• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Priya Modi L6H

Extracts from this document...


Priya Modi L6H December 11, 2005 a) For what reasons might suffering cause problems for the religious believer b) Outline two possible solutions to these problems and comment on their success Suffering can be defined as the individual human experience of evil. The cause of suffering is ascribed to what is defined as evil. There are several types of evil; evil can firstly be distinguished between moral evil and natural evil. Moral evil is evil which arise from the responsible actions of groups of individuals who cause suffering or harm. They include such things as stealing, murder and lying. Natural evil is evil which arise from events which cause suffering but over which human beings have little control over such as earthquakes and disease. Further groupings of evil can be made, such as physical evil which refers to pain itself and mental anguish and metaphysical evil which refers to imperfection and contingency as a feature of the cosmos. In this essay I will be writing about problems that may be raised up for a believer in evil and suffering. The key point to this problem I will be looking at is the classical concept of God and how it is inconsistent with evil and suffering. ...read more.


As previously mentioned evil and suffering would be a problem for a believer as it cannot be solved by claiming God does not exist which is how some people react, this explanation would not be adequate for the believer. Lastly evil and suffering may also cause problems for a believer as natural evil could question whether God has designed the world as if God designed it, why would there be faults such as earthquakes and volcanoes. There are two possible solutions to the problem of evil and suffering, the Augustinian theodicy and the Irenaean theodicy. A theodicy is an attempt to a solution of the problem of evil without denying God's omnipotence or omnibenvolence or the reality of evil. It shows how God is justified in allowing evil. The Augustinian theodicy is known as the soul-deciding theodicy. Augustine's thought on evil and suffering is found in his work The Confessions and The City of God. The most important point of Augustine's theodicy is that God cannot be blamed for creating evil as evil is not a substance but it is a 'deprivation' and therefore God would not create a deprivation. "All God has made pleased him" Genesis 1, Augustine emphasized in this as suffering and evil were therefore unknown. ...read more.


His view on that everyone should go to heaven seemed unfair and therefore calls God's justice into question. It would also make moral behavior pointless. Another key weakness is that perhaps we need a bit of suffering but do we need suffering to the extent of such events of the holocaust were 6 million people died, wouldn't a million be sufficient enough? However to this weakness, Hick replies that evil and suffering id part of the process and the process needs large amounts. The third problem that has been raised up is that what's the point of death is if the process continues into the afterlife. In reply to this Hick argues that our death and that of others is the biggest challenge on Earth. This is part of the process and makes the ultimate reward better. This theodicy also suggests that Gods work is imperfect which would be hard for believers to accept. In conclusion both theodicy's have it strengths and weakness. Personally In my opinion both are quite weak as they have more weaknesses then strengths. The Irenaean theodicy contradicts Gods qualities as he says God made an imperfect world so this theodicy would not be sufficient for a believer. Augustine portrays God as well as being unjust as he is punishing others for Adams sin. However I think Irenaeans' theodicy is more successful as it is more modern views and is optimistic. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Existence of God section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Existence of God essays

  1. Good and Evil

    when there is an absence of human wish, which leads to an immoral action; this means it can be a type of evil that humans implement unwillingly. Thomas Aquinas stated that because God is 'infinitely good' to allow evil there must be no god, so his point was that evil is not real and it only exists in our minds.

  2. Present the strengths and weaknesses of Augustine's and Ireneaus' theodicy

    will and freedom to take the matters of the earth into their own hands. God cannot control what happens in the world after he had finished creating such thing, so he cannot get blamed for the tragedies and bad events that happen.

  1. Persuasive Writing on the Holocaust

    All the pain and agony was not even thought for by Hitler and some Nazi officials. The holocaust reflects on how poor humanity was at that time. If there were good people like Oscar Schindlers a lot of people wouldn't have died because if people united against their country it

  2. Explain how natural evil may be seen as a challenge to belief in God ...

    he can easily stop it, and if he is all-loving and he cares for us why doesn't he stop it instead of putting us through all that trauma? This is a theological problem, as it challenges the nature of God.

  1. What do religious believers mean by the 'problem of suffering?' Select any two ...

    Our aim is therefore to grow towards the likeness of God. We are transformed through free responses, and suffering is a challenge evoking such a response and development of character.

  2. Evaluation of Augustine's Theodicy.

    Augustine's reply to this is that the malfunctions are from the choices made by angels and humans. Angels fell away from God tempting Adam and Eve into the Original Sin. All subsequent evil is a result of this. Natural evil, such as floods and earthquakes, are fitting punishments for breaking away from God because human action destroyed the natural order.

  1. Discuss the Problem of Evil

    is not one theodicy I agree with most, but instead it is the combination of all three theodicy?s that gives me a basis on which I can conclude the existence of this God As a born Muslim, my faith has lead me to believe in the Iranaean theodicy and the free will theodicy as these two are arguably very similar.

  2. The Holocaust - personal response to Anne Frank's diary and the problem of evil ...

    This further proves that there was a major contradiction. It is evidence like this and facts of history that show an accurate account of what it was like in camps, and if the Jews religious beliefs were still intact. It is easy to see, that they were not.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work