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Sport related fitness project

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Introduction

Sport related fitness Skill related fitness Definition Test and Description Example of sport Result Agility 'The ability to change the position of the body quickly and control the movement of you whole body.' Athlete should lie on their front and hands by their shoulders. On the 'Go' command get up as quickly as possible and run around the course in the direction indicated without knocking the cones over to the finish line. A goalkeeper in Football has to adjust his body according to the direction the ball is coming from. Good goalkeeper would be: David Seaman ex. England Goalkeeper 19.89 seconds Balance 'The ability to retain the centre of mass (gravity) of the body above the base of support with reference to static or dynamic conditions, of movement, shape and orientation.' Beam Test To walk across a beam continuously for 30seconds Gymnasts need to have good dynamic and static balance. 15 Co-ordination 'The ability to use 2 parts of the body together.' Throwing a tennis ball against a wall with your right hand and catching it with your left. Footballers need to have good hand eye co-ordination to across the ball to the strikers. Good example: David Beckham 30 Power 'The ability to do strength performances quickly.' Standing Broad Jump The athlete in lines himself/herself next to the wall with one hand stretching as high as it can, and leave a mark. ...read more.

Middle

* Ballistic Stretch - This involves a contra-indicated bouncing movement and is very limited in its use. * Dynamic Stretch - Involves flexibility during sport specific movements. E.g. a hurdlers stretch. Main Activity - Practice Drill Sport: Football Aim: To improve ball control and shooting with a slight pressure Unopposed: no defenders and no goalie * Dribble the ball through the cones. Once reached the fourth cone: * Plant left leg (if right footed) or plant right leg (if left footed) beside the ball. * Bring the other leg back * Keep your head down * Aim to hit the ball in the middle. * Bring leg forward hitting the ball with the top shoelace part of your foot. * Aim for the corners of the goal. Slightly opposed: one defender no goalie * Defender causing an obstruction but not trying to gain possession of the ball. Opposed: one defender no goalie * Defender aiming to gain possession with lots of pressure! In this session I was trying to gain my confidence back and the only way to do that was to add pressure when I have the ball. I believe I done very well in this as I beat the defender may times. For this session I had to have good power: to enable me to strike the ball and co-ordination: for me to place the ball. ...read more.

Conclusion

2. Leads the heart to beat faster to circulate more oxygenated blood. 3. Arterioles widen to stop blood pressure getting to high 4. As the muscles work harder they generate heat, which warms the blood... 5. So the blood is shunted closer to your skin, allowing it to escape through radiation 6. So the athlete starts to sweat, to keep them cool. Regular training and exercise has a big influence on the athletes, 1. Heart: (The strongest muscle in the body, the only cardiac muscle) 2. Heart rate: (Number of beats per minute) 3. Resting pulse rate: (Heart rate at rest. There is much variation, but is normally between 60-80 b.p.m) 4. Number of capillaries: (capillaries join veins and arteries together) Regular exercise helps the heart to be more efficient in supplying more oxygen to the muscle cells quicker. The heart increases in size, which leads to the increase in the stroke volume. (Amount of blood pumped out the heart with each contraction) Scientists can tell how fit a person is by their resting pulse rate. The lower it is the fitter the person. However, generally the older the person gets the lower the heart rate is. Furthermore, it increases the red blood cell production (carry oxygen around the body in red haemoglobin. The contain no nucleus, leaving more space for the haemoglobin.) This can lead to the drop in blood pressure and the increase in the V02 max (when more capillaries around the alveoli are produced). Conclusion ...read more.

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