• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Evaluate the view that sociological arguments and research findings generally have little influence on the social policies of

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Evaluate the view that sociological arguments and research findings generally have little influence on the social policies of governments (40 marks) Pat Mac Neill defined social policy as actions of governments that have a direct effect on welfare of the citizens of a country. The relationship between sociology and social policy is a two way one. Not only is social policy decisions influenced by sociology but also sociology can affect social policies. A social policy is defined as a course of action - often undertaken by governments or businesses to deal with a perceived social problem such as academic failure, crime and suicide. In recent years, research by sociologists has had a certain influence upon government policy in a number of western societies, e.g. UK and the USA. By identifying the causes of social problems in a scientific manner, sociologists have been able to assist governments in policy decisions to eradicate these problems. ...read more.

Middle

It was a great success. Much sociological research has been simulated by the social policies of governments of local authorities. Sociologists have often investigated the consequences of social policy decisions to see if these policies have achieved their objectives, for example J Fords study of a comprehensive school in London titled "Social class and the Comprehensive school" claimed to do this. Also Ford, in her analysis of Cherry Dale Comprehensive set out to see if comprehensive education was achieving all the objections that the government had hoped. After a careful positivistic (scientific) study she concluded that comprehensive schooling tended to reproduce many of the shortcomings of the old tripartite system of education. She concluded that this was largely due to streaming. She also said that Comprehensive education as a social policy had failed either to bridge the gap in academic achievement between the social classes or produce social mixing between blue collar and white-collar pupils. ...read more.

Conclusion

This has been the case on the issue of education. For example, sociologists employed in Project Headstart, which was funded by the US government went to a good deal of trouble to explain the poor educational performance of Working Class children (especially boys) in terms of their home backgrounds, e.g. lack of parental interest; dysfunctional family structure; etc. It was then suggested that this process could be halted by a social policy of compensatory education. These findings could be seen as a deliberate attempt by powerful middle class groups to use sociologists as a 'smokescreen' to hide the real source of academic inequality i.e. the White Middle class bias in school knowledge. In this way, sociologists have provided the evidence and suggested social policies that merely supported the interests of capitalism and the bourgeoisie. Therefore being a prop to the capitalist status quo by producing politically safe decisions. The connection between sociology and social policy is an important and reciprocal one. For this reason therefore the link between these two areas is an interesting and meaningful field of enquiry. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Marriage is no longer important. Evaluate the arguments for and against

    4 star(s)

    Her marriage might have been horrible, with lots of arguments and fights, with being married making her and her husband ?spread further apart?, hating the marriage so much that she got divorced. Because of her previous experience with marriage, she might just simply decide not to marry, because of the fear of going through a horrible marriage again and divorce.

  2. The Cherry Orchard is pessimistic in its analysis of social transition.

    This act of affection shows her desire to be an equal with the superior class. Yet when she attempts to tell Anya about Epikhodov's proposal, she is ignored. To the upper class, Dunyasha is unimportant and insignificant, qualities which are evident in the way she is disregarded.

  1. Can built form influence social problems?

    pattern of social life among the people who will live in these houses. It asserts that architectural design has a direct and determinate effect on the way people behave" ( Maurice Broady 1968 cited in Taylor, N, 1998). The case of the Business Academy located on Bexley and designed by

  2. Max Weber: Basic Terms (The Fundamental Concepts of Sociology)

    Commercialization of economic life: general use of commercial instruments to represent share rights in enterprise and also in property ownership. Chap27, The Development of Industrial Technique Real distinguishing characteristic of the modern factory: the concentration of ownership of workplace, means of work, source of power and raw material in the hands of the entrepreneur.

  1. Social Security Policy.

    Which consist of a rights and responsibilities discourse. Those who cannot work have a right to security. However, for those who can work, the right to benefit is more conditional. The basic philosophy is that work is the best route out of poverty.

  2. Discuss the extent to which public and social policies have impacted upon the theory ...

    Gesellschaft on the other hand was used to refer to everything that was opposite to gemeinschaft like the impersonal, superficial and transitory relationship of modern urban life. Tonnies argued urban societies were characterised by individualism where by society required a more self-interested approach to dealing with other people.

  1. Scholarly detachment in scientific research.

    because everyone has different knowledge on this depending on how they were brought up and there own biases, culture, etc... Bendix in his paper uses Kuhn as an example, Kuhn illustrates how men who did a study on paradigms had there own scientific community and later they would all split up to study certain aspects of this paradigms.

  2. Families fail in the socialisation of children Evaluate the arguments for and against this ...

    This might lead to them getting in trouble in later life or becoming criminals themselves. Although families may fail at socialization, they are also good at it in some ways. They teach children social norms and values of society. In our society, we have a number of norms that are basically unwritten rules that everybody should obey.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work