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Chinese Culture & Tradition.

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Jeffry Wiatt Prof: Rittenberg 4/13/04 Chinese Culture &Tradition The philosophies of Confucianism and Daoism were founded by Confucius and Lao Zi, they date back during the 6th century B.C. Confucius was a great reformer who lived from 551B.C-479B.C He was known for the Analects, in which he compiled to guide and encourage citizens to conform to his philosophy. Confucius traveled throughout China giving advice to rulers and teaching about morality and ethics. He advocated a type of ruler that could be a father to his people and look after their basic needs. It encouraged officials to be loyal to their rulers and refuse to serve the corrupt, He also advocated absolute authority of a king over his subject, a husband over his wife, and a father over his son; and stressed the five constant virtues, namely benevolence (ren), righteousness (yi), propriety (li), wisdom (zhi) ...read more.


After he finished the book, he went away, and nobody knows exactly where he went or when he died. There is only a record of him having a discussion with Confucius after he left. The small book that he wrote, the Dao De Jing or Lao Zi, is written verse, it is said to contain great wisdom. Confucianism and Daoism emerged out of the same turbulence, and sought stability in different ways. On one hand you have a social and political philosophy as practical and rational as Confucianism. On the other hand you have the intuitive; nature based spiritual pursuits and mysticism of Daoism. How did the Chinese culture reconcile these two seemingly contradictory ideologies? The key to understanding their joint influence is to think like a Daoist. The Chinese people did not have to choose one or the other they looked to both Yin and Yang. ...read more.


In fact, up until the last 200 years, there was only one outside belief system that became widely adopted and absorbed by the Chinese culture and that was Buddhism. Recognize that this foreign idea did not even take root in China until the second century. The kinds of observations we can make about China, then, are to recognize that this culture derives ideas and structure that provides a remarkable and quite rare degree of continuity. The kind of trade offs can be seen vividly in Chinese civilization. Stability was born out of tradition, but it was a culture where individual innovation was difficult or impossible. A Confucian based society means that social, educational and political patterns are clearly outlined; Change happens slowly, and individuals find many aspects of their lives established and limited by tradition. China, then, and will always be another society that displays the advantages and costs of religion. ...read more.

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