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What are the Teachings of Christians and Jews towards Justice and Punishment?

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Introduction

What are the Teachings of Christians and Jews towards Justice and Punishment? The main aims of punishment, in this country, are to reform the criminal and therefore make them a normal addition to society. It should deter criminals from committing a crime in the first place, and it should protect society from the criminals. In addition, it should vindicate- uphold the law, and punish the criminal for their crime. Christians are told not to judge, as only God is just enough to judge. In Genesis 1:26-28 we can see this: 'Let us make man in our image, in our likeness, and then let them rule over the fish of the sea and the birds in the air, over the livestock, over all the Earth, and over all the creatures that make along the ground.' This extract could mean that if you judge someone, God would judge you. Also, in Matthew 5:9 ('Happy are those that work for peace; God will call them his children') we can see that Christians believe strongly in peace and happiness for everyone, and that if you are peaceful you will be seen as Godly. Christians also believe that everyone should at least have the chance to reform, and that is what is wrong with the justice system today- It does not reform the people that it should be helping. ...read more.

Middle

In addition, if anger is felt, the sin has not been forgiven, and if you do not forgive someone else's sins God will not forgive your sins. A Christian would never want retribution, because retribution shoes a lack of forgiveness. The best example of forgiveness in the Bible is where Jesus was faced with the woman caught in adultery. Instead of punishing her, he forgave her, but also told her to make sure that it did not happen again. Jesus was surrounded by people who were ready to judge the woman, and Jesus said to them that if they had never sinned, they could judge her. Jesus believed that only someone as just as God is able to judge, and so the people surrounding Jesus could not judge the woman, and she was forgiven. Another example of Jesus showing his forgiveness is when he is on the cross and he forgiveness the people who put in on the cross. He says a prayer, in which Jesus asks God for their forgiveness because they do not know that this is wrong. Jesus is forgiving the very people who want to put him to death. Jews believe that crimes should be punished, as they believe that punishment is the best way to reform the criminal. ...read more.

Conclusion

This shows how much power is placed in the Rabbis from God. God has given the Rabbis the power to judge another human being, and have the option to kill, without being seen as sinning. This story also shows that if something was not popular with the "normal" Jews, (i.e. Not Rabbis), the Rabbis were afraid to practice it. This shows how much power the majority has. In the New Testament, there is a passage that goes along the lines of: Forget what I said about an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth; the way to please God is to forgive those who sin. This passage tells Christians to forget what is written in the Old Testament, and follow what is written in the New Testament- The idea of forgiveness. Therefore, no Christian would believe that capital punishment should be re-introduced into this country. They would believe in forgiving the criminals and would try to reform these criminals. Both Christians and Jews believe in The Sanctity Of Life. This is the belief that life is sacred, and God gave us life, so only God has the right take it away, and by taking life, you go against God. Also, in Genesis God created man in his image, and by killing someone you are defacing the image of God, which is a great sin. ...read more.

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