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Galen - one of the greatest doctors of the ancient world.

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Introduction

Galen was one of the greatest doctors of the ancient world. Galen performed dissections on monkeys, pigs, and other animals, and established comparative anatomy as a field of anatomy. Galen was born in Pergamum (Present day Turkey), a city of the Roman Empire. He began to study medicine at the age of 14. He firstly began at Rome but later went to the great city of Alexandria. At about A.D. 157, Galen became a physician for trained fighters called gladiators. This was an indirect early breakthrough for him, for this experience gave him valuable information about surgery and diet. In 161 or 162 AD, Galen went to Rome. There, he presented lectures on anatomy and physiology and soon was hired to be the physician of the household of the Roman emperor, Marcus Aurelius. ...read more.

Middle

Galen discovered that the brain, not the heart, was the control centre of the body. He also figured out that the arteries were filled with blood not pneuma, which was what people believed it was filled with. The three main Followings of Galen 1) Clinical Observation: - The through observation of a patient's symptoms and behaviour. The Doctor would later, note this down in a diary and would keep it in a shelf. This information would then be referred to, if any other cases with the same symptoms appeared. Galen Followed Clinical observation very strongly. For he believed that if one can keep track of symptoms, they could tell at what time a disease comes more active and when it subdues. ...read more.

Conclusion

Galen cut the nerve, and the room waited for the squeal, but was never heard. The room was silent. Galen was correct. According to the facts that have been found, and the many that have been destroyed, I think we can safely conclude that Galen was one of the greatest doctors of the Ancient Times. Galen's ideas dominated medicine throughout the middle Ages. He discovered that blood moved in the body, although he did not know that it circulated. Medical students studied his descriptions of operations, including a cure for breathing difficulties, long after his death. To help with the diagnosis of patients, Galen took their pulse, a practice that is still used today. Another interesting thing is that doctors studied Galen's drawing of the heart until the 16th century. ...read more.

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