• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Hedda Gabler and Miss Julie

Extracts from this document...


[Name of institution] [Name of writer] Hedda Gabler and Miss Julie Introduction Ibs?n's H?dda Gabl?r and Strindb?rg's Miss Juli? ar? compl?x works which hav? b??n thoroughly analys?d sinc? th?y w?r? writt?n ov?r on? hundr?d y?ars ago. In this r?s?arch w? will conduct a d?tail?d comparison of th? two and so I shall, inst?ad, conc?ntrat? upon a singl? issu?: wh?th?r th? f?mal? l?ads in ?ach play n??d?d to commit suicid?. In my r?s?arch I will d?t?rmin? wh?th?r or not it was n?c?ssary for H?dda Gabl?r of H?nrik Ibs?n's 'H?dda Gabl?r' and Miss Juli? of August Strinb?rg's 'Miss Juli?' to di?. Purpos? of study August Strindb?rg and H?nrik Ibs?n w?r? both gr?at playwrights of th? 19th c?ntury, and both play?d a larg? rol? in th? ?volution of mod?rn day naturalism/ r?alism. Th? plays I will b? discussing ar? Ibs?n's H?dda Gabl?r, (1890) and Strindb?rg's Miss Juli? (1888). In Kar?n's l?ctur? on Strindb?rg, sh? told how th? two playwrights w?r? rivals in a s?ns?, mainly caus?d by Strindb?rg's attitud?s on social issu?s- Nam?ly his thoughts and th?ory on th? rol? of wom?n in soci?ty. Thus, I am l?ad to b?li?v? that H?dda Gabl?r was writt?n by Ibs?n as a dir?ct r?taliation to Strindb?rg's Miss Juli?, just as Kar?n b?li?v?s that Strindb?rg's Th? Fath?r was writt?n as a r?ply to Ibs?n's Ghosts. Although both plays ?nd with th? suicid? of th? ...read more.


has nothing to liv? for. Only h?r d?ad fath?r has s?t an ?xampl? of h?roism. His portrait fac?s us from th? small inn?r room for th? whol? of th? play and r?minds us of his influ?nc? ov?r his daught?r. W? ar? to inf?r that sh? has inh?rit?d his st??ly r?solv? (Garton, pp 45-367). So, H?dda has to di?, but should w? car?? I b?li?v? w? should. Sh? is sarcastic, haughty and brittl? and on? would c?rtainly not wish to shar? a flat with h?r but it is difficult not to f??l, from a saf? distanc?, a c?rtain admiration and pity for th? woman. Ibs?n purpos?ly ?xagg?rat?d T?sman's stupidity in lat?r drafts of th? play (Strindberg, pp 27-190)to show how difficult it would b? for a high-mind?d p?rson lik? H?dda to b? marri?d to him. Th? s?ns? of suffocation sh? must f??l is compound?d wh?n sh? has to ?ndur? his aunt's solicitations and low?r-class mann?rs. Sh? also has to suff?r knowing comm?nts about h?r pr?gnancy and dr?ads th? thought of having a baby sinc? it ?pitomiz?s th? drudg?ry and crudity of th? ?v?ryday world. Sh? symbolically d?stroys th? infant wh?n sh? burns Lo?vb?rg's manuscript at th? ?nd of Act Thr??. T?llingly, as point?d out by Garton (Strindberg, pp 27-190) sh? actually says, in Norw?gian, 'burn th? child' rath?r than 'your child' as it is usually translat?d It could b? ...read more.


att?mpts to dominat? h?r fianc´┐Ż, but this is primarily du? to h?r upbringing by h?r moth?r (Stanton, pp 11-190). Lik? H?dda sh? is highly influ?nc?d by h?r fath?r. Strindb?rg ?mphasiz?s th? abs?nt mast?r's pow?r by having a larg? b?ll on stag? which h? us?s to summon his val?t. Also, at th? b?ginning of th? play J?an plac?s th? mast?r's riding boots wh?r? w? can s?? th?m. As not?d ?arli?r, H?dda Gabl?r is h?r fath?r's daught?r and wish?s to ?mulat? him but Miss Juli? is, p?rhaps, afraid of h?r fath?r. At th? ?nd of th? play, Miss Juli? has implod?d ?motionally, lacking any will-pow?r to think for h?rs?lf. In this stat?, it is improbabl? that, sh? could summon up th? m?ntal ?n?rgy to kill h?rs?lf. Strindb?rg was int?r?st?d in hypnotism (Strindberg, pp 27-190) and th?r? is an implication that Miss Juli? is in a tranc? wh?n sh? tak?s th? razor from J?an, but th?r? is no ?vid?nc? that a hypnotist can caus? p?opl? to harm th?ms?lv?s, n?v?r mind commit suicid?. Conclusion In summary, H?dda Gabl?r n??ds to di?, and to di? boldly to assur? us that th?r? is h?roism l?ft in th? world. W? f??l sorry for h?r sinc? h?r motiv?s ar? worthy if misguid?d, but can tak? som? comfort from h?r act. Miss Juli?, in contrast, do?s not hav? to di?. Sh? is alr?ady d?grad?d and h?r d?mis? is an unn?c?ssary coda to ?v?nts. Sh? should liv?, to ?ndur? th? wrath of h?r fath?r and to ?nsur? J?an pays for his misb?haviour. H?r suicid? is a capitulation in comparison to H?dda's positiv? and d?fiant g?stur?. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Examine the tragic elements in the characterization of Hedda Gabler

    Hamlet is unquestionably an honorable man with upstanding qualities whom the audience is expected to admire. It is not so clear how we are to view Hedda. At one point I fell that Hedda should be condemned for her selfishness and destructiveness, then later I admired for her courage and determination.

  2. An examination of how Ibsen and Lorca present the confinement of women in their ...

    Furthermore, the negative connotation on 'out here' directly implies that she doesn't like living in the house. On the other hand, this line creates ambiguity and might also suggest that the house is far from populated area. This also indicates confinement from people.

  1. Response to Fritjof Capra's "The Turning Point"

    Get bigger. Win. We need to slow down growth and population growth. The population of the Third World continues to grow. A highly developed, comfortable society has a natural, built in tendency to reduce the birth rate. This has happened in the West.

  2. Lady Of Letters: How believable do you find the transformation of Miss Ruddock in ...

    Sometimes though, her well-meant intentions go wrong. For example when she complained about the child, believing that he was being 'neglected', she was only concerned for the child's safety. Yet in reality the child was fine, but jumping to conclusions made her think that the child was being mistreated.

  1. 'The Simple Bard, unbroke by rules or Art'. (Burns epigraph to the Kilmarnockedition). How ...

    The sincerity and love of a bard, who spontaneously conveys his heartfelt emotions, through the uniting of form, vernacular and stanza structure, presents a solid ground for belief in the content of the epistles. The structural constituents of the epistles, aligned with the duality of the 'subsumed indignation' and poetic content, creates a formidable spokesman.

  2. The poem that I am going to talk about is the Unknown Citizen by ...

    Yet again there is report about him, but this time it is from the Social Psychologist, they delve into every facet of your life, from your professional life to your home life. They social psychologist does not report on you, he/she spies on you, on what you do, wear, act and think.

  1. Comparison Between the set roles of Late 19th Century men in the two plays ...

    Dr Rank, a well-respected doctor, represents the weaker side of men, both physically through his illness which is probably a sexually transmitted disease inherited from his father and also being susceptible to Nora. In 'Ms Julia' the main male character is Jean, whose rank in society does not exceed one of a footman.

  2. The Grapes of Wrath

    The worst kind are the business owners who take advantage of the workers buy offering low wages and then charging high for their products and services. One perfect example is how the car salesmen sells unreliable cars at high cost to migrant workers and knows perfectly well the car is not going to take them all the way through.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work