• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain the Cosmological Argument from Aquinas and Copleston There are many arguments that can he presented to prove the existence of God. In defending the faith

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain the Cosmological Argument from Aquinas and Copleston There are many arguments that can he presented to prove the existence of God. In defending the faith, however, it is useful to present a way of proving the existence of God that begins from the fact of the existence of the world. Arguments of this type are referred to as "cosmological" arguments. The term "cosmological" means "based on the fact of the cosmos." The world obviously exists, and yet cannot explain its own existence; therefore, something else must account for it. But, if we are to develop another unexplained existence of some kind, this "something else" must contain within itself, the cause of its own existence. Such an uncaused being is God. This simple statement gives the essence of the cosmological argument, but it is strengthened and made logically defensible when developed to its fullest extent. ...read more.

Middle

This is what Aquinas defined as God. Also related to Aquinas' First Way is the dependency argument, which argued that God sustains the universe. If God discontinued to exist, then the universe itself would stop existing; therefore, there must be an initiator of the change whose continued existence is depended upon, hence the dependency argument. This leads to Aquinas' Second Way (The Uncaused Causer) in which he gives the following premises: "Every effect has a cause", "Infinite regress is impossible" which he uses to arrive to this conclusion: "There must be a first cause." Everything that happens has a cause and even the cause itself has a cause but since it would be illogical to assume that the first cause has a cause, Aquinas decided that the first cause would be known as the Uncaused Causer, according to him, this was God. ...read more.

Conclusion

That is, of beings no one of which can account for its own existence. This is taken from the 1948 radio debate between Copleston and Russell: " I say that that if there were no necessary being, no being which must exist and cannot not-exist, nothing would exist. The infinity of the series of contingent beings, even if proved, would be irrelevant. Something does exist; therefore, there must be something which accounts for this fact, a being which is outside the series of contingent beings." Bertrand Russell believed that the universe is just there, and that's all there was to it. He assumes that the universe is intelligible and ultimately depends on an eternal self-existent reality. Copleston associates Russell's approach of refuting the problem to saying "If one refused to even sit down at the chess board and make a move, one cannot of course, be checkmated." ?? ?? ?? ?? Michele Dominique 13B 22.02.06 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Existence of God section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Existence of God essays

  1. Outline the key features of the Cosmological Argument for the existence of God

    it would have been impossible for anything to have begun to exist and thus even now nothing would be in existence which is absurd... therefore we cannot but admit the some being having off itself its own necessity , and not receiving it from another, but rather causing in others there necessity.

  2. "Discuss critically religious and secular ethical arguments about environmental issues"

    Augustine described natural evil as the punishment for sin and moral evil. There are of course, many other religions besides Christianity. The Quran, the holy book of Islam, teaches that "God has created every animal from water..." (Chapter 24 'Light', Verse 45).

  1. The Nature of God Religious Studies Coursework. I am going to explain, discuss and ...

    The basis for the Cosmological or first cause argument is that everything exists contingently and that everything has a cause. This cause, however, cannot be the object itself for the main reason that nothing can pre-date itself, and attribute necessary if something were to pre-date itself.

  2. Explain the Ontological argument.

    may be grounds for strengthening those beliefs, for example, the existence of morality may re-enforces the view that God is interested in morality. The unbeliever would not take up the argument solely on the its grounds. This is because the moral argument is based on logical error.

  1. Does God Exist?

    worlds, whereas a thing that is contingent may go out of existence. It is an undisbutable fact that everything contingent exists. Something cannot just bring itself into existence, since it must exist to bring itself into existence which is illogical .

  2. Clarify and explain two arguments for the non-existence of God.

    Another such atheist is Nietzsche (1844-1900), although he is unique in his comprehensive denial of God's existence. As well as Feuerbach, Nietzsche was influenced by Darwin and Shopenhauer as his existentialist outlook is peppered with the competition of survival. He believed that there was no external referent to theistic faith as humans are primarily egocentric.

  1. Examine the key features of the cosmological argument for the existence of God St ...

    This backs the cosmological theory. This is added to by Ed Miller whose theory is that if the universe is infinite it has an infinite number of series of days, the end of an infinite series of days would never be reached therefore we would never reach today.

  2. Explain how Thomas Aquinas attempts to prove the existence of God.

    1 ? The Argument of the Unmoved Mover - In his first argument, Aquinas tries to prove that God must be the cause of motion in the universe. Aquinas defines, using Aristotle?s dichotomy of potentiality and actuality, that some things are in motion and others the potential to be in motion.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work