• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Partial Birth Abortion Ban

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Anna LaSalle 992505998 Political Science 1 Partial Birth Abortion Ban In the United States a fierce battle has been fought for years over the issue of abortion. Since the 1973 decision of Roe v. Wade which declared it unconstitutional to make laws against abortions, Conservatives have been fighting to overturn the decision, while Liberals have been fighting to retain the right to choose. In the past several years, a new issue has come up in drawing the line of abortion laws: partial birth abortions. Only a few weeks ago, President Bush signed a bill prohibiting partial birth abortions. This gives a perfect example of how our legislative process works and it will be interesting to see in the upcoming months how the law is enacted and what kind of opposition it will face, judicial or otherwise. The issue of partial birth abortions really began to come into the public sphere in 1993, when the National Right to Live Committee (a strong anti-abortion public interest group) got hold of information from Dr. Martin Haskell, an Ohio abortionist) who described in great detail how to go about performing the procedure (www.house.gov, 11/10/03.). The procedure is an abortion "...in which a physician deliberately and intentionally... delivers a living unborn child's body until either the entire baby's head is outside the body of the mother, or any part of the baby's trunk past the navel is outside the body of the mother and only the head remains inside the womb... punctures the back of the child's skull and removes the baby's brains" (web.lexis-nexis.com/congcomp, 9/30/03). The efforts to ban partial birth abortions began to really go into action in 1995 after a Republican takeover of Congress (www.lexis-nexis.com/universe/, 7/8/03). After several attempts passed by Congress but vetoed by the President Clinton, Congress has finally been successful in enacting a ban on partial birth abortions. The ban says that this act is a "gruesome and inhumane procedure that is never medically necessary and should be prohibited" (web.lexis-nexis.com/congcomp, 9/30/03) ...read more.

Middle

While the factors of ideology, electoral advantage, and legislative influence are all important factors in the reason for a sponsor to propose a policy, in the case of the Partial Birth Abortion Ban, ideology seems the most important. The Ban falls into the traditionally conservative, Republican area of Pro-Life, and therefore it seems to be a good place for a Republican to sponsor a bill. The Ban acts as a perfect example of the values of conservatism: putting order before freedom before equality. The Ban brings the order of prohibiting partial birth abortions before giving the mother the freedom to choose whether or not she wants to have the procedure. Senator Santorum (the bill's sponsor in the Senate) gives a perfect example of the conservative value of order over freedom in the case of abortion "...compare[ing] the Roe decision with the nation's one-time support for slavery, saying both placed 'the liberty rights of some over the life rights of others'" (www.washingtontimes.com/national, 9/8/03). Although the factor of ideology is most important in the sponsorship of the Partial Birth Abortion Ban, the factors of electorate advantage and legislative influence play a role as well. Any political figure is constantly looking to increase their voters support as well as their influence on other important matters in the legislative process. Sponsoring a bill gives the sponsor lots of attention: congressional attention, voter attention, and even presidential attention. This attention gets the sponsor's message out loud and clear to all audiences. This attention can be both positive and negative for the sponsor- positive for those that agree with what the sponsor is proposing, negative for those that do not agree with what the sponsor is proposing. In the case of the Partial Birth Abortion Ban, those that agree with the ban, especially those that are pro choice, are affected positively in two ways. First of all, this gives them an advantage when they are up for reelection because their supporters will want to vote for them. ...read more.

Conclusion

I can't imagine going to all that work to get a bill passed and then having to start over from scratch because the President vetoed the bill. Ideology played a major role in the passing of this policy. The ideology of the bill was strongly conservative, as was the ideology of the men who sponsored the bill. The ideology brought in the voice of many public interest groups, some who held the same ideology, and others who had completely different ideology. I didn't realize how important ideology was until researching this bill. Conservatives were adamant that this bill had to pass because partial birth abortions were morally wrong (www.house.gov, 11/10/03). Liberals were on the opposite end of the spectrum saying that by passing the bill they would be infringing upon constitutional rights (www.aclu.org, 10/21/03). I found it amazing how two groups of people could have such completely opposite views on the same policy. I also found it interesting how much the three branches of government worked to pass the bill. Congress proposed and passed the bill, the President signed the bill, and the Supreme Court has the power to overturn the bill if they find it unconstitutional. Each branch of government has their chance to make some sort of impact on the bill at some point in the process which is good but also makes the process a lot slower. This bill was proposed in February of this year and was not signed by President Bush until November! That is almost a year of working to pass the bill! All in all, I was very impressed by the amount of work that goes into making a bill into a law. Often times our government system is criticized for the lengthy process of policy making, but I believe it is for our benefit. The more each proposal is scrutinized, the more likely it is to be a success. Learning more about the policy making process made me realize that the framers had the right idea when crafting the constitution and we have had many successes because of it. 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Abortion and other medical issues section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Abortion and other medical issues essays

  1. A Heavenly Sent Birth.

    I relaxed my mind, with the thought that maybe she had gone to do a bit of shopping in 'Spinneys', which was in close proximity. Deciding to change, and have a bath, I headed for my bedroom, hoping, that by then she would have made it home.

  2. Free essay

    Human growth and development-Conception to Birth

    The eyes open for the first time. * Week 27- is very active e.g. kicking and moving around, and weighs around 500g and is 33cms long. Third trimester * Weeks 28-32- the foetus rapidly grows to about 1700g and is about 35cm long.

  1. Abortion is a highly controversial topics, everyone has an opinion on it, whether you ...

    He also says that person hood shouldn't always be associated with being human as chimpanzees show signs of this, so are they human? If we look at Mary Anne Warren she argues that its birth rather than earlier signs of life that show personhood is when you should consider a

  2. Is the law on abortion in this country in a satisfactory state at present?

    views: They say abortion is permissible, but they feel that it is up to the woman to make the choice whether she is to have an abortion. Catholic: Governor Mario Cuomo of New York among them, as he made explicit in his well-known speech in 1984 at Notre Dame University

  1. Beloved - Summary of major characters

    in defeat, went "to bed to think about the colors of things." It is not until the end that Paul D discovers the colors of the flowers in Sethe's yard. The implication is that these men and woman wish not for harsh differences in race, but III. Themes developed V.

  2. The Chamberlain Case -

    It had only reluctantly let go when her mother had forcefully chased it away. The last area of the defence case to be covered, was the evidence of their scientific experts. Barry Boettcher was first. Unfortunately, he was not as experienced in the giving of evidence in a courtroom and

  1. In this essay I will only focus on the religion of Christianity and its ...

    During vacuum aspiration artificial dilation of the cervix in pregnancy carries the risk that the cervix will be damaged and will be insufficiently tight to contain a subsequent pregnancy, so the mother runs the risk of miscarriage or premature delivery next time she is pregnant.

  2. Too posh to push - Are high profile stars encouraging a worrying trend towards ...

    Almost 80% of all caesareans ended in death for both the mother and child. From the 1900's however the mortality rate had dropped dramatically to between 6-10%. Evidently the caesarean section has a very long history but it is only in the last 100 years or so that and with

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work