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Factors Affecting Coronary Heart Disease.

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There are many factors that affect the development of Coronary Heart Disease (CHD). Cigarette smoking, Unhealthy Diet causing Obesity, physical inactivity and also Psychological Implications. There are many biological factors that are linked to all of these. There are genetic factors, gender and age factors to consider. It affects more than 1.4 million people in the UK in some form. It kills more than 1,100,000 people in England, of whom nearly half are under the age of 75. Coronary Heart Disease is the narrowing of the coronary arteries that are linked to the heart. The heart is a muscle and it needs all the essentials any other muscle would need such as constant supply of oxygen and nutrients, which are carried to it by the blood in the coronary arteries. When the arteries are narrowed down or clogged by fat, a process called Atherosclerosis takes place and doesn't supply enough blood to the heart. If not enough oxygen reaches the heart, an experience of chest pain called angina comes into play. ...read more.


Exercise can help control blood cholesterol, diabetes and obesity, as well as help lower blood pressure in some people. Keeping fit and staying fit helps to metabolize the fats coming into the body in an efficient way. Cigarette smoking is a major cause of heart attack. Smoking causes 120,000 deaths per year in the UK. Tobacco smoke contains more than 4,000 chemicals, many of them known poisons. Nicotine and carbon monoxide play a role in the process leading to heart and blood vessel disease. Tar in tobacco contains dozens of chemicals that cause cancer. Smokers have a 70 per cent greater risk of death from coronary heart disease than non-smokers. By smoking you increase your risk of heart attack by two to six times. Tar is one of the components that clog up the arteries. There are now many ways to stop the rising increase in smoking in the UK, using various methods. There are nicotine patches, chewing gums, pens (to keep their hands busy), and many adverts to persuade them to stop smoking. ...read more.


But after the age of 65, women are just as likely to develop a heart disease as men are. Also as we get older, our chances of developing Coronary Heart Disease increase aswell. Also Coronary Heart Disease can be hereditary and could be passed down from generation to generation. Coronary heart disease is much more common in some families than in others. As DNA tells us the sizes of the arteries then it is likely that every characteristic of all parts of the body are passed on to the children. Nowadays, there are many treatments for CHD. Generally, treatments maybe either Lifestyle changes, Medication or even surgery. A lifestyle change may include and low fat diet to keep down cholesterol levels and eating more healthy foods like fish. Reducing the intake of Sodium, to keep the blood pressure under control. An exercise regime to keep physically active to help metabolise foods more efficiently and also a complete stop to smoking. There are many medications for CHD. There are cholesterol-lowering medication and also medication to keep the blood pressure low. ...read more.

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