• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain what is meant by Natural in the Natural Law Tradition.

Extracts from this document...


a) Explain what is meant by Natural in the Natural Law Tradition. The Natural Law Tradition generally believes that reason can discover an eternal, absolute moral law by examining human nature. We know certain things because we accept that there are certain rules, which are part of the universe and we work out answers with our reason, and find that other people, too, have reached the same answer. Natural Law is an objectivist approach, therefore it's a moral value and is the same for everyone at all times, and the main Christian proponent was Thomas Aquinas. Aquinas argued that God created a rationally ordered world where everything has a purpose determined by its nature. Thomas Aquinas showed how different ways of thinking could be brought together and his writings were so full of insight that they became the official views of the Roman Catholic Church. ...read more.


As well as reproducing, human beings fulfil their purpose by learning, having a role in an ordered society and to worship God. These specific purposes are purposes which we naturally tend to fulfil. General purpose of human life by the Natural Law is blessed immortality. These are known as primary principles. Reason can determine the means required to fulfil purposes of human life and there is a specific way of fulfilling these principles, so we make up rules that try to fulfil the primary principles. These are known as secondary precepts. Natural means that you find objective values by examining human nature. Everything had got a design and to fulfil a purpose, for this order and purpose is natural and for people to fulfil this nature is considered as good.. b) Natural Law is a fair way of making moral decisions. ...read more.


Thomas Aquinas took it for granted that God created the world for a purpose, but not everyone would agree with this. It assumes a lot of things that people may disagree with, such as the existence of God. Many modern thinkers such as Camus and Dawkins claim that the universe is 'absurd'; it does not have a reason and that it came by chance and not because of any particular reason. Aquinas claims that humanity and the world was created for a purpose, but even if it was, it is not self-evident what this purpose is. There is no actual proof of these purposes Aquinas tells us. Ideas about what is and is not natural change between generations, and are different in different cultures. Peter Vardy tries to see the Natural Law as something we can work with, but he says if you want to apply it to problems, its difficult. From a religious perspective, theologically, the natural law tradition has always been criticized by Protestants, it over estimates reason and under estimates revelation. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Existence of God section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Existence of God essays

  1. What does St. Thomas Aquinas consider to be the nature and methodology of the ...

    God's word is the certainty. Here I quote point (e) of the course book, and an extract from (Neuner-Dupuis, 2001.P.46- 133,). "There can be no discrepancy between reason and the dogmas of faith. The mysteries of faith are beyond reason; but, Vatican 1 argues, if they are true, then they

  2. Explain what Aristotle meant by the 'final cause'.

    The telos of a pen is to write, the telos of living things is reproduction. By reproducing, individuals can participate in divine immorality of the only sort that is available to it - immortality of the species. Everything has a desire to realize its form and therefore to achieve its purpose - its final cause.

  1. Explain what Aristotle meant by the 'final cause'.

    Aristotle's theory, however, is that the body and soul are one entity therefore death is the end of that form so the purpose for that individual must be fulfilled in life. There will be no other chance for the form to fulfil its purpose.

  2. Explain What Is Meant By Natural Law

    Putting Synderesis to use is known as Conscencia. The reason that Natural Law cannot be defied is because it can be backed up by Empirical evidence. Where as Plato believed you use logic to understand, known as A Priori, Aristotle followed the idea of A Posteriori; using physical information to decide how to live.

  1. Critically Discuss D.Z. Phillips Conception of Immortality.

    Taken that any continuation of personal identity after death seems to be dependent on some form body/soul dualism, and given the logical objections to such notions, one may be drawn into thinking that immortality is always going to be seen as rationally implausible.

  2. What is meant by the term parable?

    God is not a fad that pleases you at one time and is to be discarded when you've grown weary of him and his leadership; it is a way of existence, meant to last a lifetime. As for what is sown among the thorns, this is he who hears the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work