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The term poverty is widely used to describe situations that are unacceptable and about which needs to be done - a. explain the causes of poverty in the UK, and b. Discuss the effects of poverty on individuals and families

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The term poverty is widely used to describe situations that are unacceptable and about which needs to be done a. explain the causes of poverty in the UK (12) b. Discuss the effects of poverty on individuals and families(18) a. Poverty is a situation in the UK which ultimately can not be avoided, there are many causes of poverty such as debt, physical and mental health issues, low pay, unemployment and poor education. Personal debt is a growing problem, which is causing poverty to become an increasingly common problem across the UK as a whole. As debt builds up and interest increases the amount due becomes harder and harder to pay off, until eventually the government may take this into their own hands ad begin to reposes goods in order to pay of the debt. ...read more.


There has been a significant growth of the amount of people employed in the UK over the past few years but many of the new jobs have been part time and under paid. In 1996, 260,000 people entered employment of which 63% were part time. Chancellor Gordon Brown, recently claimed that there were 1,000,000 unemployed and 1,000,000 vacancies and insisted that if only the unemployed took up the opportunities created there would be no unemployment. These unemployment statistics show poverty will continue to reoccur and that unemployment is a major cause of poverty. In 1996 it was estimated that almost a quarter of employees in Great Britain earned less than �4 per hour and in 2001 2,000,000 adults over the age of 22 were paid under �4.30 per hour. People who are low paid can also be vulnerable to unemployment, and are often lower paid if and/or when returning to work. ...read more.


The result of poverty can often lead to drug abusers, alcohol addicts, violence in domestic and other situations. Children in poverty driven families can be bullied at school for being different and more diverse, they may appear different as they cannot keep up with the 'trends' and new fashions like the other children. Poverty can also increase risk of anti-social behaviour in teens across the UK. Children may not have the same obligation to want to learn and classroom behaviour could affect their growth as a person as well as the other children's around them. As well as affecting the family in a superficial way, poverty can increase chances of divorce within a family leaving a single parent. "Single mothers, black children, and those living below 150% of the poverty index were much more likely to be in poor or fair health than children in two-parent families, white children or those in more affluent families." (Am J Public Health. 1996 Oct;86(10):1401-5) ...read more.

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