence of god.

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Introduction

Examine the design argument for the existence of god. The design argument is based on one aspect of the universe - its apparent regularity and purpose. The universe appears to have and end or a purpose - a telos - towards which everything is working, and for which it has been designed. It may be that this has happened by chance, but the argument is based on the notion that this is less likely than it happening by design, and then therefore a designer must exist who has planned this design and overseen its instigation. Aquinas included a form of this argument in the 'Summa Theologica' in the fifth way - 'from the governance of the world'. ...read more.

Middle

Like effects presume like causes: human design points to a human designer, and hence the design in the universe points to a designer. William Paley's analogy of the watch and watchmaker illustrates the process of reasoning. He used the example of finding a watch on a heath, which could not be satisfactorily explained by saying it has always been there. Its features demonstrate purpose design and an ultimate function, and all its points unite to fulfil that purpose. Even materials used are those best suited to fulfil their function, although others could have been utilised , and even if parts appear to malfunction or if we are ignorant of their purpose, this is not sufficient to disprove that it has been designed. ...read more.

Conclusion

Art, music and the deepest human emotions are part of a complex pattern of human experience and suggest a personal, benevolent designer with a real interest in his creation. The god of classical theism would seem to fulfil this description. Richard Swinburne argued that theism is the best explanation for the design that is apparent in the universe and points not only to the order and purpose that it displays, but also to the providential nature of the universe, which contains everything that is necessary for the survival of humans and nature. This universe is one in which man is designed to occupy the highest position, and the natural laws within it function to make it a place in which man can contribute meaningfully to its development. Ellen Hooper 12DB ...read more.

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