• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Sabbath. Every week, Jews have a day of rest called Sabbath or Shabbos

Extracts from this document...


Every week, Jews have a day of rest called Sabbath or Shabbos; it begins at sunset on Friday and ends Saturday night until three stars appear in the sky. Sabbath is a day for Jews to rest and are forbidden to do any work because its holy day, not just a day off. They are forbidden to do work so they can devote themselves to prayer and to study the torah. By resting on Sabbath, Jews show their belief that god created the world, and rested on the 7th day, as they rest on Sabbath, they see themselves imitating God. Sabbath is also used as a way for the family to spend quality time together after a week of working and of school. Reformed Jews believe that it is up to each individual person to decide whether to follow the prohibitions on Sabbath or not, for example some reformed Jews may find cooking or writing do not count as 'work' and do not follow some of the rules of Sabbath. Orthodox Jews generally follow the rules strictly, and accept them all. Melachot is the name given to the 39 prohibited activities on Sabbath, they aren't so much activities but more like categories of activities, some people are confused by some of the prohibited activities for example lighting a fire, we can make fire by using matches or a lighter or rubbing to sticks together, but it also includes turning on a light because that means producing fire in a light bulb. ...read more.


Many parts of the daily Preliminary Morning Service are said by congregants at home before coming to synagogue, or else silently on arrival. They then have morning blessings of thanksgiving, followed by blessings and psalms ending with the song of Moses. They then recite the Shema, it is an affirmation of Judaism and a declaration of faith in one God. The obligation to recite the Shema is separate from the obligation to pray and a Jew is obligated to say Shema in the morning and at night. After the Shema, the Amidah is recited followed by the torah service, also known as the standing prayer. This is when the scrolls are carried around the synagogue and the week's portion of the torah is read. This is followed by the reading from the prophets, the Haftarah. Then Aleynu, this is praises to God, then psalms and hymns. Finally Kiddush again, said over wine and challot. After the morning service, the families then return home and spend the afternoon quietly together. The Sabbath concludes in the home with Havdalah (separation) service. A special candle is lit and a blessing is said over wine. Then a spice box is passed around by everyone so that the sweetness of Sabbaths remains with them for the following week. 'blessed you are, Hashem, our God King of the universe, who creates special fragrance'. A blessing is then said over the lit candle and then this prayer 'blessed are you, Hashem out God, king of the universe, who separates between holy and secular, between lights and darkness, between Israel and the nations, between the seventh day and the six days of labour. ...read more.


Having a day laid aside for Sabbath, being a Saturday means it cause difficulty for Jewish children to find a weekend job where they only work on a Sunday. This wouldn't of been such a problem a few years ago, but as the Jewish population has shrunk, it means there is less of a understanding about the Jewish culture and the religion. It also means businesses run by Jewish people may lose out on business as they close a Saturday which is could be a busy day. A main negative for Jewish teenagers is that they miss a day to go out with friends and go shopping etc. They also miss Friday night which is a popular time to go out with a group of friends or go to parties with friends. This also leads to another effect, which could be either negative or positive depending on their own view, if a Jews birthday lands on a Saturday it may mean they couldn't celebrate by going out if it was a milestone birthday like their 21st. It could be a positive as they would already be spending time with family, and celebrating a birthday on a holy could be special to them. The different effects of observing Sabbath may not affect everyone at once, but may at different stages of their life, and different effects will have more of an impact on different people. To say one of them has the greatest impact would be a hard choice as they affect everyone differently. 'It strengthens the Jewish family to share religious rituals in the home' During Sabbath, the family spend a lot of time together preparing for the day and observing it together. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Judaism section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Judaism essays

  1. Pesach is the biggest of the three pilgrim festivals, along with Sukkot and Shavuot ...

    God decided a suitable punishment for the Pharaoh and his people would be, what turned into, 'the 10 plagues'. These were; all the water in Egypt turned to blood, swarms of frogs, swarms of gnats, swarms of flies, disease in livestock, bodily boils, torrential hail, locusts, darkness and the death of each firstborn child of the Egyptian families.

  2. Describe the celebration and significance of the Jewish Sabbath. (24) The ...

    On the Sabbath afternoon, as the Jews are not allowed to do work including making clothing and completing work, they spend their time relaxing or going to the Synagogue for a service where the Torah would be read. After a relaxing time at home, it is time to say goodbye

  1. : Explain how observing the Sabbath every week might affect the life of a ...

    Modern Jews are slightly more flexible. they may stay at home instead of visiting the synagogue, and would perhaps engage in some activities such as changing the light bulb if it went out or use electricity.

  2. The Orthadox Synagogue

    The synagogue is a place where people come to explore and learn more about their religion. The Rabbi will be willing to answer any questions about the faith; for example what God approves of. He will also rule on matters concerning the Jewish law such as if a certain food is Kosher or Trefah according to the Kashrut.

  1. Y Synagogue: "Ty cwrdd, Ty Gweddi, Ty Dysg"

    Mae hyn gallu bod yn gostus i rai ohonom. Mae hi'n hawdd dathlu y gwyliau o fewn y cartref felly mae mynd i'r synagog dim ond yn rhoi mwy o straen ar deulu iddewig. Mae galw ar Finyan i fod yn bresennol ym mhob gwasanaeth yn wneud y peth yn hollol ffals.

  2. Describe and explain the ways in which the Sabbath is observed in the Jewish ...

    They are known as the Songs of Ascent. These Psalms are relevant because they relate to the Creation and Shabbat is the day of rest after the Creation. Since the winter is associated with creation, this is an appropriate time to say these psalms.

  1. Describe some of the different ways in which the Sabbath is observed in Jewish ...

    "I shall sing to Hashem for he is exalted above the arrogant, having hurled horse with its rider into the sea..." - Exodus 15:1-18. The congregation must stand as the rabbi removes the Sefer Torah (the Torah that is written on parchment)

  2. What does the word 'synagogue' mean and how did synagogues come into being?

    The prejudice Jews have faced throughout the ages means that they rely strongly upon each other, and many orthodox Jews choose only to associate with other Jews. The social aspect of the synagogue is a focal point for the community.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work