• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Effects of smoking on an Individual and on the Socities Health.

Extracts from this document...


Effects of smoking on an Individual and on the Socities Health A cigarette is composed of a rolled up piece of paper containing chopped tp tobacco pieces. it usually has a filter at the end so that the smoke that is taken in is less toxic after it is filtered. a cigarette is not only composed of tobacco it also contains 3% nicotine and different additives like humectants and sugars are added to make it easier to inhale. How does smoking effect on individuals health? The most common chemicals that are know and cause disease are Tar is an aromatic compound and it is carcinogenic (cancer causing). Tar gives the brown colour to the smoker's lips, teeth and fingers. Carbon monoxide is caused by the incomplete combustion of carbon in the tobacco. Carbon monoxide attaches to the haemoglobin and does not allow the oxygen to attach to the haemoglobin. This reduces the oxygen that receives the blood by up to 10%. As less oxygen is available to the body the person feels tired and breathless. ...read more.


Antibiotics are needed regularly to cope with frequent infections in the damaged tissue. Different types of diseases that are caused by smoking are heart diseases, atherosclerosis.peripheral vascular disease. hypertension,chronic bronchitis, emphysema, lung cancer, NORMAL LUNG LUNG WITH CANCER laryngeal cancer, oral cancer, esophageal cancer, bladdder and kidney cancer, stomach cancer, cervical cancer, haematopioteic cancer and respiratory infections. LUNG WITH EMPHYSEMA The person who smokes he is not only affected by the smoke of the cigarette. the smoke cuming from the side stream is much more harmful and poisonous because it has not been filtered like the main stream is filtered by the brown filter that is attached to one end of the cigarette. People that are around the smoker are at a higher risk of breathing more toxic wastes in their blood stream as the are braething in more toxins. Pregnant women who smoke have a higher risk of miscarriage and their childern have a higher risk of lung cancer and developing respiratory diseases. the children donot recieve enough oxygen from the mothers blood because the carbon-monoxide from the cigarette attaches to the haemoglobin and does not allow the oxygen to bind with tghe haem group. ...read more.


People that have other illnesses have to wait an awful long time untill they can be treated because their disease is not life treatning. Smoker's put themseleves in such a situation and should not be allowed treatment untill they stop smking. A lot of money is wasted by industries tobuy tobacco from other conutries inorder to make cigrattes. the money the is used to buying the tobacco can be put to good use like for research for diierent diseases. Children are unaware of the risks of smoking and they start smoking because of peer pressure. they also start smoking because they think they look cool. Teenagers start using match sticks, lighters and cigrettes which can causes severe fires and damage to buildings if care is not taken. This also puts innocent lives at risk. The nicotine in the cigarette slows down the functioning of the brain so the smoker gets very aggresive and ajitated if he / she does not obtain the nicotine. The smoker has mood swings and his brain cannot function properly because stimulation is required that is recieved by nicotine. 98% of those people that have coronary heart disease die because they smoke cigrattes these deaths can be avoided if people stop smoking. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Humans as Organisms section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Humans as Organisms essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The Advantages and Disadvatages of Designer Babies

    3 star(s)

    families with a history of obesity or other health related issues coming from birth. If you design your baby, rather than risk its chances of developing these health issues, you will be granting it a healthier life. Who can say who can and who cannot decide for their own child, especially if it is possibly the right option!

  2. Should the cloning of humans be allowed?

    I used the author's explanation of therapeutic cloning because it was explained in a scientific way and looking at other explanations in the books I looked at and internet articles, it did not contain any bias. Source 6: The Rough Guide to Genes and Cloning I used this source in

  1. Smoking and the effect on the cardiovascular system Whenever a person smokes a cigarette, ...

    It is a narrowing of the arteries in the extremities caused by blocked arteries which reduce blood circulation. Mostly, this occurs in the legs and feet, but can also occur in the arms and hands. The main outcome of peripheral vascular disease is pain while walking and resting.

  2. The Biological and Psychological Impact of Smoking Cigarettes

    The cigarette smoke also damages the cilia, the tiny hair like protections in the bronchi that sweep foreign bodies and bacteria out of the lung (10). The cigarette smoke immobilises the cilia in the bronchioles for several hours. As a result of the toxic chemicals in cigarette smoke the lungs become sponge-like with lots of large air spaces.

  1. Does cloning benefit or endanger society?

    This argument was correct. The cloned organ would be genetically identical which would mean that the body would not see it as foreign and reject it. On the other hand, this argument was flawed. While immunological rejection would be alleviated, there is still an extremely low success rate in the nuclear transfer process.

  2. HSC Module-Blueprint of Life

    * A Change in DNA Sequence: > Most mutations are a change in the DNA sequence > The smallest type is a point mutation, where only one base changes > Large changes can alter the shape of the chromosome: * DELETION: Some of the DNA is lost from a chromosome

  1. Factors Affecting the Fitness of an Individual

    430.41 2.323366 = 2.32 128 Week 2 Monday 1000 426.18 2.346426 = 2.35 129 Wednesday 1000 414.22 2.414176 = 2.41 126 Friday 1000 400.10 2.499375 = 2.50 125 Day Pulse Rate (beats/ minute) with Time (minutes) after Lap was finished 0 min 1 min 2 min 3 min 4 min

  2. Identify information to set targets And Measures of health for the individual

    When measured, two readings are recorded. The first is called the systolic pressure and represents the force of the blood as the heart beats to pump it around the body. The second, called the diastolic, is the pressure while the heart is filling with blood again in preparation for the next contraction or heartbeat.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work