• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In which ways has science challenged religious beliefs? There are hundreds of disputes since the end of the 16th century in which scientists and theologians have taught opposing beliefs.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

In which ways has science challenged religious beliefs? There are hundreds of disputes since the end of the 16th century in which scientists and theologians have taught opposing beliefs. The main battles between religion and science are in areas in which they overlap such as the beginning of existence, which is what I will discuss first. The creation story according to Christian followers is described in genesis 1:1 to 2:3 as occurring in six days. Day 1 was the creation of light and its separation from darkness. Day 2 was the separation of the skies and oceans. Day 3 was the separation of land from the oceans spreading of plants and grass and trees across the land. Day 4 was the creation of the sun, moon and stars. Day 5 was the creation of sea animals and birds. And finally on day 6 was the creation of land animals and creation of humanity. ...read more.

Middle

Charles Darwin famously put this idea forward though he drew on the works of Thomas Malthus and Spencer. He proposed a theory of the survival of the fittest; he called the principle by which species develop natural selection. The fittest, healthiest members of the species survive, and their characteristics become a part of the character of the species. Organisms produce more offspring than can survive, there are variations between these individual offspring, they are not all alike. Some of these variations turn out to be favorable as the organism struggles to survive in its particular environment. These offspring therefore survive better than their siblings who do not have the variation. These successful variants are more attractive to potential mates, and the variation becomes an established characteristic of the species. The offspring with the variation therefore are more successful and produce more offspring themselves. Meanwhile the less successful offspring dwindle in number and eventually die out. ...read more.

Conclusion

Some scientists do not believe in the existence of one or more Gods or Goddesses. Others personally believe that one or more deities exist but assume that he/it/they do not interfere with nature. Arguments among scientists exist at the frontiers of each area of science, where new discoveries are being interpreted and hotly debated. The debates are eventually settled by evidence, debates, dialogue and consultation. However, on the other hand, religion is largely based on faith. Over 270 large religious groups in the world and thousands of smaller ones. They hold diverse and often conflicting beliefs concerning deity, humanity and the rest of the world. Many consider that their own faith is the only completely true one and they believe that the consensus of scientists and the beliefs of all other religions are at least partly false. Science challenges religious beliefs because it has evidence on its side whereas religion is on faith and religions conflict with other religions, which weakens their argument and adds weight to science beliefs. These are just some of the many arguments that science has that challenges religious beliefs. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Existence of God section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Existence of God essays

  1. Examine the claim that one day science will be able to explain everything.

    This mutation would be passed on to its offspring, which would then be born with the same genetic mutation as its parent, thus allowing the survival advantage to be passed through the generations. Over millions of years, animals with the advantageous mutations would live longer, and have a better chance

  2. Bereshit, the first word in Genesis translates to "in a beginning"

    Gowan describes how the animals "receive a blessing, unlike the previously created and the intent of the blessing is the ability to reproduce"64. This shows the compassion of God. The method of creation on the sixth day differs from the traditional formula used in the Priestly account.

  1. "A religious experince is a sponatnious or induced,mental event over which the recepient has ...

    Nonetheless in a time of crisis (such as a life or death matter) many atheists would resort to prayer as a final chance of survival, suggesting that atheists can comprehend the idea of prayer. Some would argue that surely atheists would not do such a thing if they believed prayer experiences only exist in the 'mind of the believer.'

  2. Examine the differences which may exist between a religious and scientific interpretation of the ...

    This means that science and religion are not actually in conflict, only different, and to many people this is the preferred state of affairs. Therefore it appears there are two ways in which the origins of the universe may be examined, through a religious perspective, which entails interpreting and understanding

  1. An Introduction To Science and Religion.

    A non-linear universe such as the one of described in the Steady State Theory provides a certain amount of evidence for a God which transcends time, a timeless God, outside space and time. However, a counter argument to this viewpoint is that one is approaching the existence of a timeless

  2. Discuss and evaluate the ways in which the beliefs of researchers might count as ...

    I think different researchers have different beliefs. Because different people live in different environment, they have different perception, different experience. And different researchers beliefs are influenced them differently In some area of knowledge the beliefs act as evidences. For example, the Chinese religious scientists, they believe all living things, humans, animals and plant are in cycle of

  1. Logical Positivism and the Meaninglessness of Religious Language.

    There is also another sort of meaning - the expression of people's desires that Ayer saw ethical statements as doing. But, again, Ayer continues to maintain that religious statements are not, even in principle, even potentially verifiable since God is not a part of our empirically testable world.

  2. Religion & Science'.

    God: 'So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female He created them.' (Genesis 1:27) Christianity teaches that humanity is God's special creation. They interpret that 'in his own image' probably means that God has put something of himself in the humanity that makes humans so special.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work