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Discussing Legalizing Same-sex Marriage in China

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Introduction

Discussing Legalizing Same-sex Marriage in China It is a long-established belief all around the world that marriage is a legally accepted relationship only between man and woman as husband and wife. However, such a widely held belief has been challenged greatly in recent decades by the unprecedented public awareness of the existence of homosexuality. More and more homosexuals have begun to ask and fight for equal marital rights as heterosexuals. In China, where the homosexuality has just been officially admitted as non-pathological three years ago, the voice of legalizing homosexual marriage has also been widely heard but probably not as loudly as in western countries. This essay will try to give a general overview of the discussion about legalizing homosexual marriage in China and will first briefly introduce the history of homosexuality in China, and then evaluate the issue on both sides. Homosexuality is a term coined by a Hungarian doctor, Karl Maria Benkert, in the mid-nineteenth century, used to describe a sexual and emotional interest in members of one's own sex (Moran 1996: 3). But it is argued that as long as there have been humans there has been homosexuality. Indeed in China traditional same-gender relations among older and younger men existed for a long time, perhaps as far back as the Bronze Age, but certainly by the time of the Zhou Dynasty, which is from 1122 to 256 B.C. ...read more.

Middle

As mentioned above, marriage defines certain relationships much more powerful and valid than lots of others. So a relationship will be quite easy to break up without marriage. This is even the case with the traditionally approved heterosexuality, let alone homosexuality, which is evaded and rejected by the general public. Therefore, it is not strange that homosexuals often change their sexual partners and sometimes have to satisfy their libido by resorting to some incidental sexual encounters, actions which to a large extent give reasons for the AIDS crisis among homosexuals. Also there is a new-common association of homosexuality with violent and erotic crime among Chinese population nowadays, which actually lacks precedent in native traditions. Convinced of the moral and psychological deviance of homosexuals, society relegates them to its fringes, where homosexuality becomes synonymous with danger, violence, and crime. Having not been given a proper way to live, which they definitely deserve, the situation of homosexuals is difficult and uncertain. Some media sources even stated that 'besides going against traditional Chinese moral concepts and leading young people astray by luring them to practice it, homosexuality simply constitutes a social perversion'.1 Under such a social condition, filled with their frustration at their inability to meet same-sex partners, homosexual men are more commonly eventually forced into unfulfilling false marriages with unsuspecting husbands or wives. ...read more.

Conclusion

Apart from that function, the second function comes: the emotional function of getting love and help from each other. Although these two could not be considered by separating them, it could be argued that only until humans do not need to reproduce through marriage, could the marriage totally become the emotional bond just between the two parties of the marital contract. Therefore, back to considering same-sex marriages, the first stated function of marriage could not be performed, though reproduction could be fulfilled by cloning however unnatural and difficult to achieve in a large area. Therefore, from this point of view, society seems not to have developed enough for the legalization of same-sex marriages. Evaluating both sides of the discussion, it could be said that although it is really a minority, homosexuality is a perfectly natural characteristic on the human spectrum of sexuality. As something that one does not choose but rather one is, it should deserve all the respects and rights all the others have, marital right is of no exception. It has been found that some countries and regions in other parts of the world have already legalized the same-sex marriage: most of them are in Northern Europe including Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Iceland, Holland and Belgium, and also in some states of America (http://www.godgive.com/book/gaa/gaa27.html), although some of which are entitled by 'civil unions'. However, with the special cultural and social backgrounds, China still has a long way to go to eliminate such a marital discrimination. ...read more.

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