• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Examine the impact of the failure of the 1863 Uprising upon Polish Society.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Examine the impact of the failure of the 1863 Uprising upon Polish Society. Poland, like many other Eastern European countries, is one, which has enjoyed a neither liberal nor peaceful past. She has, at numerous points in her every murky and troubled history, been under the rule of a number of foreign powers and has, consequently been in an almost constant state of turmoil. During the time period I intend to focus on, the later half of the 19th century, this was certainly the case. Poland had once again become a divided state, after the defeat of Napoleon in the Napoleonic wars in 1815. She was split between Austria, Prussia and Russian with the majority of her, known as the "Kingdom of Poland" or "Congress Kingdom", on which I intend to focus, being put under Russia's power. Although they were once again under foreign rule, the Polish people enjoyed a somewhat peaceful and liberal life with their own self-government and army for many years. Until that is, the advent of Tsar Nicolas I to the Russian throne, whose heavy-handed rule sparked a succession of unsuccessful uprisings amongst the Polish people. ...read more.

Middle

Positive thinkers proposed a more realistic set of goals and ideals for the Polish people to follow, which concentrated more on the country as a whole and the shape of the economy, rather than on the individual. They tried to introduce the idea of working with the foreign power, in order to make a better Poland, than fighting against it in a hopeless struggle. It was from this way of thinking that the idea of organic work was introduced. The poles stopped thinking of the nation as a collection of individuals and started to think of her as an organism, in which all the limbs must be healthy and performing properly for the body to work. They realised that "The culture and economic resources of the Polish nation were as yet too underdeveloped to sustain an independent state"2 and thus that they had to improve the trade and industry of the polish provinces before they could take her back as their own. They decided that they had to "bring the nation out of the backwardness of the Russian Empire into the modern world"3, but the only way to do this was by putting their grievances aside for the time being, and accept the conditions they were in. ...read more.

Conclusion

This has much to do, I feel, with the 1863 Uprising. After this event, completely changed the lives of most Polish people under the Russian rule forever. It impacted on everything; from their belief structure, to the political position, to their Art, nothing was left sacred. They no longer looked at life with the desire for revolution, but instead excepted their position in the world and tried to understand how they could make it better. They no longer enjoyed the little freedom they once had, but this did not make them give up hope, it merely made them think about things in a different more realistic way. Without the failure of the 1863 uprising Poland may never have reached this level of maturity. I believe that it was of a direct result of this failure that we have to mature, culture rich Poland that we have today. 1 Positivsim : www.arts.gla.ac.uk/Slavonic/Positivism 2 'Heart of Europe', page 170 3 'When Nationalism began to hate', page 46 4 'Literature and Nationalism in Partitioned Poland', page 133 5 'When Nationalism began to hate', page 44 6 'Heart of Europe', page 172 7 www.sydneyarttheater.com 8 'A Short History of Poland', page 163 9 www.sydneyarttheather.com Heather Watson Slavonic Studies Level 2 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Assess the Impact of the Development of the Railways On Victorian Society and the ...

    Railway engineering became a specialized and highly skilled profession, as did civil engineering, which produced many of the railway viaducts and tunnels. Accountancy became an independent entity, separating from the legal profession, as the need to provide specialist services to the railways arose.

  2. Gandhi's Impact on the Liberation of Indian Women.

    Gandhi's belief that women were more superior because they could endure greater amounts of suffering encouraged women to step forward and participate in such movements. There is not doubt that the most awakening event for Indian women was the battle for India's political freedom by the use of the non-violent action that Gandhi encouraged.

  1. Disucss the conention that weak leadership, rather than any economic or political factor was ...

    2 Hovell has Cleary used evidence selectively. However, was Hovell's harsh judgement justified or has he made a sweeping generalisation? In other words, have historians since presented a more sophisticated, as well as a more sympathetic understanding of the nature of chartist leadership and their problems it faced?

  2. Systems of Sociology Theory based in the French Revolution era when Napoleon was defeated ...

    In effect, to increase chances for survival in a competitive environment one must strive to develop ways to stay ahead. For example developing digital cell phones to replace analog ones; or chameleons evolving with the ability to blend into their background as a defense mechanism; some species of frogs that

  1. Market Failure With De-Merit Goods

    For example how much of a cost is the lost of habitat for animals that live along the side of the river.

  2. What is Positivism?

    The common person wouldn't need to make their own decisions as everything would be thought out for them. * THEOLOGICAL: Military. (Middle Ages) - Natural phenomena explained as being the will of God/supernatural forces - The family is basic social unit * METAPHYSICAL: Judicial (1300-1700)

  1. Examining the way culture or ways of the society impinge upon the stories "Snapshots ...

    way into the jobs at the heart of the society, changing this matriarchal society into a more balanced social structure. The society appears to be largely self-sufficient, as they are preparing the home and wedding independently, with no external help.

  2. 'How To Get On In Society' by John Betjeman

    The orders seem to run on, so to promote and instant thought, as if a last minute panic ridden suggestion. The idea of a fuss created over a seemingly trivial event such as dinner is also an upper class association, as so much attention is made to physical detail.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work