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Is cloning the way of the future ?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Topic Page number Is cloning the way of the future? 3 What is a clone? 5 The process of cloning 7 Cloning for medical purposes 13 How could cloning help in every day life? 16 Saving endangered animals 19 My conclusion 23 Bibliography 26 Cloning is an extremely controversial issue; in my case study I am going to be looking at both the positive and negative aspects of cloning and the scientific evidence behind it. I will also be looking at other aspects and writing a conclusion to all of the points which I have made. I have acknowledged that some sources of evidence like a newspaper article are not as reliable as scientific studies and text books however I have tried to include both. In this case study you will see how I have carefully compared both arguments for cloning in the future and recognise and evaluate all scientific evidence. All diagrams and references are clearly explained and all of their sources can be found in the bibliography located at the back page of my case study. The definition of a clone according to [www.word.net] is - a group of genetically identical cells or organisms derived from a single cell or individual by some kind of asexual reproduction. Meaning it is a genetic double. Identical twins are however another example of a clone even though they are formed through sexual reproduction. This is because they have exactly the same genetic information due to the cells of an embryo separating naturally to form two separate organisms. ...read more.

Middle

The process of cloning could be hugely beneficial for medical research for a number of reasons. However almost all of the reasons have a corresponding negative point. One example of how cloning could be of benefit to the medical industry is that drug-producing animals or animals which have been genetically altered to serve as human models for studying diseases could be mass produced. Reproductive cloning could be used to develop animals with special qualities which in the future could have a number of purposes. However this raises a number of issues not only regarding the ethics behind cloning but also animal testing. Another example of how the process of cloning can help medical research is that it could help with the donation of organs. Cells from a person's body could be taken so that a clone could be produced for the purpose of harvesting them for anything from bone marrow to a heart. As this would be created through an identical copy of the persons genetic information the risk of the patients body rejecting any donor parts would be extremely Decreased. However the idea of creating a copy of someone just so that it can be harvested is seen as extremely wrong and shouldn't be done. Cloning can also lead to a better understanding of the causes of miscarriages and may also lead to the development of treatment which could prevent miscarriages. The prevention of parents passing on a genetic defect to a child could also be greatly decreased in the future if the cloning process is able to be developed. ...read more.

Conclusion

For example an alternative conclusion which people could come to is that cloning is morally wrong, people should be kept as single copies the way as nature intended. The view of stem cell cloning could be seen as extremely controversial so therefore shouldn't be done, and will probably never be something which is completely agreed upon. Many argue that it would harm what would have been a child, and once again goes against nature and many religions. Cloning could threaten people's individuality and throw our society off balance. Many films also portray cloning as a negative issue, some people mistake what is just Hollywood fiction as fact, which would influence peoples views. Film is a powerful tool where peoples fears and expectations get explored especially anxiety related to human life and scientific intervention. Examples of some films which include the idea of a form of cloning are: Jurassic park (1993) Star wars: attack of the clones (2002) The island (2005) None of which make cloning look like a positive form of technology, they don't include the positives and important facts which allow cloning to be seen as an opportunity. In conclusion I believe cloning could have an important part in the future if people's views can be more optimistic and open to the scientific facts behind it. source Page number www.word.net 5 www.unm.edu 5 www.i-am-pregnant.com 5 www.thesun.co.uk 15 & 19 www.friendlyplanet.com 18 www.ornl.gov 8,9,10 & 11 www.scielo.br 23 www.wikipedia.org General research www.wiu.edu General research www.questacon.edu.au General research www.buzzle.com General research ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

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