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GCSE: Places of Worship

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  1. Describe the main features of a church.

    The Lectern: is often shaped like an eagle. As an eagle is believed the word of god being carried around the world, eagles are symbolised to be standing upon earth also it's symbolic of raising the word up to God and God raising his followers "on eagle wings". The purpose of a lectern is for the bible to be placed upon. It's used for services and when the bible is being preached. It's a stand from which the word is read by a member of the laity or minister.

    • Word count: 2401
  2. A place of Muslim worship.

    The musulta, as well as contributing to the Islamic decoration, provides a clean environment for the worshipper to perform salat. At the entrance, or in the courtyard if the mosque is large, there will be a place for washing. Many mosques are completely covered with a roof, often crowned by a dome, which symbolizes the universe and helps to magnify the voice of the Imam. The muezzin sounds the call to prayer five times a day (a Muslim crier) from a tower called a minaret, which is part of the mosque.

    • Word count: 2245
  3. Holy Liturgy or Divine Liturgy.

    A difference is that the Liturgy of the Eucharist (known also as the liturgy of the faithful) is conducted by the priest behind the Iconostatis. The liturgy is celebrated in the Church every Sunday, the Day of the Lord, as well as on feast days. Unlike Roman Catholic Churches, the Eucharist is not always celebrated each day. In fact during the weekdays of Lent the orthodox tradition do not have a Eucharist. This is because the Eucharist remembers the resurrection and is a joyous event.

    • Word count: 2775
  4. Titus Salt.

    In 1849 Salt became Mayor of Bradford, showing his local importance. Bradford was seen, at the time, as the 'City of the Industrial Revolution'. In 1790 there seemed to be little hope for future growth in Bradford. A little over half a century later Bradford had become the acknowledged woollen and worsted centre of the world. The opening of the Leeds and Liverpool Canal and its extension to Bradford In 1774 enthused coalmining in the area and led to the development of an inspired iron industry in a distinct belt to the south of the town, vital steps in Bradford's progress.

    • Word count: 2697
  5. The Roman Catholic Church that was visited was built in 1932 and was of a typical style of many buildings built at that time.

    These "stoups" contained holy water (consecrated water that would be used in baptism and confirmation) which you would dip your hand into and make the sign of the cross across your body. Font: Ahead of the entrance and past the stoups there was the font which was spherical and the main body was made of a brown shade of marble and stood on a dark brown marble plinth. The font stood on five small marble pillars, one central one and four around the outside, the central one was of the same colour as the rest of the font but the other four were of black marble.

    • Word count: 2273
  6. Were abuses the source of the Reformation?

    Today, scandal is the biggest factor in sales within the media, human nature of today is not that dissimilar to that of people's during sixteenth century, similarly it is not dissimilar to that of those historians who have studied and commentated on the reformation. Thus when examining evidence, one must take into account that any abuse by the church may have been blown out of proportion Richard Hunne is a prime example of an anticlerical martyr, he refused to pay mortuary fees to the church upon his son's death, and was subsequently found hanged in prison, the prime suspect being the man who imprisoned him; the bishop chancellor.

    • Word count: 2504
  7. The Orthodox Church

    The Orthodox Church claims to be the one, true church of Christ. Orthodox thinkers debate the spiritual status of Roman Catholics and Protestants, and a few still consider them heretics. The Orthodox have experienced more brutal and lasting persecution than any other Christian body. The outbreak of World War II, some 50,000 Orthodox priests were martyred. Orthodox worship can last two or more hours. Since Orthodox churches do not usually have pews, worshipers variously stand, kneel, and lie prostrate, depending on what the liturgy calls for.

    • Word count: 2533
  8. The Mosque

    Allah is most great, Allah is most great. I testify that there is no god except Allah. I testify that there is no god except Allah. I testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. I testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. Come to prayer! Come to prayer! Come to success (in the life and the Hereafter)! Come to success! Allah is most great. Allah is most great. There is no god except Allah. (Morning prayer) Prayer is better than sleep. Prayer is better than sleep." The times that adhan is made is set by the sun.

    • Word count: 2154
  9. The Sacraments - Marriage

    2. That marriage is a relationship based on a faithfulness which is plain for all to see." Now we come to the inward and spiritual grace of the marriage that is provided by the marriage vows. This is the most important part of the marriage ceremony; the spoken words are the main sign in the Sacrament. The couple declare their love for each other before God, the priest and the whole Church. God brings grace and strength to their marriage through this declaration. Speaking the words not only not only expresses the love of each partner to the other it also strengthens it.

    • Word count: 2160
  10. Holy Communion

    The churches of the Catholic tradition accept these two plus five others. It is known under the following names: Eucharist, holy communion, the Lord's supper, the breaking of bread. Christians differ in their views of the Eucharist however all correspond in that it is the sign of the new covenant devised between God and "his" followers. The old covenant between God and Israel was created when God freed the Hebrews from slavery in Egypt. They accepted God as their ruler in return for obeying his laws and becoming a people specially dedicated to him.

    • Word count: 2820
  11. 'On the whole, religious beliefs have done more to stimulate change than to hold it back.' Discuss

    using the example of Islam, you would need a completely different set of arguments to support the claim one way or the other. There is one school of thought that would firmly believe that religious beliefs have done much more to hold back scientific change than to stimulate them. There are many cases in history were the Catholic Church has actively tried to silence people who have tried to publish works on scientific subjects. This suppression has come from the Catholic Church, who saw that any increase in scientific knowledge went against the scriptures and teachings of the Church.

    • Word count: 2753
  12. The unrest caused by the religious wars and thereformers exaggerated church with the devil in Europe, stirred up arenewed fear of witches among Protestants and Catholics.

    much smaller than the hipbone of an itch mite and may you become so small that you become nothing (Middle Ages 169). After the Black Plague began, which was said to have caused great devastation to everyone throughout Europe in 1347-1349, and that this appalling disaster was the cause of the forces of evil and its demonic powers (Meltzer 25). Meltzer also mentioned that witches could kill people by magic; they could ruin harvests and crops and cause people to go mad.

    • Word count: 2121
  13. Marriage - Explain how the rituals and vows connected with Christian marriage might influence the differing ways that couples approach marriage and marital breakdown.

    In the seventeenth-century, the main reason for marriage was so that the couple could have children. The other reasons were, for sex and for companionship, in that order. The order of importance has changed and now, what is thought of as the main reason for marriage, is companionship. Then it is for sex and finally for the couple to have children if they want to. Many couples feel that the peak or best point in their marriage is having children. Marriage is not always easy and needs a lot of commitment, responsibility and un-selfish love. Many people think of marriage as being a partnership for life.

    • Word count: 2011
  14. In this affair the agreements between science and religion are more numerous and above all more important than the incomprehensions which led to the bitter and painful conflict in the course of the following centuries

    It was also the "truth" he was seeking in hoping to show that the Galileo incident when laid bare would reveal that the Church had not in fact been the puritanical rejecters of science for which this case had become symbolic. What were the issues between religion and science in the Galileo affair? Science, Ptolemy and Copernicus: At its core lay a new paradigm in thinking about the cosmos which was radically different from what had been believed since the time of the Egyptians and Greeks.

    • Word count: 2581
  15. How accurate is the statement that the eleventh century saw ‘a great religious revival’ in England, and to what extent were the Norman responsible?

    There were abuses, too, among the clergy. Simony, all but explicitly banned in the bible, was widespread, chiefly in the subtle form of bishops allying themselves with a particular faction, making appointments a political issue - Stigand was especially infamous for this, as his Godwin family connections won him an almost unprecedented level of ecclesiastical power; archbishop of Canterbury while remaining bishop of wealthy Winchester. The less subtle form of simple bribes, though less documented, was also rampant. Equally prevalent was clerical marriage. Although, unlike Simony, this restriction derived from biblical interpretation rather that direct scriptural prohibition (the criticism of the Nicholaite priesthood condemns them only for fornication), by the eleventh century the practice was almost universally accepted as being at least compromising.

    • Word count: 2216
  16. Select one of the Christian rites of passage and explain the differing ways it is celebrated in Christianity

    The exchange can also represent a pledge to share and exchange both their physical and spiritual goods, a pledge of eternal love and devotion. After the Exchange of the rings the priest leads the couple in procession into the middle of the church. The priest chants Psalm 128, "Blessed is everyone who fears the Lord, who walks in His ways..." This psalm is one of the "Psalms of Ascent" sung by Jewish pilgrims on the way to the Jerusalem Temple.

    • Word count: 2885
  17. Worship R.S. Coursework

    It is unusual because of the layout for a cathedral. Figure 1.1 shows the layout of the cathedral and figure 1.2 is a photograph from inside. Although the layout and format of this cathedral differs from others, the item used for worship and the style of worship are the same. In the middle of the circular cathedral is the slightly raised sanctuary. This is the most important part in any Roman Catholic Cathedral. In the sanctuary are all of the most important items in Roman Catholic worship. On the bishop, his helpers and the priests are allowed on the sanctuary, which raises them close to god and in a position where the whole congregation can see them.

    • Word count: 2551

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