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Look at domestic labour within the family and any possible changes of domestic labour in the household.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Content Page * Introduction... pg.3 * Aims and Hypothesis... pg.4 * Methodology... pg.5 * Results... pg.8 * Evaluation... pg.11 * Conclusion... pg.12 * Bibliography... pg.13 Introduction: Domestic labour is the work done in the household by the members of the family and which is not paid. I want to investigate if women still do the majority of the domestic labour in a household. I have chosen to investigate domestic labour because I want to see that, over the years if men have started helping with domestic labour in the household. Domestic labour is work, which most women do on top of their employment, and the amount of work they do after they come home from their job varies. When women do domestic labour, as they're only or main work they do not get paid, so women get bored of doing domestic labour in the household. Still today domestic labour is stereotypical gender roles predominate, which stereotypes show that women roles predominantly to do domestic labour in the household. From the late nineteenth century until 1950 the relationship between husband and wife could be described as male domination ("bread winner" or patriarchy). The father/husband was the undoubted head of the household; his needs, his value, and his viewpoint were always considered first. Women were regarded as inferior and spent their lives as mothers, looking after their children, as wives, looking after the husband, and as house wives, looking after the home. The wife's role, that is the typical pattern of behaviour expected of a wife, reflected the attitudes held about women at the time. These attitudes were basically that women were naturally inferior to men and should accept their authority. However, it began to change, with greater emphasis on a more shared home life. The equality between husband and wife, sharing of domestic tasks, leisure time spent together with the family and greater pride in the home began to change. ...read more.

Middle

This obviously affects the validity of the findings. Some of the methods I didn't use, e.g. "Participant Observation," because it is very time consuming, therefore expensive, also difficult to gain access because if you use someone, their behaviour might change if they know who you are and I am a full time student. You might become sympathetic to the group and this might influence your findings, which would then become invalid. You might be in danger, if you are covert and people find out, difficult to write down details if you are covert, therefore you are selecting (i.e. bias.) I didn't use the method of "experiments" because, expensive, are a small scale (experiments can't be carried out on large groups). They are unethical (they can involve deceiving people or putting them into stressful situations) and the experiment effect people meaning that people know they are participating in an experiment and they may behave differently. The problems that I came across were that certain type of people wouldn't fill in the questionnaires, so I had to find people like that and tried to make them fill in the questionnaire. Another problem I faced was that people wouldn't give their reasons to why they chose that answer, so I had to try and get them to fill out the questionnaire properly before they were allowed to go. Question six respondents didn't fully understand it; so for question six in my questionnaires I told the respondents that it is linked to doing housework. The secondary method I used was the internet and newspaper. I used the internet to find out my secondary research because I was able to find articles on domestic labour, which are up to date. This means that the articles are valid, so we can make generalisations from it and compare it to my hypothesis and see whether it proves my hypothesis is right. ...read more.

Conclusion

So if my primary research and my secondary research prove my hypothesis is correct then my results must be correct as well. If my secondary information is up to date and supports my hypothesis and my primary research means what I found out those women still does the majority of the housework, means that they still do the majority today. In my secondary information a news article by John Carvel a social affairs officer found out that boys are being paid more than girls, for the same type chores. This may be because it is not expected from boys to do chores from peer pressures and how they had been socialised from a young age when taught the norms and values of society. In primary research I found that half of the people I gave questionnaires I gave said I do get pocket money and the other half didn't get pocket money. This may be because in some families, parents believe that their children, boys and girls should be helping out with chores. This shows that, parents' views to gender roles have changed over the years and to start thinking fairly. However, on the other hand some families believe it is not right for gender to change because they feel that their children should carry on with the tradition that have gone on for generations. Conclusion Overall, my hypothesis was correct. I would do the research again but differently to get more information, to make better generalisations and representations. In stead of using interviews and questionnaires, I could use participant observation. Participant observation is when a researcher joins the group and acts as one of them. There are two types of observation, covert and overt observation. Covert is where the researcher does not tell the group members that he/she is a researcher. Overt is where the researcher is completely open about the research. Advantages of participant observation * No hypothesis-you can go into your research with an open mind. * Micro-sociology- you can find out about people might not know about. ...read more.

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