• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Shabbat (Jewish Sabbath, holy day)

Extracts from this document...


The Shabbat (Jewish Sabbath, holy day) The Sabbath (or Shabbat as it is called in Hebrew) is one of the best known and least understood of all Jewish Observances. Although to those who are not of the Jewish faith it is thought of as a day of prayer - similar to Sunday in Christianity - to observant Jews it is a lot more. It is considered a gift from God that is looked forward to throughout the week. 'In the beginning..... And on the seventh day God finished the work which He had been doing and He ceased on the seventh day from all the work which He had done. And God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because on it God ceased from all the work of creation which He had done. (Genesis 2:1-3) This is, in a way, the first Shabbat. Jews believe God wants them to keep one day holy the way he did when he stopped creating. Jews observe this by taking one day a week to rest, pray and stop working and celebrate it as a gift from God. ...read more.


The table is set and a large pot of food is ready on the stove to save the mother cooking on Shabbat. On the table, with the meal, are two loaves (Challah) under an embroidered cloth. There is a goblet for blessing the wine. (Bread and wine were important in Jewish temple worship). There are two candles in candlesticks. The mother has the honoured tradition of lighting the candles. She does this with her head covered. She warms her hands over the flames, making a beckoning motion over the flames (to welcome in Shabbat, which is regarded as a person). She covers her eyes and recites the Kidoosh (blessing) and prays for her family. Then the meal is shared and enjoyed between the entire group. The food prepared beforehand is kept warm throughout Shabbat on a Blech Plate, which is simply a plate heated just enough to keep it warm without cooking the food further. The Laws of Shabbat There are altogether 39 laws of Shabbat, which basically summarise to forbid any sort of work on Shabbat, for example no pulling, no carrying. ...read more.


It is the highlight of the week in the synagogue. The Rabbi will read from the Torah, which is the first five books of the bible (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy) but written in Hebrew. The service will usually include a talk (or sermon) from the Rabbi and perhaps a study or discussion of the torah. Services for children are offered quite often in synagogues so the children can study the torah as well. Shabbat services often have a Bar mitzvah being held after or before the service. There are also Shabbat services at the synagogue on Friday nights, but often just the men of the house attend his whilst the women and girls stay at home. How Does Shabbat End? The end of Shabbat arrives on Saturday sunset. It is marked by Havdalah. This is bidding farewell to Shabbat until next week. It is permitted to light fire again, so a plaited candle is lit and everyone smells the sweet spices in a spice box and the pleasant smell spreads through the house. This is a symbol of the hope for peace until next Shabbat. After the blessing, the candle is put out by dipping it in a cup of wine. Kate Foister 10G Mrs Brignell GCSE R.E ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Judaism section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Judaism essays

  1. Being Jewish in Britain today

    To avoid boiling 'a kid in its mother's milk', they would have to have two parts of kitchen, one for dairy products and another for meat and they are not allow to eat meat and dairy products together or within half an hour.

  2. Sabbath. Every week, Jews have a day of rest called Sabbath or Shabbos

    Although traditional Jewish liturgy contains three Services per day, the Sabbath Morning Service is considered by many to be the main Service of the week. it provides an opportu´┐Żnity for Jews to gather in celebration of the Sabbath. The service includes the traditional daily prayers, and have additional prayers included.

  1. Y Synagogue: "Ty cwrdd, Ty Gweddi, Ty Dysg"

    Rheswm arall sydd yn ei gwneud hi'n anodd i Iddewon addoli yw'r pellter daearyddol sydd rhwng eu cartrefi a'r synagog agosaf. Mewn cymdeithasau bach, mae'n ofynnol i gael Minyan, sef deg dyn sy'n cynnal gwasanaeth. Profai hyn efallai'n anodd lle nad oesllawer o deuluoedd o fewn cyraedd y synagog yn rheolaidd.

  2. Sabbath, Jewish Day of Rest.

    The Sabbath is the time to think of ideas, of improving our lives as individuals and as members of a larger community. The Jewish family has the responsibility of making the Sabbath a day of happiness, an occasion for a happy family reunion, reading books of Jewish interest.

  1. Describe some of the different ways in which Shabbat is observed in Jewish homes ...

    Later in the evening the whole family sit down together for a meal. They use their best cutlery and crockery for Shabbat. The man of the house recites kiddush (a prayer) over a cup of wine that is symbolic of the joy of the Sabbath and also chants a longer blessing in thanksgiving for the holiness of the Sabbath.

  2. The Shabbat is a festival, which is celebrated from sunset on Friday night until ...

    The life of a young Jew may by the Sabbath in many different ways. They would not be allowed to go out or socialize with friends on a Friday night and sometimes not on a Saturday night either. They would not be able to join any clubs, which meet or practice on a Friday or Saturday.

  1. Describe some of the different the ways that the Sabbath is observed in Jewish ...

    The people referred to are biblical people. He will then turn to his wife and say "a woman's value is that of above rubies". This caring statement to her completes the bonding session. During this time the whole family devote all their time to each other, spending time to love, which is the main aspect of Shabbat.

  2. What are the key elements of Shabbat?

    naturally spiritual nature which enables them to welcome the spirit of Shabbat into the home. Women also have the responsibility of blessing, separating and burning a small piece of the challah dough in thanks and remembrance of God. (Katz) In addition to this the women also cook the kosher meals on Shabbat.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work