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How successful is the teleological argument in proving the existence of God?

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Introduction

1 How successful is the teleological argument in proving the existence of God? The question 'does God exist' has resulted in the formation of many arguments, complied by the worlds leading philosophers and theologians. These types of question are known as 'metaphysics', meaning after physics in relation to the position of the chapter dealing with metaphysics in Aristotle's book. These metaphysical question can be examined from every conceivable angle yet never be proven. The teleological argument is a 'posterior', an argument that uses human perception to prove the existence of God. The other form of argument is 'priori' which relies instead of logical reasoning and thought, the ontological argument falls into this category. This essay will attempt to evaluate whether the teleological argument is successful in its aim of proving the existence of the being we have come to know as God. The entity that philosophers attempt to astatine is the ultimate being, creator of the world and its inhabitants. The teleological argument was formed by William Paley in the 18th century. ...read more.

Middle

The world around us shows signs of order(weather patterns, tides), thus the world must have an intelligent maker. One strength of this argument is that the existence of God becomes necessary. Without a designer, humans cannot be designed, and therefore cannot exist. It also appeals to the human sense of logic, we would no more expect the components of a watch to by 'chance' fall into place and then function as an accurate timepiece; than we would expect a pig to fly. It is therefore logical that someone planned how the human body would work, how the tides would turn etc. Nevertheless there are also many weaknesses: evolution - the process by humans evolved from a single-celled organism - is more consistent with evidence. The existence of a designer is yet to be proved, however the theory of evolution has much evidence to suggest it may have occurred. Moreover, it has been suggested that our existence may have happened by 'chance'. The probability of chance would indicate that at some point, the various elements that make up this universe would fall together in the correct order. ...read more.

Conclusion

The designer has to be God, we cannot exist without 'its' design that allows us to function as we do daily. In conclusion it is clear that the existence of God is a highly debated issue. Paley stated that like a watch, humans must have a designer. Hume, like with the ontological, and cosmological has offered resistance claiming the jump between an organic and mechanistic object is too great. Yet, it is the opinion of many philosophers that Paley was a victim of his time. He complied this argument in the 18th century when a steam train was the most sophisticated technology available - he grew up during the Industrial Revolution where everything had a mechanical function. He had no concept of machines being able to adapt and change in accordance to their circumstances so it would be impossible for him to suggest it. His argument is therefore hindered by this. However, despite this lack of knowledge the teleological argument is very successful at proving the existence of God. It highlights that 'chance' played no part in the formulation of our universe, but that we are in the hands of a creator - known as God. Word Count 899 ...read more.

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