• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Hajj

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

HAJJ Ai) Muslims think of their faith as a temple for God, held up by five pillars, called arkan. Each pillar of the temple represents a duty the Muslims perform as part of their faith. These are the five pillars: Shahadah - the profession of faith `I witness that there is no other God but Allah, and Muhammad is the prophet of Allah.' All Muslims think that this is the most important part of their faith. The words are whispered in the ear of newborn babies, so they are the first words they hear. They are the last words said by Muslims who are dying, if they are able to speak. These words also form part of the 'Call to Prayer', called from the minaret by the muezzin. Salah - prayer five times a day Muslims pray five times a day. Prayers can be said in any clean place, but Muslims pray together in mosques. On Fridays male Muslims are expected to go to the mosque for the noon prayers. When it is time for prayer, Muslims will stop what they are doing to pray. Zakah - almsgiving Every year, Muslims give a certain amount of their money to charity. It usually amounts to about 21/2% of a Muslim's annual savings. If they do not give money, they will be cheating Allah and refusing help to those who need it. Saum - fasting in the month of Ramadan Ramadan is the ninth month in the Muslim year. During this month, most Muslims will not eat or drink during the hours of daylight. Hajj is the fifth pillar. It is the pilgrimage to Makkah. Every Muslim who can afford to is expected to visit Makkah at least once in their life. For Muslims, this is a most holy place. during the twelfth month, around 2 million people visit Makkah. Aii) All Muslims are expected to do Hajj at least once in their lifetime. ...read more.

Middle

They accepted that if it was God's will it had to be done. The family set out for Mina, the place of sacrifice. On the way, the devil appeared in human form and used various reasonable arguments to persuade Ibrahim the dream was not genuine. Ibrahim ignored him and picked up stones to throw at the devil and drove him away. This is why Muslims throw stones at the three columns. In a barren, waterless desert, God tested Hajar and Isma'il, Ibrahim's second wife and son. They were dying of thirst. Hajar ran between the tops of two hill, Safa and Warwah, seven times to see if she could spot a camel train that had water. At last, when all of her hope had gone, except that of God, the angel Jabrill appeared and showed her a spring at the feet of her suffering child. This is the spring now known as the Zamzam well. Pilgrims now run backwards and forwards seven times between the two mountains, and then drink from the well and give water from it to their friends and families. When Muslims perform their prayers, they always face in the direction of the Ka'bah. Wherever they are, they will stop to pray and they will know which way to face. If they are near a mosque, there is a special place in its walls to show them which way to face. Away from a mosque, some Muslims use a prayer mat with an inbuilt compass. The spiritual meaning of Hajj is to make the pilgrim feel at one with God. When they perform the tasks, they know they are repeating the actions of significant people in their belief. When they are on the mountain, meditating for a day, they feel especially close to God. Bii) Nowadays, there are several problems that arise from taking Hajj. When it was established, there were fewer Muslims in the world. Now there are millions more. About 2 million people visit Makkah in the twelfth month. ...read more.

Conclusion

Some Muslims still walk between place of worship. By exploring the way you feel inside about your faith, you know that is how you truly feel about a religion, without being swayed by others, or by looking at a 'holy spring' or some such other miraculous object, and thinking 'well, if this is truly a miracle then there must be a God', you will feel how you do and it will be an honest belief. Many people, of all religions, feel that Pilgrimage has got too commercial and overcrowded. One reporter described going to Bethlehem as 'Like going to Disneyland.' An inner pilgrimage would be free of commercialism and overcrowding, but may still have the same positive effect on a person. I agree with aspects of both of these arguments. Pilgrimage literally means a 'journey to a holy place'. This could mean a country far away, or it could mean a journey to your chosen place of worship, which is a holy place in itself. However, it does not necessarily have to be a journey to an actual place, it could be a journey inwards, or a journey through life. The word 'Pilgrimage' was created with both a mental and physical journey in mind. If people feel they should go on a Pilgrimage to be cured of an illness, or forgiven for a sin, or to help reaffirm their faith, then they should. However, if they know that they don'' need to go, they feel devoted enough already, then that should be accepted. I don't agree with Pilgrimage being compulsory, like it is in the Muslim faith, because it should be up to the individual to decide if they need to go. If it were not compulsory, then Makkah would be less crowded, and therefore feel more holy to those who do feel they need to go on a Pilgrimage. Many people, of all religions, feel that Pilgrimage has got too commercial and overcrowded. One reporter described going to Bethlehem as 'Like going to Disneyland.' ?? ?? ?? ?? Flora Howard 10G ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Hajj section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Hajj essays

  1. Free essay

    What is Hajj?

    For most, the journey strengthens and confirms their commitment to Islam. After Hajj, a Muslim is more likely to be more courteous to people in general, and more at ease with life. Once a good Hajj is completed, the afterlife should be more peaceful and happy.

  2. Describe why a Muslim might take part in Hajj and what this involves?

    Secondly, the cost of the journey is incredibly expensive; including clothes and flights it can come to between �1500 and �2000. Many people save up for years until they can afford it, and often families join together to pay for just one person to go.

  1. Religious Education Hajj Coursework

    If a Muslim cannot go on the Hajj themselves, for any particular reason (including illness, lack of money and funds, unavoidable circumstance, protection of others, expectant mothers) then it is the Niyyah shown by Muslims that counts. Niyyah is the intention, and the person who cannot go on the Hajj

  2. b) Explain why some Christians go ...

    go, to give thanks or express love, faith or belief to/in God, to visit a sacred place described or mentioned in the Bible or finally for atonement. They want to enhance their prayer and focus on God and they believe going on pilgrimage does this.

  1. The Hajj

    the water as they say is it holy and has special healing powers. Muhammad, the most recent of the prophets had also helped restore the Hajj into tradition by reinstating the Ka'bah back to what he believe was its purpose, which was a house of worship to Allah.

  2. Describe What happens during Hajj ...

    Whilst there they gather to perform all five prayers, beginning with the Zuhr prayer and, ending with the Fajr prayer. Day 2 The next morning (9th Zul Hijjah) pilgrims gather on the plains before Mount Arafat, and stand there from noon till sunset in prayer and meditation.

  1. RE Course work, Hajj

    * Things at home must be kept clean you must clear your debts, and be sure there is enough money at home for your family to get by whilst you are gone. ( It is not permitted to take out a loan, it should not be gained dishonestly, or by means that are considered unacceptable in Islam, such as gambling.)

  2. What is Hajj? Describe and Explain why a Muslim would take part in the ...

    After sunset there is a rush (nafrah) to Muzdalifah. In Muzdalifah they perform combined night (isha) and delayed sunset (maghrib) prayers at al-Mash'ar al Haram. The worshippers then spend the night as Muzdalifah. The third day named 'Day of Sacrifice' (Yawm an Nuhr) starts with another trip to the al-Mash'ar al Haram to perform dawn (Sawm) prayers.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work