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Outline and discuss that the increase in divorce over the last 30 yrs is primarily due to changes in women attitudes.

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Introduction

Outline and discuss that the increase in divorce over the last 30 yrs is primarily due to changes in women attitudes. Yes to some extent changes in women's expectations have led to high divorce rates due to many reasons. Divorce rate has changed due to society's amendments in attitudes and expectations especially in women. Sociologist argue that social expectations especially women's views in marriage have changed. Some researchers place the cause of increased divorce on higher expectations given the rates of remarriage it is not the institution of marriage or the ideology of lifelong happiness in fact life with an insufficient partner. We live in a strongly individualist society so therefore there will be instability in marriages which is based on fulfillment and commitment Functionalist like Fletcher argue that high divorce rate suggest that people value marriage very highly. This indicates people are less likely to put up with empty- shell marriages. ...read more.

Middle

Better rights, increased job opportunities and the provision of state financial support can all contribute to enhancing the position of women in conjugal relationships. Women have, in the past 100 years, achieved many new rights in terms of property, the vote, employment and education, and the rise in divorce may reflect this shift in the position of women within society and make them less willing to accept an unsatisfactory marriage. In 1946, 45% of petitions were by wives. In 1986-1990, 73% of petitions were by wives. In addition women's independence has affected divorce rates. In the mid 1990's women made up 54% of the workforce. This suggests women do no longer have to stay in unhappy marriages for economic factors. However To some extent divorce is not lead by women's expectations. But in fact changes in law. Removal of legal and financial barriers: Prior to 1857, divorce could only be obtained by Act of Parliament. ...read more.

Conclusion

Now it is more commonly thought that children are better off if parents split up so that they are not exposed to constant parental conflict. Moreover the factor of demographic change. Anderson (l983) has pointed out that lifelong marriage in the past often lasted a relatively short time. Marriage was often late and life expectancy was short. The highest risk groups for divorce are; teenage brides, couples who had children early, couples with 4 or more children, local authority tenants, and couples with relatively low income. The underlying focus is clearly the financial condition of the marriage. Clearly, part of the explanation for higher divorce rates among those married as teenagers has to be other contributory factors. Factors associated with a higher risk of divorce such as manual employment, poor housing, and sharing accommodation with relatives. In conclusion I do think divorce is increasing due to women's expectations and attitudes but on the other hand the law has made it easier to get a divorce. Nowadays it is cheaper and easier to get divorced since 1971. ...read more.

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