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Assess the sociological explanations of the ways the hidden curriculum affects pupils? The hidden curriculum refers to all the 'lessons' that are learnt in school without directly being taught.

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Introduction

Assess the sociological explanations of the ways the hidden curriculum affects pupils? The hidden curriculum refers to all the 'lessons' that are learnt in school without directly being taught. For example through the daily workings of the school people become accustomed to accept the hierarchy and competition. The Marxist perspective on this is that it is used to promote and give pupils experience of the capitalist society and work. However there are other sociological views on whether it does this or something else. Marxists such as Bowles and Gintis argue that there is a close relationship between schooling and work in the capitalist society. They refer to this relationship as a parallel, which are examples of the correspondence principle. ...read more.

Middle

Some of the key attributes of the hidden curriculum according to Marxists include; how it helps to produce a subservient workforce, it encourages the acceptance of hierarchy and pupils learn to be motivated by external rewards. Feminists also believe that the hidden curriculum legitimates class but also gender inequality. Madeleine McDonald points out that Bowles and Gintis ignore the fact that schools reproduce patriarchy and not just capitalism. Apperance is part of the hidden curriculum, where the students are taught to wear a dress code. The difference may highlight inequality. For example at some schools the females can't wear trousers bottoms but must wear skirts. However Post modernists generally disagree with the Marxists, in particular Bowles and Gintis. ...read more.

Conclusion

A child must move to the universalistic standards and achieved status of adult society. He argues that the school prepares young people for this transition. For example their conduct is assessed against the school rules. Schools operate on meritocratic principles, where everyone has an equal opportunity to achieve. Durkhiem also believes that schools transmit general values as well as specific skills. This can be done through the hidden curriculum. The hidden curriculum affects pupils in many ways. There are many social explanations as to what they are. The general Marxist view about how the hidden curriculum promotes capitalism has been challenged. For example feminists believe that it does to patriarchy and functionalist claim that it is vital to the workings of society. ?? ?? ?? ?? Sir Navjot Singh ...read more.

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