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Examine the design argument for the existence of God.

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Introduction

Abby-Jane Hunt. 15.20.03. Examine the design argument for the existence of God. The Teleological argument-also known as the design argument is an a posteriori argument. This means that the truth of the proposition may only be known to be true after experiential evidence has been used to prove the proposition true or false. In other words, we have to experiment with the proposition before a conclusion can be drawn. The argument is based on observation of apparent order in the universe and the natural world, to conclude that it is not all the result of chance but of design. The world has such design in it, that a designer must have been the reason for such intricate details. Thereby pointing towards God. Socrates- " With such signs of forethought in the design of living creatures, can you doubt they are the work of choice or design?" In the above quote, Socrates is saying that when you look at creatures you can see that their design was planned before the actual creation process. So, by looking at this can you still say that they are simply the way they are by chance and not choice or design? There are four basic points that lay out the classical argument for design and they are: 1) ...read more.

Middle

Aquinas- "Hence it is plain that they achieve their end, not fortuitously but designedly. Now whatever lacks knowledge cannot move towards an end, unless it be directed by some being endowed with knowledge and intelligence; as the arrow is directed by the archer. Therefore some intelligent being exists by whom all natural things are directed to their end; and this being we call God." In this quote, Aquinas is saying that all the order apparent in the world is proof of a designer- this designer being God. However, the design qua purpose aspect looks at the world in relation to the ways the parts fit together for a purpose of some sort. The design is compared to a man-made machine where the parts have been fitted together for a purpose. With a mobile for instance- the parts have been designed so that they can transmit messages and calls. If the parts had simply been put together at random, then the mobile wouldn't be able to transmit messages for it wouldn't be able to function at all! William Paley- "In crossing a heath, suppose I pitched my foot against a stone, and were asked how the stone came to be there, I might possibly answer, that for anything I knew to the contrary it had lain there for ever........ ...read more.

Conclusion

1) The fact the world can be analysed in a rational manor. 2) The way in which the inorganic world provided the basic necessities required to sustain life. 3) The progress of evolution towards the emergence of intelligent human life. Tennant believed that it would be able to imagine a chaotic universe in which no rules applied, however, the universe isn't chaotic and was designed so that the evolutionary process would create an environment in which intelligent life could exist. Tennant also believed in the Aesthetic principle to prove God's existence, Tennat argued that humans possess the ability to appreciate the beauty of their surroundings. Yet such ability is not necessary for survival or development of life. Therefore this is evidence of a creator. Thereby not being a result of natural selection- evolutionary change. So, in conclusion- the design argument has a lot of proof for the existence of God. It doesn't matter what part of the argument you look at because in the end they all point towards the same conclusion. Everything in our universe has been designed to intricately for it to be chance. Why would a watch have hands if it wasn't to tell us the time? Why would a car drive unless someone had designed it to do so? Everything in our world points towards having a designer, and the only person capable of designing such products is God. ...read more.

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