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Sabbath. Every week, Jews have a day of rest called Sabbath or Shabbos

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Every week, Jews have a day of rest called Sabbath or Shabbos; it begins at sunset on Friday and ends Saturday night until three stars appear in the sky. Sabbath is a day for Jews to rest and are forbidden to do any work because its holy day, not just a day off. They are forbidden to do work so they can devote themselves to prayer and to study the torah. By resting on Sabbath, Jews show their belief that god created the world, and rested on the 7th day, as they rest on Sabbath, they see themselves imitating God. Sabbath is also used as a way for the family to spend quality time together after a week of working and of school. Reformed Jews believe that it is up to each individual person to decide whether to follow the prohibitions on Sabbath or not, for example some reformed Jews may find cooking or writing do not count as 'work' and do not follow some of the rules of Sabbath. Orthodox Jews generally follow the rules strictly, and accept them all. Melachot is the name given to the 39 prohibited activities on Sabbath, they aren't so much activities but more like categories of activities, some people are confused by some of the prohibited activities for example lighting a fire, we can make fire by using matches or a lighter or rubbing to sticks together, but it also includes turning on a light because that means producing fire in a light bulb. ...read more.


Many parts of the daily Preliminary Morning Service are said by congregants at home before coming to synagogue, or else silently on arrival. They then have morning blessings of thanksgiving, followed by blessings and psalms ending with the song of Moses. They then recite the Shema, it is an affirmation of Judaism and a declaration of faith in one God. The obligation to recite the Shema is separate from the obligation to pray and a Jew is obligated to say Shema in the morning and at night. After the Shema, the Amidah is recited followed by the torah service, also known as the standing prayer. This is when the scrolls are carried around the synagogue and the week's portion of the torah is read. This is followed by the reading from the prophets, the Haftarah. Then Aleynu, this is praises to God, then psalms and hymns. Finally Kiddush again, said over wine and challot. After the morning service, the families then return home and spend the afternoon quietly together. The Sabbath concludes in the home with Havdalah (separation) service. A special candle is lit and a blessing is said over wine. Then a spice box is passed around by everyone so that the sweetness of Sabbaths remains with them for the following week. 'blessed you are, Hashem, our God King of the universe, who creates special fragrance'. A blessing is then said over the lit candle and then this prayer 'blessed are you, Hashem out God, king of the universe, who separates between holy and secular, between lights and darkness, between Israel and the nations, between the seventh day and the six days of labour. ...read more.


Having a day laid aside for Sabbath, being a Saturday means it cause difficulty for Jewish children to find a weekend job where they only work on a Sunday. This wouldn't of been such a problem a few years ago, but as the Jewish population has shrunk, it means there is less of a understanding about the Jewish culture and the religion. It also means businesses run by Jewish people may lose out on business as they close a Saturday which is could be a busy day. A main negative for Jewish teenagers is that they miss a day to go out with friends and go shopping etc. They also miss Friday night which is a popular time to go out with a group of friends or go to parties with friends. This also leads to another effect, which could be either negative or positive depending on their own view, if a Jews birthday lands on a Saturday it may mean they couldn't celebrate by going out if it was a milestone birthday like their 21st. It could be a positive as they would already be spending time with family, and celebrating a birthday on a holy could be special to them. The different effects of observing Sabbath may not affect everyone at once, but may at different stages of their life, and different effects will have more of an impact on different people. To say one of them has the greatest impact would be a hard choice as they affect everyone differently. 'It strengthens the Jewish family to share religious rituals in the home' During Sabbath, the family spend a lot of time together preparing for the day and observing it together. ...read more.

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