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Explain Paley's argument for the existence of God based on the apparent order and design in the world

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Explain Paley's argument for the existence of God based on the apparent order and design in the world (33 marks) The basic idea of all teleological arguments for the existence of God is that the world shows an intelligent purpose based on experience from nature such as its order, unity, design and complexity. This then suggests there must be a designer to account for the purpose and order that we can see in this world. Paley's teleological argument is based on an analogy. The watchmaker is to watch what God is to universe. Just as a watch, with its intelligent design and complex function must have been created by an intelligent maker: an intelligent and powerful creator must have created a watchmaker, the universe, with all its greatness. ...read more.


Where there's a watch, Paley points out, there must be a watchmaker. Paley then went on to draw the comparison between the watch and the world of nature. A fish's eye is much larger and rounder than a mammal's eye, with a crystalline lens that's good at concentrating rays of light passed through water. As Paley wrote, "what plainer manifestation of design can there be than this difference?" Surely, if someone designed the watch, then by the same logic someone designed the fish? And the same goes for every other creature whose design is described in Paley's book. Paley's idea would have been greatly accepted apart from the fact that Charles Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection did what Paley thought was impossible: it described how apparent design in nature can arise without any hint of a Designer. ...read more.


Atoms just coming together by chance. It's remotely possible that the universe is special 'just by chance', in the same way that it's remotely possible that I could have won the lottery every week for a year just by being lucky. But since Paley was a scientist, he instaed prefered something that doesn't depend on such ridiculous coincidences. His argument was very as scientific as he could make it, one thing leading to the other. He said human belongings are products of intelligent design. The universe resembles human products so therefore the universe is a product of intelligent design. However since the universe is complex and gigantic, in comparison to human products. Therefore, there probably is a powerful and vastly intelligent designer who created the universe. Palely said this was God. Natasha De Stefano ...read more.

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