• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Factors Affecting Coronary Heart Disease.

Extracts from this document...


There are many factors that affect the development of Coronary Heart Disease (CHD). Cigarette smoking, Unhealthy Diet causing Obesity, physical inactivity and also Psychological Implications. There are many biological factors that are linked to all of these. There are genetic factors, gender and age factors to consider. It affects more than 1.4 million people in the UK in some form. It kills more than 1,100,000 people in England, of whom nearly half are under the age of 75. Coronary Heart Disease is the narrowing of the coronary arteries that are linked to the heart. The heart is a muscle and it needs all the essentials any other muscle would need such as constant supply of oxygen and nutrients, which are carried to it by the blood in the coronary arteries. When the arteries are narrowed down or clogged by fat, a process called Atherosclerosis takes place and doesn't supply enough blood to the heart. If not enough oxygen reaches the heart, an experience of chest pain called angina comes into play. ...read more.


Exercise can help control blood cholesterol, diabetes and obesity, as well as help lower blood pressure in some people. Keeping fit and staying fit helps to metabolize the fats coming into the body in an efficient way. Cigarette smoking is a major cause of heart attack. Smoking causes 120,000 deaths per year in the UK. Tobacco smoke contains more than 4,000 chemicals, many of them known poisons. Nicotine and carbon monoxide play a role in the process leading to heart and blood vessel disease. Tar in tobacco contains dozens of chemicals that cause cancer. Smokers have a 70 per cent greater risk of death from coronary heart disease than non-smokers. By smoking you increase your risk of heart attack by two to six times. Tar is one of the components that clog up the arteries. There are now many ways to stop the rising increase in smoking in the UK, using various methods. There are nicotine patches, chewing gums, pens (to keep their hands busy), and many adverts to persuade them to stop smoking. ...read more.


But after the age of 65, women are just as likely to develop a heart disease as men are. Also as we get older, our chances of developing Coronary Heart Disease increase aswell. Also Coronary Heart Disease can be hereditary and could be passed down from generation to generation. Coronary heart disease is much more common in some families than in others. As DNA tells us the sizes of the arteries then it is likely that every characteristic of all parts of the body are passed on to the children. Nowadays, there are many treatments for CHD. Generally, treatments maybe either Lifestyle changes, Medication or even surgery. A lifestyle change may include and low fat diet to keep down cholesterol levels and eating more healthy foods like fish. Reducing the intake of Sodium, to keep the blood pressure under control. An exercise regime to keep physically active to help metabolise foods more efficiently and also a complete stop to smoking. There are many medications for CHD. There are cholesterol-lowering medication and also medication to keep the blood pressure low. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Humans as Organisms section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Humans as Organisms essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The Advantages And Disadvantages Of Treatments Of Heart Disease.

    3 star(s)

    Perhaps a more healthy diet of fruit and vegetables is not what is lowering heart disease but their replacement and therefore avoidance of fatty foods high in cholesterol. A lack of exercise means that the body loses out on its benefits that include causing tachycardia that increases the force and

  2. Peer reviewed

    What is DNA?

    5 star(s)

    These chemical reactions are controlled by enzymes, which are proteins. It follows, therefore, that the genetic code of DNA, in determining which proteins, particularly enzymes, are produced in a cell, and also determines the cell's structure and function. In this way, the genes also determine the structure and function of the whole organism.

  1. The Biological and Psychological Impact of Smoking Cigarettes

    Other areas inflicted by smoking are the respiratory and cardiovascular system, eyes and mouth, digestive system, musculoskeletal system and the reproductive system. There are many respiratory diseases and illness caused by smoking. In this section I will attempt to describe some of them, the symptoms of them and how smoking causes them.

  2. Should people with diabetes 2 receive medical treatment?

    Consideration is now being given to lowering the upper value to 180 mg/dL to diagnose more mild diabetes to facilitate earlier intervention and prevention of diabetic complications www.diabetes.org.uk/Guide-to-diabetes/Introduction-to-diabetes/What_is_diabetes/ Blood glucose measurements during the GTT test can vary so a mildly elevated blood glucose level may result in the test having to be run again to check the diagnosis.

  1. Factors affecting the Development of Coronary Heart Disease (CHD).

    Fluid accumulation in the lungs can cause breathlessness. Long-term damage to the heart muscle maybe apparent from the death of cells that didn't receive enough oxygen. Because heart cells cannot be replaced the cell loss is permanent. The more serious the case is when a blockage is high in the

  2. Factors Affecting the Development of Coronary Heart Disease.

    This can lead to a heart attack, angina (chest pains) or as in 20% of cases sudden death. Coronary Heart disease is, by far, the leading scourge and cause of death in the developed world. The narrowing of the arteries results from the complicated interaction of many systems within the body.

  1. Coronary heart disease (CHD)

    Diabetes causes blockage and hardening (atherosclerosis) of blood vessels everywhere in the body, including coronary arteries9. Controlling diabetes significantly reduces coronary risk9. There are two forms of diabetes (type 1 and type 2), both of which ultimately lead to high blood sugar levels, a condition called hyperglycaemia.

  2. Factors Affecting The Development Of Coronary Heart Disease

    Thrombus formation, which can cause a blockage and therefore MI, is also known to increase in cases of hypertension as the level of platelet adhesion decreases.11 The seriousness of smoking is shown by the fact that 18% of all deaths from CHD are related to smoking.12 This is because smoking

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work