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Explain the Cosmological Argument from Aquinas and Copleston There are many arguments that can he presented to prove the existence of God. In defending the faith

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Introduction

Explain the Cosmological Argument from Aquinas and Copleston There are many arguments that can he presented to prove the existence of God. In defending the faith, however, it is useful to present a way of proving the existence of God that begins from the fact of the existence of the world. Arguments of this type are referred to as "cosmological" arguments. The term "cosmological" means "based on the fact of the cosmos." The world obviously exists, and yet cannot explain its own existence; therefore, something else must account for it. But, if we are to develop another unexplained existence of some kind, this "something else" must contain within itself, the cause of its own existence. Such an uncaused being is God. This simple statement gives the essence of the cosmological argument, but it is strengthened and made logically defensible when developed to its fullest extent. ...read more.

Middle

This is what Aquinas defined as God. Also related to Aquinas' First Way is the dependency argument, which argued that God sustains the universe. If God discontinued to exist, then the universe itself would stop existing; therefore, there must be an initiator of the change whose continued existence is depended upon, hence the dependency argument. This leads to Aquinas' Second Way (The Uncaused Causer) in which he gives the following premises: "Every effect has a cause", "Infinite regress is impossible" which he uses to arrive to this conclusion: "There must be a first cause." Everything that happens has a cause and even the cause itself has a cause but since it would be illogical to assume that the first cause has a cause, Aquinas decided that the first cause would be known as the Uncaused Causer, according to him, this was God. ...read more.

Conclusion

That is, of beings no one of which can account for its own existence. This is taken from the 1948 radio debate between Copleston and Russell: " I say that that if there were no necessary being, no being which must exist and cannot not-exist, nothing would exist. The infinity of the series of contingent beings, even if proved, would be irrelevant. Something does exist; therefore, there must be something which accounts for this fact, a being which is outside the series of contingent beings." Bertrand Russell believed that the universe is just there, and that's all there was to it. He assumes that the universe is intelligible and ultimately depends on an eternal self-existent reality. Copleston associates Russell's approach of refuting the problem to saying "If one refused to even sit down at the chess board and make a move, one cannot of course, be checkmated." ?? ?? ?? ?? Michele Dominique 13B 22.02.06 ...read more.

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