• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Mass Spectrometer.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Mass Spectrometer Used to determine * the relative isotopic masses and abundance of isotopes * the relative molecular mass (Mr) and abundance of the organic compound Principles of the mass spectrometer * Apparatus enclosed in total vacuum, so that there are no colisions between the sample being investigated and the atmospheric air or the residue from previous samples. * Vacuum pump is to reduce pressure so less thermal energy is needed to vaporise the sample. The pump is to remove any traces of the previous sample traces of the air. ...read more.

Middle

This results in the formation of positively charged ions (cations), mainly single charged ions. If the sample is simple the molecules are ionised by being bomdarded by high energy electrons, causing bonds to vibrate and weaken, some bonds between molecules to produce small pieces of the original molecule known as smaller fragments and/or free radicals. Smaller pieces of the original lecule are known as moecular ions (M+) and are positively charged. Molecular can further fragment to form even smaller pieces, some of which may have a positive charge or no charge at all. Fragments with no charge are known as free radicals. ...read more.

Conclusion

reach the detector. * The intensity or the ion beam is picked up by the detector. Only gaseous ions with particular mass: charge ratio will hit the detector (fragments with no charge will not be detected). The detector counts the number of ions striking it . The signal produced by the detector is proportional to the number/or the abundance of ions striking it. * The signals passed on to the amplifier, which intensifies (magnifies) the signals received and then transmits it to the recorder. * The recorder then produces a graph known as a mass spectrum. Used * in rockets to study the chemistry of elements in space * to identify traces of toxic elements in food, water and drugs ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Classifying Materials section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Classifying Materials essays

  1. What "Carried the Trick"? Mass exploitation and the decline of thought in Ray Bradbury's ...

    Despite the obvious role of intolerant minority pressure in the decline of thought, the text actually shows mass exploitation to be the more serious problem. Whereas Beatty's discussion of minority pressure is explicit and highly coherent, comprising mainly most of a paragraph over half a page long, his discussion of

  2. The role of mass customization and postponement in global logistics

    360). The result is a system of co-production, i.e. a manufacturer-customer interaction and adaptation for the purpose of attaining added value (Milgrom and Roberts 1990; Normann and Ramirez 1994). Mass customization strategies The five marketing concept schema, which fall along a continuum from mass production to pure customisation and refer the point of customer involvement or decoupling point within

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work