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What does the word synagogue mean and how did synagogues come in to being?

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Introduction

What does the word synagogue mean and how did synagogues come in to being? The word synagogue means a meeting place the synagogue is a Greek word for meeting or an assembly. The synagogue can also be called shul, which is a Yiddish word for school, because the synagogue is also a place to learn as well as meet and socialise and pray. The synagogue also helps Jews to share their problems and talk about their issues with their community and discuss them. Other names reflect its function too, for example it may also be called a Beth hatefilla (house of prayer) as it is also a place to go to worship and stick to the commandments of the torah. It is also known as Beth ha-hneset (house of assembly) and Beth ha-midrash (house of study) as Jews go to the synagogue mostly to study the torah. Jews also go to the synagogue for celebration, for example a lot of festivals and prayers, such as Yom Kippur. The first evidence of the synagogue is as far back as the third century BCE, this was not a synagogue but a temple founded in Egypt in Palestine. ...read more.

Middle

He uses additional symbols, called Trop or Ta'ameem. Like vowel points, they appear above or below the letters, and they act as musical symbols, indicating which of the several melodies should be used. The symbols can found in many printed editions of the Torah. There are different tunes for the Torah (Books of Moshe) and Haftarah (Prophets), and each of the writings. When not in use the torah is wrapped up in either silk or a velvet cover to protect it and symbolise its great importance. The Sefer torah includes the first five books of the Jewish scriptures of Moshe Rabaynu (Moses our teacher), which are: Genesis - Bereishit Exodus - Shmot Leviticus - Vayikra Numbers - Bamidbar Deuteronomy - Devarim The torah is written by hand with a special pen called quills many quills are used, A special quill is used only for G-d's four letter name. The ink is made up of a blend of powdered gallnuts, copper sulphate crystals, gum Arabic, and water. The torah is written on large peaces of Kosher Parchment called Klaf, the parchment comes from a kosher animal, this normally being a goat, bull, cow or deer. ...read more.

Conclusion

of natural water from the rain or rivers the water does not come from a tap, this is so as to feel like the water is alive and pure. The women only mostly use the mikveh, a women will use the mikveh at 3 occasions these being: * Before the women gets married to purify herself ready for the holy ceremony. * After a period before the women can have sex again with her husband, this is because a woman's period is thought to be dirty and unhygienic so she has to purify and cleanse herself and rid herself from all the dirtiness. * A women also uses the mikveh after the birth of a baby as the women feels dirty due to a lot of people touching and looking at her during child birth, so she attends the mikveh to purify herself. A man shall use the mikveh on Yom Kippur (day of atonement) but also a male orthodox Jew shall also attend a mikveh on the day of the Sabbath. When in the mikveh the person must be fully naked and have there body totally submerged into the water. The whole set up of the synagogue is based on how things were set up in the temple before its destruction. ...read more.

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