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Biotechnology and Genetics

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Introduction

Biotechnology and Genetics Essay Introduction The question that we will be answering in the essay is:- "What impact does biotechnology has on today's society"? Biotechnology is a technique that is use with living organisms, or parts of organisms, to make or modify products, or to improve plants or animals, or to develop micro organisms for specific uses. Biotechnology's long term promise also contains elements that are affecting human beings. Worrying about global population growth and stress on natural resources means there is a great need to not only improve production on currently cultivated land but also to begin growing food on the uncultivated land. Biotechnology promises to be the new and improved wave of the industrial change produced after the Second World War. The green revolution, promised to grow higher crop yields through a chemically controlled environment, biotechnology hopes to do the same by changing the mode of control from principles of chemistry to principles of biology. In order to answer the question I will discuss the positive and negative sides of this technology and the five different concepts of it, after doing all the research on biotechnology, I will give my own opinion on: what I think about biotechnology? ...read more.

Middle

This supported the theory of premature senescence, although Dr. Dai Grove-White of the Faculty of Veterinary Science at Liverpool University was reported as saying, "Conceivably arthritis could be due to the cloning but equally it could not be. For all we know, she may have damaged her leg jumping over a gate and developed arthritis." Super Bug: Antibiotic resistance is the ability of a micro-organism to withstand the effects of an antibiotic. It is a specific type of drug resistance. Antibiotic resistance evolves naturally via natural selection through random mutation, but it could also be engineered for the purpose of creating bio-weapons. SOS response of low-fidelity polymerases can also cause mutation via a process known as programmed evolution. Once such a gene is generated, bacteria can then transfer the genetic information in a horizontal fashion (between individuals) by plasmid exchange. If a bacterium carries several resistance genes, it is called multi-resistant or, informally, a super bug. Antibiotic resistance can also be introduced artificially into a micro-organism through transformation protocols. This can be a useful way of implanting artificial genes into the micro-organism. Super-weed: Pollen from genetically modified crops can travel at least three kilometres to contaminate neighbouring crops, according to a new study in commercial fields. ...read more.

Conclusion

Biotechnology can be used for good purposes and could give us profit but on the other side there are very negative sequences. I think that cloning is a very good subject and could be used for cloning various things and give us a lot of profit. It has also reduced the hunger in the third world countries. IVF treatment is a good method for couples who cannot give birth to a child naturally, and I do agree with it at a certain level. I think selective breeding is also an excellent method as it can give much more profit to the farmers with a good quality product. GM food is a good technology which can help to prevent world from hunger. Evaluation I have completed and researched a lot about each of the topics given. I have used internet for my research. I have used WIKIPEDIA website which is quite famous and have accurate information as it is viewed by many people. I have also used other website which might not be so accurate so I think the overall information is reasonable, not very accurate and not very inaccurate as well. Bilal Nasir Unit 6 11 DDC Science ...read more.

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