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Science And Religion.

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Introduction

cos�mol�o�gy n. pl. cos�mol�o�gies 1. The study of the physical universe considered as a totality of phenomena in time and space. 2. a. The astrophysical study of the history, structure, and constituent dynamics of the universe. b. A specific theory or model of this structure and these dynamics. Religious Studies Science And Religion A.I Cosmology is the word given to the study of the origin and structure of the universe. Christians have two accounts of how the world began. One was written in Genesis chapter 1, and the other is written about in Genesis chapter 2. In Genesis chapter 1 it is written that on the first day God created heaven and earth, light and dark. On the second day he separated the earth from the sky. On the third day God created the dry land, plants and the trees. On the fourth day he created the sun, moon and the stars. Then on the fifth day the fish and the birds were created. Then on the sixth day he created animals and humans. On the final day God is said to have rested and looked down on his creation. According to Genesis chapter 2 God first created the heavens and the earth. From the dust of the earth God formed man, God breathed life into him and so 'Adam' had come alive. Out of the ground god made trees and formed the Garden of Eden. ...read more.

Middle

Evolution is when primitive basic forms of life such as amoeba develop through the process of natural selection, (That the most suitable evolvement for the surrounding environment will reproduce and become a new species). This theory claims that humans are the evolved forms of animals, an animal that for over 2.5 million years has evolved into the humans that we see around us. This differs to cosmologies from Christianity and Islam, as it believes that there was no maker of what we see around us. Rather that it happened by chance. Compared to religious views that show a 'God' to be the one that created everything. Also the two stories differ in the time scale that the whole process was supposed to take. In the religious cosmology God takes 6 days to create the universe this contrasts to the scientific cosmology as it takes billions of years for the universe to be created. A.III The science cosmology can be seen as supporting the religious cosmology as many of the things God did to create the universe can be referred to in the science cosmology. For instance when God said 'let there be light' (Genesis: 1). It could have been a reference to when the Big Bang happened. Also the order that the events happen in the Holy Scriptures matches the order that the scientists believe happened in evolution. ...read more.

Conclusion

'Science is based on everything having an explanation and religion says that God is the explanation'. Science and religion often use the same methods to prove something. Scientist would see things happening in the world, and think up a theory for why it happens. The theory is then tested. In the same way if a person claims to be a prophet sent from God, religious experts would test them to see if they match previous prophets, by looking at the lifestyle. Many scientists have been lead to the awareness of God though the study of the universe. Many look at the structure of DNA and think that it is to complicated and beautiful to have been an accident. Many mathematicians think that the whole world works on mathematical principles that can be discovered through research. If there are principles hidden in the world, who put them there? God must have put them there. Although science is a lot easier to prove than religion, they both rely on belief and experience. A scientist will test to prove that things do not happen by chance, by using his experience of science. A religious person believes in God and then tests that belief by their experience in life. 'Nature is as divine a text as the Holy Scriptures. They can't be in real contradiction to each other.' Galileo 'Science without religion is handicapped: Religion without science is blind. ...read more.

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