• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In this affair the agreements between science and religion are more numerous and above all more important than the incomprehensions which led to the bitter and painful conflict in the course of the following centuries

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Levi Fuli 9180757 Essay Question 2 Edu 783 "In this affair the agreements between science and religion are more numerous and above all more important than the incomprehensions which led to the bitter and painful conflict in the course of the following centuries" The Galileo Affair Alongside the Crusades and the Spanish Inquisition, the Galileo Affair stands as a dark passage in the History of the Catholic Church. The image of Galileo as an enlightened scientific visionary, throttled and broken by catholic dogma is firmly held in popular culture and symbolizes a celebrated parting of the ways between science and religion that persists even today. For many the beginning of "modern Science" is often associated with Galileo, the beginning of a pure pursuit of science, free of religious constraint. The statement above made by John Paul II in 1979 expressed a wish to look more closely at the events surrounding the Galileo affair , according to John Paul the disagreement between Galileo and the Church should never have happened and was due to a "tragic mutual incomprehension" (John Paul 1979). Faith and Science according to the Pope were not mutually exclusive or in conflict, and when properly understood can not fundamentally be at odds with each other. My interpretation of the Popes reasoning here would be based on a belief that both faith and science must be grounded on universal truth, and cannot therefore be at odds with each other, rather only a misunderstanding in the interpretation of that truth. ...read more.

Middle

If the Copernican model was true then the literal translation of these particular passages would have to be re-interpreted. One of the key points here is that contrary to popular belief Galileo did not seek to advance Science alone in the face of religion but sought rather to reconcile science with scripture. It was never his intent to separate religion from science. (Southgate 1999) Galileo chose to address this issue of scripture in a famous letter to Benedetto Castelli in which he appealed to a broader interpretation of the bible, arguing that while its true that scripture itself cannot err, its interpreters can and have done in many ways. In essence scripture was not meant to represent strict scientific fact and that the bible was intended as once quoted by a papal cardinal "to teach us how to go to heaven, not how the heavens go" (Woodward 1999) It would be this pivotal clash of religion, science and scripture that was a key issue in the Galileo affair. By encroaching into the theological stage seeking to re-interpret biblical scripture to fit copernicanism he fell into the hands of the many enemies he had made during his campaign to promote copernicanism. Politics, Epistomology: The private interpretation of scripture was a key issue against the Protestants during the reformation and there was very little tolerance of trespass in this area from even as respected a figure as Galileo. This came also at a time when the Vatican was struggling to assert its central authority. ...read more.

Conclusion

Galileo was not persecuted for his scientific findings, far from it he was feted across Europe for his work. It was in seeking to reconcile it with biblical scripture and his insistence on having Copernicism accepted as truth rather than hypothesis that led eventually to his being placed under house arrest late in his life. It was his misfortune in choosing to do this at a time when the Vatican was seeking to assert its authority and the question of scriptural interpretation was of central concern. The Galileo affair has come to symbolise a celebrated departure of faith and science, something that ironically Galileo himself as a deeply religious man, which is evident in his letter to Castelli, did not intend or want. The advances in scientific knowledge during the medieval period may in fact have been due to a catholic climate that was conducive and not obstructive of scientific research. Galileo had been wrong (yet passionate) on many occasions including his theory of tides and his dismissal of Jesuit theory of comets, it was perhaps the Church's misfortune that on this occasion, on heliocentricism, the great man had been correct. The Galileo affair was less a clash of pure science and religion, but more a complex and unfortunate interplay of personality,politics,hermeneutics,epistemology and lastly (maybe even leastly ) science!! Sources: Brecht B "Galileo" ,Grove Press,New York 1966 Gingerich O "The Galileo Affair" Scientific American 1982 Langford J J "Galileo,Science and the Church" Desclee Co,NY 1966 Southgate K "God, Humanity and the Cosmos" T&T Clark 1999 Woodward K L "How the Heavens Go " Newsweek July 20, 1998 Website Res: The Galileo Project ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Places of Worship section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Places of Worship essays

  1. Explore the presentation of the theme of religion in "Angela's Ashes"

    The impact of religion on a person's life is shown to transcend education, and become a way of life that is both worshipped and on some level feared. People in Irish society are seen to be brought up to fear defying any code set out by the church, as shown

  2. The Church, in the early first and second centuries, fought to establish itself as ...

    An enthusiastic devotion to duty, a passionate love of sacrifice, and an utter fearlessness in the defense of Christian truth, were his chief characteristics. Zeal for the spiritual well-being of those under his charge breathes from every line of his writings.

  1. The process whereby religion looses its influence over social life and society is known ...

    (Inglis, 1998: 239-240) NO However the decline in the influence of the church in the moral field is not matched by a similar decline in the religious field as a whole. If it is acknowledged that being religious is made up of two dimensions being moral and being spiritual, then there is evidence of less decline in the church in the latter field.

  2. Studies of Religion

    bring you pure olive oil for the lamp stand, so it can be kept burning continually."14 All other symbols in the Synagogue are "memorials" of times that have gone before and are often used as an attempt to replicate what may have been in the Temple of Jerusalem thousands of years ago.

  1. Ministry Project Topic Statement

    With this is mind, how are these postmodern/emerging teachers of the Gospel able to preach in such away that what would normally seem foolish but is actually being received as wisdom from Heaven? c) I believe that this project will transform the way in which we prepare and deliver our sermons at 24-SEVEN Ministry Center.

  2. The Seventh-day Adventist ReligionThe Seventh-day Adventists (SDA) religion is a fast growing religion and ...

    They take giant efforts to help all youth, Adventist or not, to succeed in not only education but also in their personal achievements. Seventh-day Adventists try to lead youth to understand their individual worth, and to discover and develop their spiritual gifts and abilities.

  1. "Calvin's success in Geneva was due to the organisation and disciplineOf the movement rather ...

    city government hostile and suspicious towards him; fired up by the captain-general, a man called Perrin, who was related to a number of leading families. The patricians were beginning to feel the lash of consistorial discipline and hated being disciplined just like the "common lot."

  2. Team Nicaragua Journal, July 7-18, 2005

    Quite a strange fellow. When the time came to finally board the plane, it started to rain outside. In fact, it began to rain so badly, that the pilot told us that we can't take off because the storm is too rough.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work