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In which ways has science challenged religious beliefs? There are hundreds of disputes since the end of the 16th century in which scientists and theologians have taught opposing beliefs.

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Introduction

In which ways has science challenged religious beliefs? There are hundreds of disputes since the end of the 16th century in which scientists and theologians have taught opposing beliefs. The main battles between religion and science are in areas in which they overlap such as the beginning of existence, which is what I will discuss first. The creation story according to Christian followers is described in genesis 1:1 to 2:3 as occurring in six days. Day 1 was the creation of light and its separation from darkness. Day 2 was the separation of the skies and oceans. Day 3 was the separation of land from the oceans spreading of plants and grass and trees across the land. Day 4 was the creation of the sun, moon and stars. Day 5 was the creation of sea animals and birds. And finally on day 6 was the creation of land animals and creation of humanity. ...read more.

Middle

Charles Darwin famously put this idea forward though he drew on the works of Thomas Malthus and Spencer. He proposed a theory of the survival of the fittest; he called the principle by which species develop natural selection. The fittest, healthiest members of the species survive, and their characteristics become a part of the character of the species. Organisms produce more offspring than can survive, there are variations between these individual offspring, they are not all alike. Some of these variations turn out to be favorable as the organism struggles to survive in its particular environment. These offspring therefore survive better than their siblings who do not have the variation. These successful variants are more attractive to potential mates, and the variation becomes an established characteristic of the species. The offspring with the variation therefore are more successful and produce more offspring themselves. Meanwhile the less successful offspring dwindle in number and eventually die out. ...read more.

Conclusion

Some scientists do not believe in the existence of one or more Gods or Goddesses. Others personally believe that one or more deities exist but assume that he/it/they do not interfere with nature. Arguments among scientists exist at the frontiers of each area of science, where new discoveries are being interpreted and hotly debated. The debates are eventually settled by evidence, debates, dialogue and consultation. However, on the other hand, religion is largely based on faith. Over 270 large religious groups in the world and thousands of smaller ones. They hold diverse and often conflicting beliefs concerning deity, humanity and the rest of the world. Many consider that their own faith is the only completely true one and they believe that the consensus of scientists and the beliefs of all other religions are at least partly false. Science challenges religious beliefs because it has evidence on its side whereas religion is on faith and religions conflict with other religions, which weakens their argument and adds weight to science beliefs. These are just some of the many arguments that science has that challenges religious beliefs. ...read more.

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