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Examine the portrayal of cultural poverty in "Saved" and "The Wasp Factory"

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Examine the portrayal of cultural poverty in "Saved" and "The Wasp Factory" Cultural poverty can be defined as lacking society's principles in many ways. "The Wasp Factory" and "Saved" deal with dysfunctional families living in a community that is deprived of hope and aspiration. Their way of life is violent and gothic due to the deficiency of society's ethics and morals. This is reflected in the characters attitudes and minds which to them is all they have ever known. Their isolation from education and society's support structure limits their knowledge of how to live in a community. Lack of education is probably the most defining factor determining how a society advances and improves. Frank's world is completely his creation, with his own morals, principles and rules. He doesn't know how to socialise as he has never experienced life through the point of view of another human being. His total upbringing by his father was completely orchestrated mentally and physically. Frank epitomises the extremes of society's norms at the time that "The Wasp Factory" was written when Margaret Thatcher was in power. Thatcher's belief when she was in power was that it's "Every man for himself" which created social isolation between different families, as can be seen in the families of both "The Wasp Factory" and "Saved". ...read more.


Bond is also trying to address a political issue with this play, Violence will only stop when we live in a just society in which all people are equal in all significant respects. Capitalism can't do this because its political ethos is competitiveness. The stoning of the baby is a consequence of this, but the eruption of violence has nothing to do with the preceding action or with the object of violence, the baby. It's just the result of the general situation (being bored, having no aims in life) and some of their cries while they murder the baby are ruling-class slogans. Aggression is not directed against the source of alienation, but against human nature, in this case the baby as the epitome of neediness and hope for the future. The young people express that they are not interested in children. Both books have similarities and differences in the way women are portrayed. "The Wasp Factory", Frank is brought up entirely by his father, and the effect this has on Franks view of women is very negative - he says, "My greatest enemies are women and the sea - women because they are weak and live in the shadow of men" (Pg 43). Frank also has a view that women like to see men helpless as he says "I expected she would just let me crack my skull on the pavement because women like to see men helpless" (Pg 79). ...read more.


Frank understands that he was never going to be educated in public schools, but he believes that he is just as well educated as others, "I probably know more about the conventional school subjects than most people of my age". Frank is also optimistic about Eric coming home as he has a very strong link with him, even though he is certified insane. The ending of the book is also positive; Frank says "I thought one door had shut behind me years ago, now the door closes, and my journey begins" (Pg 184). Even with the discovery of his new identity, Frank is confident that his "Journey" will still continue, and that although he realises he is a girl, he is still the same person, "But I am still me, I am the same person" (Pg 182). It could be said that human beings adapt to their surroundings, which is scientifically true in the case of animals such as rabbits where their fur turns white in winter. Humans are all born into society, and it is true that your surroundings can have an effect on a persons mind and personality. In "The Wasp Factory" and "Saved", the characters are limited in their awareness and they have no perspective in life. They are living in their own isolated areas with no interaction with other people in their community and this limits their knowledge. Sulaiman Sarwar 13MH ...read more.

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