• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

All communities are arranged in a manner that goods, tangible and intangible, symbolic and material are distributed.

Extracts from this document...


All communities are arranged in a manner that goods, tangible and intangible, symbolic and material are distributed. Such a distribution is always unequal and necessarily involves power. ''Classes, status groups and parties are phenomena of the distribution of power within a community''. Status groups makes up the social order, classes the economic order, and parties the legal/political order. Each order affects and is affected by the other. Power is the ''chance of a man or a number of men to realize their own will in a social action even against the resistance of others who are participating in the action''. Power may rest of a variety of bases, and can be of differing types. ''Economically conditioned power is not identical with power... The emergence of economic power may be the consequence of power existing on other grounds. Man does not strive for power only to enrich him economically. Power, including economic power, may be valued for its own sake. Very frequently the striving for power is conditioned by the social honor it entails. Not all power entails honor.'' Power is not the only basis of social honor, and social honor, or prestige, may be the basis of economic power. 'Power, as well as honor, may be guaranteed by the legal order, but... ...read more.


''Parties reside in the sphere of power''. ''Parties are... only possible within groups that have an associational character, that is, some rational order and a staff of persons''. Parties aim for social power, the ability to influence the actions of others, and thus may exist in a social club, the state, or a cohort of graduate students at the University of Chicago. Parties may represent class or status interests, or neither. They usually represent a mix. ''The structure of parties differs in a basic way according to the kind of social action which they struggle to influence.... They differ according to whether or not the community is stratified by class or status. Above all else, they vary according to the structure of domination''. Weber differed only marginally from Marx when he defined as a class a category of men who, "have in common a specific causal component of their life chances, in so far as this component is represented exclusively by economic interests in the possession of goods and opportunities for income, and it is represented under the conditions of the commodity or labour market." He was even fairly close to Marx's view, though not necessarily to those of latter-day Marxists, when he stated that class position does not necessarily lead to class-determined economic or political action. ...read more.


Although he agrees with Marx in crucial respects, he refines and extends Marx's analytical scheme. For Marx, power is always rooted, even in only in the "last analysis," in economic relations. Those who own the means of production exercise political power either directly or indirectly. Weber agreed that quite often, especially in the modern capitalist world, economic power is the predominant form. But he object that, "the emergence of economic power may be the consequence of power existing on other grounds." For example, men who are able to command large-scale bureaucratic organizations may wield a great deal of economic power even though they are only salaried employees. Weber understands by power: the chance of a man, or a number of men "to realize their own will in communal action, even against the resistance of others." He shows that the basis from which such power can be exercised may vary considerably according to the social context, that is, historical and structural circumstance. Hence, where the source of power is located becomes for Weber an empirical question, one that cannot be answered by what he considers Marx's dogmatic emphasis on one specific source. Moreover, Weber argues, men do not only strive for power to enrich themselves. "Power, including economic power, may be valued 'for its own sake.' Very frequently the striving for power is also conditioned by the social 'honor'. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays


    The lower class in westernised society isn't even this extreme, because if people are struggling, the government offers them support until they are able to find it.

  2. Gender as a form of Social Stratification.

    been considered leaders in social change and the phrase 'new man' has been applied to this group. Weitzman et al carried out a content analysis of pre-school children's books, finding several clear differences in gender roles. For example, males tended to engage in adventurous, outdoor pursuits, which demanded independence and strength.

  1. Sociology: Arranged Marriage Coursework

    For example, those who are under the age of 18 may have a different view to marriage than those who are over 18. This may be because those who are over 18 are likely to be married and therefore would answer my questions through the help of own experiences.

  2. This essay is going to further exemplify the notion of symbolic power, and encompass ...

    able to learn and function given the probability of encountering situations not originally fashioned for the habitus. Through dispositions practices, perceptions, attitudes that are 'regular' are generated without being consciously coordinated or governed by any rule', which incline agents to act and react in certain ways.

  1. Max Weber: Basic Terms (The Fundamental Concepts of Sociology)

    The ideal type case of meaning is where meaning is fully conscious and explicit: this rarely happens in reality. Adequacy on the level of meaning: a subjective interpretation of a coherent course of conduct when its component parts in their mutual relation are recognized as a 'typical' complex of meaning.

  2. Social stratification.

    At the other end of the scale were the slaves who were forced to work on plantation and in coalmines for little or no money who were treated very badly. Another way, and the most commonly used method of dividing society are using social class.

  1. Working More Creatively With Groups.

    it means that there are different levels of potency, spontaneity and manipulation within each individual. The hard thing is finding your level. A key message from the passage was 'There are no exercises or formulas to ensure successful leadership.' Finally, it relates to me as a youth worker because it

  2. Market Failure With De-Merit Goods

    (Remember that if no one used the chemical then nobody would make it). These costs are shown by the yellow line. This shows the social cost of each extra unit made. It would also usually be shown as a flat line but again I have exaggerated the curve to make the graph slightly easier to explain.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work