• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the portrayal of Indian society in this poem.

Extracts from this document...


Discuss the portrayal of Indian society in this poem. Deception, written by Rabindranath Tagore is told through the eyes of a narrator, who is the husband of Binu. He tells a story of Binu and her husband and their life together in Indian society. In the poem the portrayal of Indian life, is illustrated through various aspects, such as arranged marriages; the class distinctions, Laksmi the goddess, the poverty and dowries. The class distinctions in Hindu society are called the Caste system. This is portrayed in the poem at several occasions. When Binu introduces Rukmini to her husband and explains that Rukmini needs money. 'She looked me in the eyes, Bowed, withdrew to the platform where she stood clutching a pillar' This shows that obviously Rukmini was in a lower class than Binu's husband because of the way she reacted, she bowed to and then withdrew from his presence and stood at a distance. I think that Rukmini might have been in the 'untouchable' caste because she did not consider herself worthy enough to even stand in the presence of Binu's husband. She had to go and stand at a distance while Binu explained Rukmini's need for money. The way that she bowed in front of him also portrays that she was lower class than him because she was showing him a sign of respect. In The Caste system the Jats determine which range of jobs you do. ...read more.


I think that perhaps Binu and her husband had, had an arranged marriage because it says in the poem that 'Left her parents-in-laws house for the first time since marriage' 'Our meetings furtive' This shows that the couple had not met of their own accord, but that their parents have arranged for them to meet. They have only met secretly and on very brief occasions. This shows that there was an arranged marriage because you do not marry someone that you have only met a few times in your life. Parents when looking for a suitable husband for their daughter in arranged marriages have to look for certain things such as the social castes that they are in and financial status. It is the girl's parents that traditionally pay for the wedding as a gift to the newly wed couple. They shower the girl with presents that she is to give to the groom's family when she moves in. It is traditional that the bride goes to live in the groom's family. When the couple marry everything that once was the wife's now officially belongs to the husband. The quotation above says that Binu after living with her parents-in-law left there house for the first time. This supports the fact that Binu and her husband have had an arranged marriage. Another quotation that supports the fact that the couple had, had an arranged marriage is 'The airless sequestration of the joint family' This portrays that the family have lived in very close contact with Binu and her husband. ...read more.


family that either disrespect the rules of the dowry system or they are not wealthy enough to supply a sufficient dowry for there daughters wedding. This is therefore what Rukmini is saying in the poem, she is pleading to Binu because I think that perhaps she feels that she will get a better reaction out of a woman who has never really seen the world and has lived rather a sheltered life, than a man who is in one of the highest groups of the Varna. She is saying that if she cannot afford the dowry and if she does not give one then her daughter will be rejected from the marriage, which will be embarrassing for the family. Therefore, I conclude that the poet has used the portrayal of Indian Society to try and make people who are reading the poem understand the way that Indian Society actually works. The poet portrays the caste system in this prejudiced way because maybe he feels that the system is principally unjust. The Caste system has many floors, but it has brought some sort of order to Indian Society meaning that people are recognised and distinguished. The poet uses the portrayal of Indian Society very well to get the effect of the drama and desperation in the poem. The poor lady Rukmini needs money so that her daughter can get married she is desperate for help and pity from the rich. However the uncompassionate husband feels that Rukmini is unworthy of even touching his shadow. Theodora Birch ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. sociology research hypothesis - Attitudes towards Arranged and Love marriages In ...

    I had to help a few people fill out questionnaires as they did not know how to read or understand English. In this matter I had to translate it for them in gujirati verbally. I only gave out the questionnaires to people who were 18 and over because I thought

  2. Sociology: Arranged Marriage Coursework

    This way I would be able to find out why it is declining or why it isn't. Question 9 is also an important question as it involves what influences the views people have on arranged marriages, for example, religion, traditions, media, etc.

  1. What do you find interesting about R.K. Narayan's presentation of Indian society in the ...

    He too is a poor and an uneducated man. In order to provide his family with basic necessities of life he has to do a job, which is very unpleasant and not at all satisfying. But he is ready to bear all the sufferings for his family. Even though he has been very loyal to his employer, at the end, he is insulted and thrown out of the job.


    class worked for the capitalist class for wages. On the contrary Max Webber created the notion that structure of class is based on mannerisms, where you a placed in your class through speech, manner, social habits, schooling etc. We can see these two theories put in practice in our society, where we could look at Labor, marriage, education and movement of the class system.

  1. The Hindu Woman: Life under the Laws of Manu

    By the Classical Age a girl of eight was considered suitable for marriage (Jain, 2003a:53). This enabled the child to get better acquainted with her husband and his family before the marriage had to be consummated (Leslie, 1991:48). This would often result in a prepubescent girl marrying someone old enough to be her father.

  2. Gandhi's Impact on the Liberation of Indian Women.

    Gandhi believed that if young girls were not married at such young ages then the number of child widows would decrease. Although, Gandhi was married at a young age of 13 he "vehemently" condemned child marriages and argued that ancient Hindu scriptural texts laying down "barbaric" and "degrading" rules regarding women should be revisediii.

  1. From a reading of Hardy's short stories, discuss how Hardy brings out the aspects ...

    By using the cart- horse, as his method of transport, he shows clearly that he is of the high class society and by doing this, he not only is recognised for his position but he is also respected for having a wife who is extremely young and good looking.

  2. Examine the portrayal of cultural poverty in "Saved" and "The Wasp Factory"

    In "The Wasp Factory", Frank understands how his island is just a miniscule part of the planet and knows that he limits his own knowledge of first hand experiences of other places, but the reason why his life is surrounded and clouded by the fact that he will never leave the island is deeper.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work