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Mosque and Masjid

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Introduction

Mosque and Masjid A Mosque, or Masjid is, a Muslim place of worship where Muslims go five times a day to pray their prayers in Jama'ah (congregation) behind an Imam (prayer leader). The technical meaning of Masjid is a Muslim place of worship And the technical meaning of Mosque is a Muslim place of worship The linguistic meaning of Masjid is a transliteration of the Arabic word ???????? meaning the place of Sajda ???????? (prostration). There are 2 types of Masjids: the main Masjid is called Jama'a, and is the one where the Friday prayer is performed. The Jama'as are often richly adorned. The other is called Masjid, and are local and smaller Masjids. Also anywhere a Muslim kneels down in prayer is a Masjid, even a prayer mat layed down on the side of the street is a Masjid. While Masjids can be richly adorned, they can seldom be compared to the Jama'as. While Salah can be performed anywhere, it is considered more meritorious when performed in the Masjid, i.e. together with other people. The Sunna states that Salah in the Masjid is 27 times more valuable than the one performed in the home. The first Masjid is the one in Mecca, defined as the area that surrounded the Ka'ba. But the model of an early Masjid was the Prophet Muhammad's Masjid in Medina. This was organized with a Qibla, which at first faced the direction of Jerusalem. ...read more.

Middle

In religious Islamic societies, Masjids serve social and political needs as well as religious ones. The Masjid became a forum for many public functions, serving as a law court, school, assembly hall, and even as a parade ground. Adjoining chambers often house libraries, hospitals, or treasuries. In the west it might be hard to recognise a Masjid, because there are many converted churches, homes and hotels. Regents Park Masjid (Central Masjid) is one of the main Masjid's of Britain, took over 4 years to build and cost around �6 million. This Masjid is unique in London with its originality and spaciousness. This Masjid's central position in the heart of London attracts a great number of people both from men and women as it is one of the few Masjid's that provide proper facilities for women and their infant children. It is usually the first Masjid recommended to visit for both Muslims and non-Muslims. Its educational programs for children and adults are extensive ranging from Arabic to Islamic Studies at all levels. The Masjid is also famous for its bilingual Khutba (Both Arabic and English) The Masjid has a large copper dome with many Quranic verses patterned on the inside of the dome in Islamic Calligraphy and a tall towering minaret which doesn't serve it's function as Athan is not permitted to be publicised in Britain. A very beautifully decorated brass Mihrab (niche) ...read more.

Conclusion

said: "If you see a man regulating in a Masjid then be a witness for his Eman" This Hadith leads us to thinking that the practice of regulating on a Masjid is the witness of a person's Eman (Faith) The prophet (saw) also said: "I would have wanted the Adan to be made and to ask a man to lead the prayers and then go to the people who pray at home to burn down their homes upon them" This shows how the prophet despised people who lazed out of praying in the Masjid and preferred to pray at home. On the other hand one may say that a man enters Islam by saying Lailaha Illah Allah Muhmmadun Rasulu Allah (There is no god but Allah and Mohammed is his messenger) it was not mentioned that being a Muslim stops at going to the Masjid so going to the Masjid is a choice. The prophet (saw) said: "The earth was been made for me (And my followers) a Masjid and pure." This shows that praying in a Masjid is equal and no different than anywhere else as long as the prayer is Jama'a (in a gathering) I think that it is true that prayer can be done anywhere but in a Masjid prayer is 27 times more valuable. The Masjid is also a community centre so you won't be an active part of the community if you don't attend it. Also every step you take towards the Masjid is a reward. So to be good Muslim and to earn reward one has to attend the Masjid. By Obada Sawalha ...read more.

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