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Islamic Buildings

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Introduction

Islamic Building The dome of the rock The dome of the rock also known as "Mosque of Omar", "Shrine in Jerusalem" and the "rock". Is located on the Temple Mount the site of Solomon's Temple and its successors. The Dome is sacred to not only Muslims but also Jews. The Prophet Muhammad, which founded Islam, is normally believed to have ascended into heaven from this Mosque. However, in the Jewish religion it is where Abraham the first leader of the Hebrew people was prepared to sacrifice his son Isaac. The Dome of the Rock was built between AD 685 and 691 by the caliph Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan which was first built as a "mashhad" a place for pilgrims not as a place for worshipping. The dome is probably the first monumental building in Islamic history - which is appreciated because of its beauty and its architectural importance. It has many mosaisc, faience, and marble, but some were added many centuries after its completion. ...read more.

Middle

The top of the mausoleum is created by parapets over each arch and by tall rocks and domed kiosks over each corner. The inside of the Taj Mahal is made up of octagonal chamber with patterns and pietra dura, and contains the monument of Arjumand Banu Begam and Shah Jahan. Blue Mosque The Blue Mosque was built by Sultan Ahmed Cami in Istanbul. Mehmed was a royal architect for Ottoman, he worked from 1609 to 1616 on the Sultan Ahmed Cami or the Blue Mosque because of the its colour. The design of the mosque was based on the "Church of Holy Wisdom. The design itself is perfectly symmetrical, with four semidomes surrounded by a number of smaller domes. The Great Mosque The Great Mosque also called "Ummayad" Mosque" and is the earliest surviving stone mosque. It was built between AD 705 and 715 by the "al-Walid" a caliph. The mosque stands on a 1st-century Hellenic and church of St. ...read more.

Conclusion

Poetry Poetry was probably the most important part of earlier on Arab literature and is a historical evidence of the Arabs' history. Islamic prose normally rhymed especially with soothsayers- they also had many proverbs and sayings. Tales about the adventures and battle between various tribes were popular and was told and handed down from generation to generation. The style of Islamic poetry is very different to the European style- Arab literature only needs the attention from its listeners only for short periods as the prose's contains many different short stories based on broad Islamic glasswork Islamic glassmaking was influenced a lot by ancient industry in Egypt, Syria and Mesopotamia. Glass was made like pottery by treating certain materials with heat -normally sand and woody ashes with lime. After the heating and melting in a pot the "frit" (the outcome) is crushed and mixed with waste glass and melted again. Following the heating Metallic oxides are added to make the glass colourless. Finally the hot glass is shaped by blowing or moulding and decorated while it is hot or cold. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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