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Factors that affect the development of Coronary Heart Disease (CHD).

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Introduction

There are many factors that affect the development of Coronary Heart Disease (CHD). Cigarette smoking, Unhealthy Diet causing Obesity, physical inactivity and also Psychological Implications. There are many biological factors that are linked to all of these. There are genetic factors, gender and age factors to consider. It affects more than 1.4 million people in the UK in some form. It kills more than 1,100,000 people in England, of whom nearly half are under the age of 75. Coronary Heart Disease is the narrowing of the coronary arteries that are linked to the heart. The heart is a muscle and it needs all the essentials any other muscle would need for example a permanent supply of oxygen and nutrients, which are carried to it by the blood in the coronary arteries. When the arteries are narrowed down or clogged by fat, a process called Atherosclerosis takes place and there isn't enough blood going through to the heart. ...read more.

Middle

Cigarette smoking is a major cause of heart disease. Smoking causes 120,000 deaths per year in the UK. You might not of known it but the smoke in a cigarette contains more than 4,000 chemicals and they contain many known poisons. Smokers have a 70 per cent greater risk of death from coronary heart disease than non-smokers. By smoking you increase your risk of heart attack by two to six times. Tar in tobacco contains dozens of chemicals that cause cancer. It is one of the components that clog up the arteries from the result of smoking. There are now many ways to stop the rising increase in smoking in the UK, using various methods. There are nicotine patches, chewing gums, pens (to keep their hands busy), and many adverts to persuade them to stop smoking. There have also been psychological studies to state that Stress has a profound role in the development of CHD. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also Coronary Heart Disease can be hereditary and could be passed down from generation to generation. Coronary heart disease is much more common in some families than in others. As DNA tells us the sizes of the arteries then it is likely that every characteristic of all parts of the body are passed on to the children. Nowadays, there are many treatments for CHD. Treatment maybe in the form of a lifestyle change, medication or even surgery. A lifestyle change may include and low fat diet to keep down cholesterol levels and eating more healthy foods like fish. Reducing the intake of Sodium, to keep the blood pressure under control. An exercise regime to keep physically active to help metabolise foods more efficiently and also a complete stop to smoking. There are many medications for CHD. There are cholesterol-lowering medication and also medication to keep the blood pressure low. So as we can see there are many ways that CHD can develop, biologically or environmentally. It is one of the biggest killers in the world and is on the increase. ...read more.

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