• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Revival of Virtue Ethics

Extracts from this document...


V I R T U E E T H I C S The Revival of Virtue Ethics - Virtue ethics begun to come back into popularity in 1958, when Elizabeth Anscombe wrote an article arguing that the concept of moral rules and of moral obligation is flawed. She attacked the principles and traditions of Utilitarianism, which both set out principles for people to follow, and principles which look at the morality of different actions, rather than the character of the person. - Anscombe argued that the idea that we have to keep rules makes no sense unless people believe in God. ...read more.


Phillipa Foot went further by setting out the reasons for her support of virtue ethics, arguing that although virtue cannot guarantee happiness, it can be an important part of achieving it. She uses example of Thomas Aquinas and Kant to prove it is not a new way of approaching ethics, but part of a tradition with a long standing amongst respected thinkers. - Alisdair MacIntyre and Richard Taylor are two modern philosophers who continue promoting virtue as a new direction in ethics. - In Alisdair MacIntyre's book 'After Virtue: A study in Moral Theory' he puts forward a strong case for adopting aretaic (virtue) ...read more.


- However, Richard Taylor in his book 'Ethics, Faith, and Reason' he writes that philosophical ethics have been corrupted by religion, he says that the use of reason is essential for ethics but that religion has led people away from reason, by insisting instead on the need for faith and for blind obedience to a 'divine command'. He supports a move away from concepts of absolute 'right' and 'wrong'. He says if everyone is equal, there is no point in striving to be good as the rewards will be the same in heaven. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Ethics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Ethics essays

  1. Aristotle - Virtue Ethics Essay

    It is favourable in some ways to solving moral dilemmas because it is rational, consistent and utterly impartial because Kant does not look favourably upon the role of emotion in the making of moral decisions.

  2. Religion and Medical Ethics

    Islamic lawyers have banned all other types of embryo technology (AID and Surrogacy), because they deny the child's right to know its parents. This, in the eyes of Muslims, is equivalent to adoption and adultery (zina) which is strictly banned in Islam.

  1. Virtue Ethics

    MacIntyre agreed with her. James F. Keenan shows the virtue theory in three questions. Who am I? Who ought I to become? How do I get there? It suggests a way in how we should live our lives to become a better person.

  2. Different religious and philosophical views on controversial topics.

    Comic relief Comic relief is when most charity is given in the UK. This should be an inherently good thing; however, should we need events like this to spur out charitable nature. Surely charity should be a natural human instinct?

  1. Explain how Aristotle and Alasdair Macintyre applied Virtue Theory to moral decision making?

    Therefore reason involves understanding and responding, which is why it is so closely linked to eudaimonia, as practical reason is linked to happiness. If reason is not present when making moral decisions, the wrong decisions will be made, and as such the individual will not be happy.

  2. A classmate has cheated. You have seen him/her. Discuss the several elements from a ...

    Again, cheating during the exam strongly against his/her own duty of being a student since he/she obviously did not prepare properly before the exam. Furthermore, the student also fail to be responsible to others by disappointing the parents and disrespecting the teachers and the school regulation.

  1. “Discuss therelevance of management ethics in a modern business context”.

    The FBI advised them to take no action yet they decided to withdraw the contaminated drugs from the market, at a huge expense, in order to protect the public. Johnson and Johnson took the decision to be socially responsible because their firm has a conscience.

  2. Explain how Meta-Ethics differs from Normative Ethics.

    In the sentence, 'A good person', adds something to the person, but creates a similar affect to adding 'tall' or 'small'. A good example is of a knife. A knife can be described as a good knife, which is better than a bad knife, but when we say 'good' more

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work