• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Emile Durkheim was interested in the transformation of society; he tried to understand and explain social change.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Emile Durkheim was interested in the transformation of society; he tried to understand and explain social change. Within Durkeims first book Division of Labour in society 1893 he conceived the divisions of labour within society as the most basic presedenting fact, and that rapid changes within the division of Labour would lead to a disruption of "Social Solidarity". He argued that changes in the division of Labour would result in the decline of beliefs and values, and changes would occur from tridional stable communities to a more complexed society with different needs and goals. Despite he concerns he remind optimistic and for this reason was labeled a positive. It could be argued that Durkeims experience of living in France and experiencing the changes within industries and the French revolution enabled him to witness what he perceived to be the breakdown of tridional instions and the decline of systems of authority and morality***. Therefore creating a loss of security for members of the community. New ideas of indridualms, socialism, democracy and "humanism came to the surface. This could have promoted Durkheim to adopt a collectivist approach to characterize and understand social change. Within Division of Labour Durkeim referred to Social Solidarity as a bond between indriduals within society (Division of Labour 1893). Within his first work he considered social cohesion in Pre industrial societies he referred to this as "Mechanical Solidarity". ...read more.

Middle

He is suggesting here that humans are like organs in the human body and have a key role and function to play within society. Society can not therefore perform to its best ability unless all the "organs" (people) are working in harmony and supporting each other. Indriduals become reliant upon each other therefore are collective conscience in modern "organic" society is collective and increased towards achieving goals. A new form of cohesion has occurred, and the collective conscience which in mechanical is based only on similarities between indri duals and shared morals. In "organic" society increased to more of a "moral code" a set of complicated beliefs with "moral awareness" a sense of "fairness" "justices" and "responsibilities" to one another. The above being the key elements to the collective conscience steaming from the organic solidarity. Durkeim perceived this as being a complicated set of "moral" exchanges which would take place. Perhaps it is this positive view that leads him to be critized for being a positivist. It could be argued that "organic" society has problems with the increase division of labour, the increasingness of individualism and following self interest. Creating stress upon "personal freedoms" thus threatens cohesion and the moral unity is declining. Religion in Durkeims eyes offered no answers and the "state" can only provide a temporary answer which many might find frustrating. ...read more.

Conclusion

The state however could still offer an important part in preventing anomie from occurring. Through the use of education (hidden national curriculum) indriduals could without knowing be taught ethics and morals; the notions of right and wrong, and the importance of cultural history enabling them to have a feeling of belonging to a society and how to act moral within society. Although we know in mordon society cases such as the James Bulger case where the "socialation" of two boys with in the hidden education system. In essence did not happened and the consequence that Durkeheim feared (the increase of crime did occur.) with the murder of James Bluger committed by the two boys. Thus suggesting that education can not sole be responsible for making sure anomie (breakdown of common values, norms, and ethics) does not occur. Durkheim offered further solutions other then education, he offered the resurrection of occupational guilds and extension of professional associations which would be self regulated. He proposed that indriduals should be responsibility for there needs and their co-workers by Trade unions. In addition having standards of work, working methods, working materials. BY having the above with a general code of conduct and offering indriduals responsibilities within work place. The economy would be able to offer its workers a professional code which would protect its members but set standards. Hence forming a greater unity and community and therefore deterring anomie from occurring. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Primary Sources and Social Change in the industrial revolution

    undisputed head of the family, as for women, middle class wives were expected to manage the household. Children of middle class families were educated, but only boys were educated in schools, whereas the girls were educated in the home and only on matters around running a house.

  2. Evaluate the Significance of Socilogy To Understand Social Work Practice.

    Marxists believe that society has unequal class systems and the bourgeoisie exploit the working class by pocketing the profits made by the proletariat and that society is a meritocratic society, however Karl Marx believed that in the future "the economic system will come under communal ownership and a more equal society than we know at present will be established."

  1. The Hidden Curriculum; Hegemony and Capitalism.

    Marxism can inform the discourses of education because it can explain where schools come from, because schools are part of the superstructure which rise from the economic base, the totality of relations which are independent of the individual's will and which constitute the economic structure of society.

  2. The following essay will use the ideas of Durkheim to construct my social biography ...

    Social facts exist externally to us and compel people to behave in a unified way, with norms that are constructed by society. These facts are recognizable through power that the external persuasion has, which can be exercised over an individual.

  1. What Civil Society Can Do to Develop Democracy

    distribution of arms, demands for the resignation of the president and looting and terrorizing of the civilian population. Although this uprising was ultimately put down by French military intervention, its political resolution, which saw the society rally behind democracy, was catalyzed by the LCDH's declared support for the regime and

  2. Critically assess the concepts used by Emile Durkheim in his analysis of the social ...

    Thus, Durkheim believes that society stands apart from its members when being analysed. Furthermore, Durkheim tried to explain the social fact by seeking out its origin and the ingredients indispensable to its continual existence. He believes that 'The determining cause of a social fact should be sought among the social

  1. Environmental Lessons From History.

    While sacrifice often involved foodstuffs, the bulk of sacrifice involved some form of human sacrifice. The majority of human sacrifice was bloodletting, in which a victim, usually a priest, voluntarily pierces a part (or parts) or there body; usually tongue, ears, lips or penis - and "gives" blood to the gods.

  2. Positivism: "Love, Order, Progress" - Auguste Comte (1795 - 1857) and Emile Durkheim (1858 ...

    There is no doubt that the nineteenth century in Europe was and was experienced as a particularly turbulent time, as turbulent and dramatic as the seventeenth century which had so unsettled and stimulated Thomas Hobbes. Very simply we can see two sorts of responses to these crises.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work