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In what ways does "Modern times" capture the main features of an industrial capitalist society?

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Introduction

In what ways does "Modern times" capture the main features of an industrial capitalist society? From this essay, I hope to reflect the characteristics of a industrial capitalist society, a society where a system creates capital through the exploitation of wage labour and the commodity of the production for sales by separating workers from any property owner rights and by manufacturing the means of a factory system e.g. through assembly lines which was known to prove depression to many workers. The film Modern Times directed by Charles Chaplin was known to represent political issues because of how Chaplin created political overtones due to his representation of assembly lines, the industrial practices and urban misery that an industrial capitalist society created and so from this essay I hope to present an overview of a capitalist society through explicit examples represented by Chaplin in his film Modern times. However it is also questionable whether or not this is possible, since Chaplin specifically says that his film Modern Times has no social significance therefore is it possible to capture the main features of a capitalist society? Through the creation of the industrial capitalist society, a new kind of society has been built alongside a new worker and so a new lifestyle, a main characteristic of this is Mass production. ...read more.

Middle

This involves the moving assembly line to workers resistance, as well as a mode of regulation. Therefore from the film modern times thou Chaplin critics this remark we see how Chapin has criticised society by his representation of fordism through the factory scenes. Another aspect of a modern industrial society is social class; this is an important aspect towards a modern industrial society because capitalism leads to an increase in wealth due to the increase in productivity via machinery. In a capitalist society class is separated by those who own the means of production therefore have power and control to those who have to work in order to survive. This was clearly illustrated in the factory scene at the beginning of the film as you could clearly see that the president of the factory had ownership and power because of the way he would sit in his office and watch everyone else do the work by watching them from the T.V, yet order them to do work if he felt that were looking tiredsome. Furthermore there is another abstract that illustrates the social structure which is when the tramp is invited to have tea with the Chaplin and his wife which occurs on a regular ...read more.

Conclusion

However what we also see from this film which isn't part of a modern capitalist society is how the orphan is given equal status to Chaplin, yet according to a capitalist society it is men who have power, therefore does it show a true refection of what happen in a modern capitalist society? Alice Clark supports this and she believed that women had better opportunities before the industrial revolution because women had more opportunities as well as experiencing equality between husband and wife, whilst in a modern industrial society this was not the case, according to Shorter he believed that women's labour was controlled by the husband because of living in a patriarchal society. Women were seen as inferior therefore had less equal rights. To conclude, the film Modern Times can be seen as a representation of mass production via the assembly line and how workers was treated for example how Chaplin was dehumanized by machinery. This film represents a rage against machinery. Whatsmore it also shows other aspects of a modern society for example gender and class from how the orphan has been characterised to the hierarchy within the factory. Yet though we can see main characteristics of a modern industrial society a counter argument of this is Chaplin specifically says that " ...read more.

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