• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Holy Liturgy or Divine Liturgy.

Extracts from this document...


Holy Liturgy or Divine Liturgy The Orthodox tradition have a more elaborate form of the Eucharist service. Some Orthodox Christians call the Eucharist the Divine Liturgy, while others call it the Holy Liturgy or Sacrament of Sacraments. Here is an outline of a Greek Orthodox Eucharist: AN OUTLINE OF THE DIVINE LITURGY The Service of Preparation - Proskomide (bringing forth the gifts) 1. Priest's Prayers of Preparation (Kairos) 2. Priest's Vesting 3. Preparation of the Gifts a. Cutting the Pieces from the Offering Bread (Prosphron) b. Commemorations of Saints and the Faithful (living and dead) c. Covering of the Gifts d. A Prayer of Blessing The Liturgy of the Word (Synaxis) - Liturgy of the Catechumens 1. Doxological Invocation 2. Great Litany - Petitions of Peace (Eirinika) 3. Antiphons - 1st, 2nd, 3rd, separated by brief petitions 4. Small Entrance 5. Trisagion 6. Biblical Readings 7. Sermon The Eucharist - Liturgy of the Faithful 1. Cherubic Hymn and Great Entrance 2. Petitions, Confession of Faith 3. Kiss of Peace 4. The Creed 5. Offering of the Gifts (Anaphora - The Great Eucharistic Prayer) a. Thanksgiving b. Trisagion ("Holy, Holy, Holy, Lord Sabaoth") c. Words of Institution, Remembrance d. Offering of the Gifts e. Epiklesis - Prayer of Consecration f. Commemorations 6. Petitions and the Lord's Prayer 7. Bowing of the Head 8. Preparation of the Consecrated Gifts and Holy Communion 9. Benediction, Hymns and Prayers of Thanksgiving 10. The Dismissal This liturgy follows a similar pattern to the Roman Catholic mass, in that it contains a liturgy of the word followed by a liturgy of the Eucharist. ...read more.


Denominations that use these names tend to do the action as an imitation or repeating of the event of the meal Jesus had with his apostles. These names are used because these are used in the New Testament (see Acts 20:7 and 1 Corinthians 11:20). All these names reflect the beliefs and differences of the churches. In the next sections we shall look at these names in a little more detail. The Mass* In the Church of the first Christians there was a meal known as the agape meal. Christians met and brought food to share. The centre of this meal was a copying of the events of the Last Supper using bread and wine. Christians had remembered Jesus' words "to do this in memory of me". The very simple meal of the first Christians gradually developed and changed over the centuries. In the Roman Catholic Church it has developed in a certain way. The Eucharist is often known as the 'Mass'. However, it is important to remember that it is still basically a meal. The word 'mass' is a translation of a Latin word, which means 'sent'. Until 1965 the Eucharist in the Roman Catholic Church was in Latin. At the end of the celebration, the following words were said: 'Ite missa est, which means: 'Go, it has been sent' or ' Go, it is ended'. No one is sure why, but this word 'missa' came to be used to describe the whole celebration. The word 'Mass' is nowhere near as rich in meaning as the word 'Eucharist'. ...read more.


5.The Conclusion After Communion the priest blesses the people and sends them out to carry out God's work. He often says 'Go in peace to love and serve the Lord'. At this point special ministers of the Eucharist take the sacrament to those who were unable to attend the Mass. Often there is a hymn as the priest leaves the Altar. Roman Catholics believe that they must put the Mass into practice in all parts of their lives. It is important to remember that for Christians just taking part in the Eucharist is not the end. In their daily lives Catholics try to carry out Jesus' work on earth. They do this in the ways shown in the diagram on the previous page. Through their everyday lives people try to put Jesus' teaching into practice and to carry on his mission to those in need. Many people also do some kind of voluntary work through their parish to help those in need. Organisations such as the Knights of St.Columba, the Catholic Women's League, the St.Vincent de Paul Society all work in the community to help. Some parishes have created their own groups to work for particular things or to help certain people in our society. What ever the group it is important to realize that worship is not just about prayer it is also about putting one's beliefs into practice through actions. Catholics can only fully show their faith and take part in the full meaning of the sacrament if they actually do something. The Mass is a thanksgiving, if Catholics are really thankful they must use the gifts that God has given in the way he has intended us to do. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Places of Worship section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Places of Worship essays

  1. The sacrament of Holy Communion forms part of worship for most Christians - Explain ...

    The language use however has confused Christians. Some believe it actually becomes the body and blood of Christ, while some believe that it becomes the body and blood of Christ spiritually.

  2. A) How and why do Christians celebrate the Eucharist? b) ...

    have no formal organised worship, and another is the Unitarian Church who believe that Jesus was just a prophet. Despite these different views and ways of celebrating the Eucharist, Christians agree that it helps them to remember the importance of Jesus' life, death and resurrection.

  1. ''Luther, more than anyone, was to blame for the schism.''

    Erasmus was prepared to lose his life rather than renounce his allegiance to the church. However, that does not lessen the significance of the humanists' ideologies in preparing people intellectually for Luther's ideas and influencing Luther greatly to write his theses.

  2. Examine how Keane and Duffy in Season of Blood and War Photographer communicate the ...

    Most schools were religious which involved prayers and hymns in assemblies and gatherings. As you go through life religion is used for times of need and comfort, a chance to go back to your childhood in some cases and seek the security and protection you had as a child, where


    and vestry's on either side of the ministers room to leave garments, books. In a Methodist church which again is similar to the Orthodox and Baptist Churches contains and organ to be played at the beginning and end of services, a pulpit where the priest will preach and lead services

  2. Examine and comment on the attitudes of Roman Catholic and Anglican churches to Homosexuality.

    Therefore this gives the separate denominations the ability to implement their own personal based decisions on whether homosexuality is acceptable within their church or not. Obviously this means that there is going to be a number of different and contrasting views, as different dioceses will view the issue in different

  1. examine and outline the claim that luther's overriding concern was with his own salvation

    McGrath believes that it was simply an attempt at an academic debate: "The Lutheran Reformation was initially an academic movement" McGrath If Luther had really been concerned with the salvation of others at this time, he would have mentioned his own revelation.

  2. Knowledge and Understanding of belief and practise The Sacrament of Holy Communion Forms Part ...

    Worship is important in Christianity, it's defined as: 'The feeling or expression of reverence and adoration for a deity. Religious rites and ceremonies. Great admiration or devotion' In other words worship is an act of paying divine honour to God especially in religious services.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work