• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Shabbat (Jewish Sabbath, holy day)

Extracts from this document...


The Shabbat (Jewish Sabbath, holy day) The Sabbath (or Shabbat as it is called in Hebrew) is one of the best known and least understood of all Jewish Observances. Although to those who are not of the Jewish faith it is thought of as a day of prayer - similar to Sunday in Christianity - to observant Jews it is a lot more. It is considered a gift from God that is looked forward to throughout the week. 'In the beginning..... And on the seventh day God finished the work which He had been doing and He ceased on the seventh day from all the work which He had done. And God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because on it God ceased from all the work of creation which He had done. (Genesis 2:1-3) This is, in a way, the first Shabbat. Jews believe God wants them to keep one day holy the way he did when he stopped creating. Jews observe this by taking one day a week to rest, pray and stop working and celebrate it as a gift from God. ...read more.


The table is set and a large pot of food is ready on the stove to save the mother cooking on Shabbat. On the table, with the meal, are two loaves (Challah) under an embroidered cloth. There is a goblet for blessing the wine. (Bread and wine were important in Jewish temple worship). There are two candles in candlesticks. The mother has the honoured tradition of lighting the candles. She does this with her head covered. She warms her hands over the flames, making a beckoning motion over the flames (to welcome in Shabbat, which is regarded as a person). She covers her eyes and recites the Kidoosh (blessing) and prays for her family. Then the meal is shared and enjoyed between the entire group. The food prepared beforehand is kept warm throughout Shabbat on a Blech Plate, which is simply a plate heated just enough to keep it warm without cooking the food further. The Laws of Shabbat There are altogether 39 laws of Shabbat, which basically summarise to forbid any sort of work on Shabbat, for example no pulling, no carrying. ...read more.


It is the highlight of the week in the synagogue. The Rabbi will read from the Torah, which is the first five books of the bible (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy) but written in Hebrew. The service will usually include a talk (or sermon) from the Rabbi and perhaps a study or discussion of the torah. Services for children are offered quite often in synagogues so the children can study the torah as well. Shabbat services often have a Bar mitzvah being held after or before the service. There are also Shabbat services at the synagogue on Friday nights, but often just the men of the house attend his whilst the women and girls stay at home. How Does Shabbat End? The end of Shabbat arrives on Saturday sunset. It is marked by Havdalah. This is bidding farewell to Shabbat until next week. It is permitted to light fire again, so a plaited candle is lit and everyone smells the sweet spices in a spice box and the pleasant smell spreads through the house. This is a symbol of the hope for peace until next Shabbat. After the blessing, the candle is put out by dipping it in a cup of wine. Kate Foister 10G Mrs Brignell GCSE R.E ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Judaism section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Judaism essays

  1. a detailed account of Jewish food laws and origins

    bread and therefore may be eaten with either. After eating meat, a Jew should wait six hours before consuming milk produce (in England it is three and in Hungary it is one). This is done because meat, particularly fatty residues, tends to stay in the mouth for a period of time.

  2. Describe some of the different ways in which the Sabbath is observed in Jewish ...

    For Orthodox Jews, some of the rules inside the synagogue are more strict; women and men are separated during the service so Jews may be able to concentrate wholly upon God and his worship. On the return from the synagogue the family spend time together, either listening to stories or reading Chumash, which is the printed Torah.

  1. Being Jewish in Britain today

    To avoid boiling 'a kid in its mother's milk', they would have to have two parts of kitchen, one for dairy products and another for meat and they are not allow to eat meat and dairy products together or within half an hour.

  2. Sabbath. Every week, Jews have a day of rest called Sabbath or Shabbos

    own blessing, and amen is only said after a blessing or prayer if one person recites on behalf of everybody else, then the reply with Amen. Immediately after washing hands, the head of house uncovers the two challah loaves and lifts them up and recites Baruch atah Adonai, Elohaynu, melech ha-olam ha-motzi lechem min ha-aretz.

  1. Describe the celebration and significance of the Jewish Sabbath. (24) The ...

    Some Christians today live more hectic lives with the need to work to provide security for their families.

  2. The Shabbat is a festival, which is celebrated from sunset on Friday night until ...

    Writing is forbidden which means homework and office-work is not allowed to be done. This is not such a bad thing for Jews as it gives them some time off, it can be a bit of a hassle because it takes up time out of their Sunday as they have

  1. Describe some of the different the ways that the Sabbath is observed in Jewish ...

    The bonding part is over and it is time to serve the wine. The wine is blessed and poured into a cup (after the meal) that is called the Kiddush cup. This is a large cup, which is ornately decorated in silver.

  2. What are the key elements of Shabbat?

    Men also have responsibilities on Shabbat. As Rabbis are primarily male, they are in charge fully of the services held at the synagogue because they are the traditional leaders. Also the eldest men in households are given the responsibility of reciting the blessings and prayers that are performed throughout Shabbat, for example the blessing of the wine and challah.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work