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Hedda Gabler and Miss Julie

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[Name of institution] [Name of writer] Hedda Gabler and Miss Julie Introduction Ibs?n's H?dda Gabl?r and Strindb?rg's Miss Juli? ar? compl?x works which hav? b??n thoroughly analys?d sinc? th?y w?r? writt?n ov?r on? hundr?d y?ars ago. In this r?s?arch w? will conduct a d?tail?d comparison of th? two and so I shall, inst?ad, conc?ntrat? upon a singl? issu?: wh?th?r th? f?mal? l?ads in ?ach play n??d?d to commit suicid?. In my r?s?arch I will d?t?rmin? wh?th?r or not it was n?c?ssary for H?dda Gabl?r of H?nrik Ibs?n's 'H?dda Gabl?r' and Miss Juli? of August Strinb?rg's 'Miss Juli?' to di?. Purpos? of study August Strindb?rg and H?nrik Ibs?n w?r? both gr?at playwrights of th? 19th c?ntury, and both play?d a larg? rol? in th? ?volution of mod?rn day naturalism/ r?alism. Th? plays I will b? discussing ar? Ibs?n's H?dda Gabl?r, (1890) and Strindb?rg's Miss Juli? (1888). In Kar?n's l?ctur? on Strindb?rg, sh? told how th? two playwrights w?r? rivals in a s?ns?, mainly caus?d by Strindb?rg's attitud?s on social issu?s- Nam?ly his thoughts and th?ory on th? rol? of wom?n in soci?ty. Thus, I am l?ad to b?li?v? that H?dda Gabl?r was writt?n by Ibs?n as a dir?ct r?taliation to Strindb?rg's Miss Juli?, just as Kar?n b?li?v?s that Strindb?rg's Th? Fath?r was writt?n as a r?ply to Ibs?n's Ghosts. Although both plays ?nd with th? suicid? of th? ...read more.


has nothing to liv? for. Only h?r d?ad fath?r has s?t an ?xampl? of h?roism. His portrait fac?s us from th? small inn?r room for th? whol? of th? play and r?minds us of his influ?nc? ov?r his daught?r. W? ar? to inf?r that sh? has inh?rit?d his st??ly r?solv? (Garton, pp 45-367). So, H?dda has to di?, but should w? car?? I b?li?v? w? should. Sh? is sarcastic, haughty and brittl? and on? would c?rtainly not wish to shar? a flat with h?r but it is difficult not to f??l, from a saf? distanc?, a c?rtain admiration and pity for th? woman. Ibs?n purpos?ly ?xagg?rat?d T?sman's stupidity in lat?r drafts of th? play (Strindberg, pp 27-190)to show how difficult it would b? for a high-mind?d p?rson lik? H?dda to b? marri?d to him. Th? s?ns? of suffocation sh? must f??l is compound?d wh?n sh? has to ?ndur? his aunt's solicitations and low?r-class mann?rs. Sh? also has to suff?r knowing comm?nts about h?r pr?gnancy and dr?ads th? thought of having a baby sinc? it ?pitomiz?s th? drudg?ry and crudity of th? ?v?ryday world. Sh? symbolically d?stroys th? infant wh?n sh? burns Lo?vb?rg's manuscript at th? ?nd of Act Thr??. T?llingly, as point?d out by Garton (Strindberg, pp 27-190) sh? actually says, in Norw?gian, 'burn th? child' rath?r than 'your child' as it is usually translat?d It could b? ...read more.


att?mpts to dominat? h?r fianc�, but this is primarily du? to h?r upbringing by h?r moth?r (Stanton, pp 11-190). Lik? H?dda sh? is highly influ?nc?d by h?r fath?r. Strindb?rg ?mphasiz?s th? abs?nt mast?r's pow?r by having a larg? b?ll on stag? which h? us?s to summon his val?t. Also, at th? b?ginning of th? play J?an plac?s th? mast?r's riding boots wh?r? w? can s?? th?m. As not?d ?arli?r, H?dda Gabl?r is h?r fath?r's daught?r and wish?s to ?mulat? him but Miss Juli? is, p?rhaps, afraid of h?r fath?r. At th? ?nd of th? play, Miss Juli? has implod?d ?motionally, lacking any will-pow?r to think for h?rs?lf. In this stat?, it is improbabl? that, sh? could summon up th? m?ntal ?n?rgy to kill h?rs?lf. Strindb?rg was int?r?st?d in hypnotism (Strindberg, pp 27-190) and th?r? is an implication that Miss Juli? is in a tranc? wh?n sh? tak?s th? razor from J?an, but th?r? is no ?vid?nc? that a hypnotist can caus? p?opl? to harm th?ms?lv?s, n?v?r mind commit suicid?. Conclusion In summary, H?dda Gabl?r n??ds to di?, and to di? boldly to assur? us that th?r? is h?roism l?ft in th? world. W? f??l sorry for h?r sinc? h?r motiv?s ar? worthy if misguid?d, but can tak? som? comfort from h?r act. Miss Juli?, in contrast, do?s not hav? to di?. Sh? is alr?ady d?grad?d and h?r d?mis? is an unn?c?ssary coda to ?v?nts. Sh? should liv?, to ?ndur? th? wrath of h?r fath?r and to ?nsur? J?an pays for his misb?haviour. H?r suicid? is a capitulation in comparison to H?dda's positiv? and d?fiant g?stur?. ...read more.

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