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Diseases linked with obesity

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Obesity is when you are overweight in terms of your height and weight. Obesity is caused by a large energy intake. Overeating means large amounts of energy have been consumed and the extra energy is store as fat. This will cause obesity. Diabetes Diabetes is caused by high sugar levels in the blood. Normally the extra sugar is broken down by insulin. The insulin breaks down sugar into glycogen. If the pancreas does not produce enough insulin the kidney cannot breakdown the sugar and this means high sugar levels in the blood and diabetes. Obese people take in large amounts of energy and sugar as they eat. This means their sugar levels are high and change rapidly. As the sugar levels fluctuate rapidly the pancreas has to work harder to produce insulin. This means that the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin and the kidney will be unable to break down the sugar into glycogen. The chart shows the relation between obesity and diabetes. If you have diabetes, your body can't control how much sugar is in your blood. Your body makes a hormone called insulin to keep your sugar levels steady. Having too much fat on your body can stop insulin from working normally. So sugar builds up in your blood. ...read more.


and when the heart is at rest (diastolic pressure). Everyone has a different blood pressure and it can change in the same person during the day and night. Blood pressure can be measured using a sphygmomanometer (a hand-pumped arm cuff) and stethoscope or by a digital machine and it is written down as one number over the other like a fraction, for example: 120/80. The top number is the systolic pressure (heart beat) and the bottom number is the diastolic pressure (heart rest), and both numbers are important. High blood pressure is known as hypertension in medical terms and refers to high pressure in the arteries. A blood pressure reading of 140/90 is the level used to diagnose high blood pressure. If your blood pressure is consistently raised at these levels and above, it will need to be treated. This may involve making changes to your lifestyle and taking medication. If it is not treated then you will be more likely to have a heart attack, stroke, eye damage, and heart or kidney failure in the future. Almost one in three adults in the US and UK have high blood pressure making it a major health concern. ...read more.


Energy drinks commonly include caffeine and other ingredients which boost energy and awareness. Some contain high levels of sugar, or glucose while most brands also offer an artificially sweetened version. Often manufacturers add a very small dose of a powerful stimulant such as carnitine, but the doses of these add-ins are usually so small that any added "boost" is purely psychological. These drinks are aimed at teenagers and active people like those who play sports. Energy drinks are beverages like Red Bull and Lucozade, which contain large doses of caffeine and other legal stimulants like ephedrine, guarana, and ginseng. Energy drinks may contain as much as 80 mg of caffeine, the equivalent of a cup of coffee. Compared to the 37 mg. of caffeine in a sprite, or the 23 mg. in a Coca-Cola can. Energy drinks' stimulating properties can boost the heart rate and blood pressure, dehydrate the body, and, like other stimulants, prevents sleep. Rising consumption of energy drinks that contain high levels of sugar and caffeine may be contributing to the rise in obesity. An energy drink containing sugar, added caffeine and guarana causes the body to convert sugar into fat more rapidly than lemonade. When the caffeine combines with the sugar in energy drinks it is converted into fat a lot quicker. ?? ?? ?? ?? Jai Malhi-10P ...read more.

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